Digestive System - Human Anatomy - Handout, Exercises for Anatomy. The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University


Description: Digestive System, Organs of Digestive System, Alimentary Canal, Accessory Structures, Linguinal Frenulum Papillae, Layers Found in Tract, Muscularis Mucosa, Areolar Connective Tissue are some names of body part. An internal human body part is shown in image. This body part is also labelled with numbers. Names of the body part are given below to image.
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Biology 218 Outline – Digestive System

Biology 218 Outline – Digestive System

Functions Digestion Absorption

Organs of the Digestive System GI Tract – alimentary canal

Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Stomach Small intestine Large intestine

Accessory structures Teeth Tongue Salivary glands Liver Gallbladder Pancreas

Common Layers found in the tract Mucosa

Epithelium Lamina propria Muscularis mucosa

Submucosa Areolar connective tissue Blood vessels & glands Submucosal plexus

Muscularis Externa Inner circular muscle fibers Myenteric plexus (plexus of Auerbach) Outer longitudinal muscle fibers

Serosa Serous membrane

Connective tissue Mesothelium

Adventitia Peritoneum

Largest serous membrane in the body Parietal peritoneum Visceral peritoneum Special folds of the peritoneum

Mesentery Falciform ligament Lesser omentum Mesocolon Greater omentum


Mouth Tongue

Linguinal frenulum Papillae

Filliform Fungiform Circumvallate

Salivary Glands Parotid Submandibular Sublingual

Teeth Regions Anatomy Dentitions

Esophagus UES & LES

Stomach Anatomy Mucosa

Gastric pits Cell types

Muscularis externa Accessory structures that aid the small intestine

Pancreas Liver

Anatomy Biliary System Specialized Blood Supply

Gallbladder Small Intestine

Main parts Surface area adaptations for absorption

Large Intestine Main parts Specialized Muscularis externa


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