Early Positivism - Criminological Theory - Lecture Slides, Slides for Law and Criminology. Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University

Law and Criminology

Description: These are the lecture slides of Criminological Theory. Key important points are: Early Positivism, Biology and Crime, Sociological Criticism and Dominance, New Directions, Biological Research, Biosocial Interactions, Born Criminal, Darwinistic Theory, Supermale, Cross Fostering Analysis
Showing pages  1  -  4  of  9
Biology and Crime
Early Positivism: the legacy of the early 1900s
Sociological Criticism and Dominance
New Directions in Biological research
Biosocial Interactions
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Early Biological Positivism
Lombroso’s “born criminal”
Darwinistic theory of “atavism
Various theories of the “feeble-minded
Charles Goring, E.A. Hooten
body stature and weight
The XYY supermale
Commonality? 1 immutable factor directly causes
crime
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Biology from 1940-1980s
Any hint of “biological research” was ridiculed,
ignored, treated as “taboo.
Akers: this criticism was warranted
The use of “knowledge destruction?
1990s-present: rebirth of biological research
Is modern biological research or theory any
better?
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Is Crime “inherited?
Twin Studies
Christianson (1977)
“Concordance” rates: MZ (36%), DZ (12%)
Criticism of twin studies?
Adoption studies
cross fostering” analyses
criminal history of biological parents vs. adoptive
parents
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