Group Performance - Managing Organizational Behavior - Lecture Slides, Slides for Organizational Behaviour. Allahabad University

Organizational Behaviour

Description: Positive and Negative, Types of Interdependence, Group Performance, Social Facilitation, Process Loss, Social Loafing, Motivation Loss, Dealing With Social Loafing, Other Issues. This lecture is from Organizational Behavior course. Some slides titles and other key words are given above.
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Group performance and
development
Recap
Types of interdependence
Fate
Task
Positive and negative
Group performance
Social facilitation
Process loss
Social loafing/motivation loss
Goals
Dealing with social loafing
Other issues in group performance
which types of tasks are groups good
at?
How do groups change over time?
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Social loafing
Reasons for social loafing
Equity – matching your partners’ effort
Anonymity of performance
Identifiable performance
Evaluation apprehension
Matching to standards
Reducing social loafing
Make performance identifiable,
knowingly evaluated
Give specific expectations for
General standards of performance
Teammates’ expected performance
Increase personal involvement in task
Improve group efficacy beliefs
Task type and group performance
Groups not equally effective at all
tasks
Tasks involving facts, right/wrong
answers vs. creative tasks
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Decision-making performance
Collective knowledge gains may
outweigh process loss, motivation
losses
Shared mental models similarity in
perceptions of goals, tasks, capabilities
Transactive memory systems – pieces
of knowledge/know-how distributed
across individuals
Creative tasks
Example of creative tasks
Brainstorming, ‘divergent thinking’ tasks
Big losses due to
Blocking (kind of process loss)
Conformity pressures
Creative tasks
Factors affecting performance on creative
tasks
Group composition
Diverse vs. homogenous groups
Acceptance, encouragement of dissenting
opinions
Communication medium
Face to face vs. computer-mediated
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Group development
Cohesion
How tight are the social bonds in a
group?
How does it develop over time?
How does it affect performance?
Group development
Stage models of group development
Groups go through specific sequential stages of
development
Tuckman (1965)
Orientation (forming)
Conflict (storming)
Structure (norming)
Work (performing)
Dissolution (adjourning)
Orientation stage
Guarded interactions, tension,
monitoring of self and others
Forming opinions, inferences about
others
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