Curve Budget Line Diagram, Intermediate Microeconomics - Economics - Exam, Exams for Micro Economics. Aliah University

Micro Economics

Description: This lecture is from Intermediate Microeconomics. Key important points are: Curve Budget Line Diagram, Intermediate Microeconomics, Price of Heating Oil, Heating Oil, Price Change, Budget Line Flatter, Initial Optimum, Curve Budget Line, Manager of a Firm, Expansion Path
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Last Name______________________ First Name___________________________
Intermediate Microeconomics Final [150 points]
Clearly label all graphs for full credit and please write legibly; I cannot grade what I cannot read. Show
your work for full credits. The number of points each question is worth in parentheses.
1. (20) Last year, the price of heating oil was $4 per gallon, and Jennifer purchased 100 gallons
of heating oil. This year, the price of heating oil falls to $3 per gallon while Jennifer's
income is unchanged. Jennifer decides to share her good fortune by giving her retired
father a gift of $100. Consider an indifference curve-budget line diagram with heating
oil on the horizontal axis and "all other goods" on the vertical axis.
(i) (4) Does the price change make Jennifer's budget line flatter or steeper? Justify
your choice.
(ii) (6) After Jennifer gives the $100 gift, will her new budget line lie above, lie
below, or pass through her initial optimum? Justify your choice.
(iii) (10) Sketch an indifference curve-budget line diagram that illustrates this
situation. This year, will Jennifer be better or worse off than she was last year?
2. (20) The manager of a firm receives an engineering report claiming that an additional hour
of capital would add twice as much output as would an additional hour of labor.
According to the firm's accountants, an hour of capital costs 3 times more than an hour
of labor.
(i) (6) Is the firm on its expansion path? Why or why not?
(ii) (6) Suppose the firm is under contractual obligations to keep its output at current
levels. What long-run adjustment (if any) should the manager make in the firm's
employment of labor and capital?
(iii) (8) Sketch an isoquant-isocost diagram that illustrates the situation described in
part ii. Label the initial situation "A" and the post-adjustment situation "B." The
scale of your diagram does not need to be accurate.
. (30) Suppose donuts are produced by a competitive constant-cost industry, which is initially
in a long-run equilibrium. For each of the following situations, design a supply-demand
diagram that shows how market price and quantity will be affected in both the short run
and the long run. In your diagrams, show the short-run supply, long-run supply, and
demand curves, along with any shifts in these curves. Label the initial long-run
equilibrium E0, the new short-run equilibrium E1, and the new long-run equilibrium E2.
(i) Donuts decline in popularity as more and more people choose to consume
healthier breakfast. How are the profits of donut firms affected in the short run?
How are their profits affected in the long run?
(ii) New health regulations require each donut firm to make a onetime donation to the
OAC (Obesity Action Coalition). Who pays for this increased cost in the short
run? Who pays in the long run?
(iii) The cost of flour falls, which reduces the cost of producing each donut by 50
cents. Who pays for this decreased cost in the short run? Who pays in the long
4. (30) A firm faces the following demand for its output: P = 200 - 0.5Q. The firm’s
cost structure is defined by the following Total Cost function:
TC = 100 + 20Q + .5Q2
i. (10) Please find the firm’s profit maximizing level of output and profit.
ii. (8) Graph the situation and indicate on the graph any Deadweight Loss
resulting from the monopoly.
iii. (6) Calculate the Deadweight Loss and explain why it is the Deadweight Loss.
iv. (6) What is the socially efficient quantity?
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