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RK INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
INSTITIÚID TEICNEOLAÍOCHTA CHORCAÍ
Semester 2 Examinations 2010
Module Title: Control Engineering and Automation Systems
Module Code: MECH8001
School: Mechanical and Process Engineering
Programme Title: Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Mechanical Engineering
Programme Code: EMECH_8_Y4
External Examiner(s): Prof. R. Clarke, Mr. J.T. Hayes
Internal Examiner(s): Dr. Michael J. O’Mahony
Instructions: Attempt 4 questions
All questions carry equal marks
Duration: 2 hours
Sitting: Summer 2010
Requirements for this examination:
1. Nichols Chart Chartwell Graph data ref. 7514 (copy attached)
Note to Candidates: Please check the Programme Title and the Module Title to ensure that you have received the
correct examination paper.
If in doubt please contact an Invigilator.
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1. Fig Q.1 relates to the control of drug-induced unconsciousness associated with anaesthetics
used in surgery. Problems are encountered with large differences in patient response. The
block diagram represents a model for the control of arterial blood pressure
(a) Construct the Bode plot for the system as ω varies from 0.01 to 100 rad/s and hence
obtain the gain margin and phase margin when T = 0.05 sec.
(b) Repeat the above for the case where T = 0.1 sec and comment on the results obtained.
(c) Predict the damping ratio and the expected response to a unit step input for both cases (a)
and (b) above.
2. (a) State and discuss the Nyquist Stability Criterion.
(b) Plot the Nyquist Contour for the system with the following open loop transfer function;
() () (1)( 1)()
GsHs Ts T S s
Comment on the stability of the system.
If T1 = 0.2, T2 = 0.5 determine the value of K that will give a Gain Margin of 20 dB.
3. (a) An automatic level control system for a effluent treatment plant is shown in Fig. Q 3. Explain
briefly the operation of the system and tune the controller to give PI control of the tank level
(ignore for the present the effects of the disturbance flow Qd). The following parameters relate to
the system block diagram:
sp = Set point conversion factor = 4mA per m
v = Control valve coefficient = 0.028 m3/s per mA
τv = Control valve time constant = 20 s
A = Tank area = 10 m2
R = Outlet hydraulic resistance = 0.069 m3/s per m
τT = Transmitter time constant = 5 s