Human Growth and Development - General Psychology - Lecture Notes, Study notes for Psychology. Alliance University


Description: Human Growth and Development, Nature Vs Nurture, Stability Vs Change, Continuity Vs Stage, Prenatal Development, Three Stages, Embryonic Stage, Personality Development, Theory of Personality Development, Attachment and Child Care are points from the lecture.
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General Psychology
Human Growth and Development
The changes in physical, cognitive, and social abilities that occur throughout the
Important Issues:
Nature vs. Nurture
Stability vs. Change
Continuity vs. Stage
Research Methods:
Longitudinal Method
Study one group of people over long period of time
Cross-Sectional Method
Study different age groups at the same time
Prenatal Development
Three Stages:
Germinal Stage
Conception to 2 weeks
Embryonic Stage
2 weeks to 2 months
Fetal Stage
2 months to birth
Prenatal Nutrition: Teratogens
Motor Development
Development from head to foot
Development from center outward
Unfolding of genetic blueprint
Developmental Norms
Median age for behaviors to appear
At birth an infant can see in color
At birth child prefers human faces
By age 6 months acuity matches an adults
Auditory localization, distinguish voices and speech
Personality Development
Established within first few months of life
Remains stable through life
Primarily depends on genes
Easily approach unfamiliar people, objects, situations
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