Human Growth and Development - General Psychology - Lecture Notes, Study notes for Psychology. Alliance University

Psychology

Description: Human Growth and Development, Nature Vs Nurture, Stability Vs Change, Continuity Vs Stage, Prenatal Development, Three Stages, Embryonic Stage, Personality Development, Theory of Personality Development, Attachment and Child Care are points from the lecture.
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General Psychology
Human Growth and Development
Development:
The changes in physical, cognitive, and social abilities that occur throughout the
lifespan
Important Issues:
Nature vs. Nurture
Stability vs. Change
Continuity vs. Stage
Research Methods:
Longitudinal Method
Study one group of people over long period of time
Cross-Sectional Method
Study different age groups at the same time
Prenatal Development
Three Stages:
Germinal Stage
Zygote
Conception to 2 weeks
Embryonic Stage
2 weeks to 2 months
Fetal Stage
2 months to birth
Prenatal Nutrition: Teratogens
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Motor Development
Cephalocaudal
Development from head to foot
Proximodistal
Development from center outward
Maturation
Unfolding of genetic blueprint
Developmental Norms
Median age for behaviors to appear
Perception
Vision
At birth an infant can see in color
At birth child prefers human faces
By age 6 months acuity matches an adults
Hearing
Auditory localization, distinguish voices and speech
Personality Development
Temperament
Established within first few months of life
Remains stable through life
Primarily depends on genes
Uninhibited
Easily approach unfamiliar people, objects, situations
Inhibited
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