Information Processing - Human Development - Lecture Slides, Slides for Human Development. Himgiri Zee University

Human Development

Description: Information Processing, Processing Theories, Cognitive Rules, Development is Continuous, Problem Solvers, Mechanisms of Change, Evidence of Infant Memory, Mobile Task, Metamemory, Suggestibility of Child Memory. Above mentioned are either slide title of slide or any other important term described in this lecture of Human Development course.
Showing pages  1  -  4  of  7
Information Processing
1
Information Processing Theories
Brain = Hardware
Cognitive rules and strategies = software
1
Information Processing Theories
Brain = Hardware
Cognitive rules and
strategies = software
Thinking = information
processing
2
Characteristics of Information Processing
Theories
Development is Continuous
Children are problem-solvers
Child as computational system (a computer), a
processor of information
Thinking is a process that occurs over time
3
Information Processing Theories
Mechanisms of Change
Encoding
Automatic Processing
Processing Speed
Strategy Construction
Content Knowledge
Self Modification
4
Docsity.com
Information Processing
2
Summary of Information Processing
Theories
Child as Problem solver
Thinking as a Process that occurs over time
Computer as Metaphor
Emphasis on Mechanisms of Change
5
Memory in Childhood
Evidence of Infant Memory
Metamemory
Autobiographical Memory
Child Eyewitness Testimony
Evidence of Infant Memory
Pacifier Study of Infant Preferences (“Cat-in-
the-Hatstudy)
Rovee-Colliers Mobile Task with 2- & 3-
month-olds
Brain Development
Mobile Task
Contingency Learning & Memory
Carolyn Rovee-Collier
Baseline Kicking Rate Learning Phase
(Measure Kicking) Memory Assessment
(Measure Kicking)
Docsity.com
Information Processing
3
Evidence of Infant Memory
Brain Development
Hippocampus & Amygdala
develop early (by 6 months)
Frontal cortex develops into the
2nd year
Hippocampus matures at 2 years
Pacifier Study of Infant Preferences (“Cat-in-the-
Hat” study)
Rovee-Collier’s Mobile Task with 2- & 3-month-
olds
Memory Improvement
Metamemory
Metacognition = thinking about thinking
Thinking about thoughts, attention, intentions, knowledge, etc.
Metamemory = thinking about memory
A subset of metacognition
Includes coming up with or intentionally using or evaluating memory
strategies
Metamemory
Memory strategies (in order of development):
Touching & handling objects to be remembered
Rehearsal
Organization
Elaboration
Docsity.com
Information Processing
4
Autobiographical Memory
Contributing Factors
Basic memory skills
Language
Parent-Child Conversation
Cultural Differences
Sense of Self
Infantile Amnesia
Why do we have it?
Do children < 3 lack the ability to form memories?
Did those events happen too long ago (sheer passage
of time)?
Are early memories simply stored differently than
later memories?
Possible reasons:
Earlier memories stored iconically, later memories
stored in language
Autobiographical memory not yet in place no
timeline or context in which to place it
Memory Development (Recap)
Infants:
Need visual cues (Rovee-Colliers mobile tasks)
Have non-verbal memories (because theyre
nonverbal)
Young children
Can report memories (because they are verbal)
Can remember things that happened a long time
ago (6 months ago, 1 yr, 2 yrs, etc.)
But their memories are very, very suggestible.
Suggestibility of Child Memory
Kelly Michaels We Care” Case
Lots of “memories” were reported
Problems with the interview process
If you are interested in a summary of this case see
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wee_Care_Nursery_Sc
hool
Docsity.com
The preview of this document ends here! Please or to read the full document or to download it.
Document information
Embed this document:
Docsity is not optimized for the browser you're using. In order to have a better experience please switch to Google Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer 9+ or Safari! Download Google Chrome