Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm Part 3-Sofware Development And Management of Information Systems-Lecture Slides, Slides for Management Information Systems. Indian Institute of Management (IIM)
mitraa
mitraa23 July 2012

Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm Part 3-Sofware Development And Management of Information Systems-Lecture Slides, Slides for Management Information Systems. Indian Institute of Management (IIM)

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This lecture was delivered by Prof. Bhuvanesh Agarwal at Indian Institute of Management (IIM) for Sofware Development And Management of Information Systems course. It includes: Ethics, Codes, It, Professionals, Dpma, Eth...
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Management Information Systems Chapter 5 Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm

ETHICS IN AN INFORMATION SOCIETY

DPMA and ACM Codes of Conduct

http://www.acm.org/constitution/code.html

Geographic Information System Professionals

Code of Ethics

Ethics Codes for IT Professionals

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Management Information Systems Chapter 5 Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm

ETHICS IN AN INFORMATION SOCIETY

Using systems to increase efficiency, and causing layoffs and personal hardships

Using systems to monitor employee e-mail to protect valuable assets, but decreasing employee privacy

Monitoring employee use of the Internet at work, decreasing employee privacy

Some Real-World IT Ethical Dilemmas

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Management Information Systems Chapter 5 Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm

ETHICS IN AN INFORMATION SOCIETY

Using huge databases to aggregate consumer

information, reducing the costs of granting credit,

but increasing the chance of losing personal data

to criminals, terrorists, or others

What ethical principles can we use to analyze these

situations?

Some Real-World IT Ethical Dilemmas (Continued)

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Management Information Systems Chapter 5 Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm

THE MORAL DIMENSIONS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Privacy: Claim of individuals to be left alone, free

from surveillance or interference from other

individuals, organizations, or the state. The claim

to be able to control information about yourself

Fair information practices: Set of principles

governing the collection and use of information

on the basis of U.S. and European privacy laws

Information Rights: Privacy and Freedom in the Internet Age

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Management Information Systems Chapter 5 Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm

THE MORAL DIMENSIONS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS

General federal privacy laws:

Freedom of Information Act, 1966 Privacy Act of 1974

Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986

Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988

Computer Security Act of 1987

Federal Managers Financial Integrity Act of 1982

U.S. Federal Privacy Laws

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Management Information Systems Chapter 5 Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm

THE MORAL DIMENSIONS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Notice/awareness (core principle)

Choice/consent (core principle)

Access/participation

Security

Enforcement

The Fair Information Practices Doctrine

Developed in the early 1970s, FIP is the predominant U.S. doctrine

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Management Information Systems Chapter 5 Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm

THE MORAL DIMENSIONS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Informed consent:

All uses of personal private information (PII)

require the informed consent of data subjects,

and require the data gatherer to provide the data

subject with all facts needed to make a rational

decision

The European Directive on Data Protection

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Management Information Systems Chapter 5 Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm

THE MORAL DIMENSIONS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Safe harbor:

Private self-regulating policy and enforcement

mechanism that meets the objectives of

government regulators but does not involve

government regulation or enforcement. Example:

U.S. corporations doing business in Europe must

process their data in a “safe harbor” where the

European rules of privacy are in force

“Safe harbor” status is granted by the EU after

certification by a trusted third party, e.g. a

recognized public account firm.

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Management Information Systems Chapter 5 Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm

THE MORAL DIMENSIONS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Cookies:

Tiny files deposited on a hard drive

Used to identify the visitor and track visits to the Web site

May or may not be used to gather personal private information

In some cases, only a visitors customer number is maintained, not any personal information. In other cases, personal information can be gathered

Internet Challenges to Privacy

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How Cookies Identify Web Visitors

Management Information Systems Chapter 5 Ethical and Social Issues in the Digital Firm

THE MORAL DIMENSIONS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Figure 5-3 docsity.com

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