Engineering Ethics • Engineering is a profession
Team Exercise #1
• In 1 minute, list as many professions as you can.
Team Exercise #2
• In 3 minutes, list as many traits of a profession as you can.
Interaction Rules of Behavior • Etiquette - rules of acceptable personal
behavior and courtesy when interacting with others in a social setting.
• Laws - a system of rules and punishments clearly defined and established by a society to maintain a safe and orderly social environment.
Interaction Rules of Behavior (con’t)
• Morals - personal rules of right and wrong behavior derived from a person’s upbringing, religious beliefs, and societal influences.
• Ethics - a code or system of rules defining moral behavior for a particular society.
• Ethics is the study of the morality of human actions.
• Professional ethics guide the conduct of a professional.
• Most technical societies have written codes of ethics.
Code of Ethics
• As professionals, engineers have a code of ethics
Team Exercise #3
In two minutes, explain why is it important for engineers to have a code of ethics?
Published by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and
Preamble and Four Parts
• Engineers uphold and advance the integrity, honor and dignity of the engineering profession by: – I. using their knowledge and skill for the enhancement
of human welfare; – II. being honest and impartial, and serving with fidelity
the public, their employers and clients; – III. striving to increase the competence and prestige of
the engineering profession; and – IV. supporting the professional and technical societies
of their disciplines.
1. Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public in the performance of their professional duties.
2. Engineers shall perform services only in the areas of their competence.
3. Engineers shall issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner.
4. Engineers shall act in professional matters for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees, and shall avoid conflicts of interest.
5. Engineers shall build professional reputation on the merit of their services and shall not compete unfairly with others.
6. Engineers shall act in such a manner as to uphold and enhance the honor, integrity and dignity of the profession.
7. Engineers shall continue their professional development throughout their careers and shall provide opportunities for the professional development of those engineers under their supervision.
Case Study Example Actions Affecting Human Life: • A leather manufacturer disposes of dangerous
leather-cleaning chemicals in the river causing the city’s water to be contaminated with carcinogens. Eight children died by leukemia.
• SOUNDS FAMILIAR? “A Civil Action” starring John Travolta. A perfect case of professional ethics.
Case Study Example (con’t) What should the owner of the plant do?
1. Say nothing about the problem. If challenged, claim that it is impossible to prove that the plant discharge caused the leukemia.
2. Work out a cleaning system that would rectify the problem. 3. Admit that he made the error, clean the discharge, clean all
contaminated areas, have the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) inspect the cleaned areas, and pay a settlement to the families of lost children.
Do Ethical Canons Apply?
Case Study Example (con’t)
• Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public in the performance of their professional duties.
Team Exercise #4
• Discuss case studies based on material published by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers
• Engineers are often responsible for allocating limited funds to projects.
• These projects may affect the general health and safety of the public.
• These projects may have detrimental effects on some segments of the population.
Team Exercise #5
Identify three situations in which an engineer must make resource allocation decisions that may affect the public.
Three minutes Docsity.com