Fixed Partitioning - Operating Systems Fundamentals - Exam Paper, Exams for Computer Science. Aliah University

Computer Science

Description: These are the Exam Paper of Operating Systems Fundamentals which includes Scheduling Policies, I/O Devices, Management Intended, Memory Management, Operating System, New Process, Common Events, File Organisation, File Management etc. Key important points are: Fixed Partitioning, Modern Operating, Operating System, Main Modules, Etch-Execute, Interrupt Occurs, Transition Diagram, Process Transition, Normal Completion, Arrival Times
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CORK INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY INSTITIÚID TEICNEOLAÍOCHTA CHORCAÍ

Semester 2 Examinations 2009/10

Module Title: Operating Systems Fundamentals

Module Code: SOFT 6003 School: Science Programme Title: B.Sc. (Honours) in Software Development and Computer Networking

Higher Certificate in Science in Information Technology Support Programme Code: KITMN_8_Y1 KITSU_7_Y1 KDNET_8_Y1 KITSM_6_Y1

External Examiner(s): Mr. Ken Carroll Internal Examiner(s): Mr Ger MacSweeney Ms Helen Fagan

Instructions: Answer four questions. Show all work. Duration: 2 hours Sitting: Summer 2010 Requirements for this examination: Note to Candidates: Please check the Programme Title and the Module Title to ensure that you have received the correct examination paper. If in doubt please contact an Invigilator.

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Q1 i) What are the main goals of a modern Operating System? List four of the main modules found

in an Operating System. [5 marks]

ii) What is an interrupt and why is this mechanism used by the CPU? [5 marks]

iii) With the aid of a diagram, describe the ‘fetch-execute’ cycle indicating when interrupts are handled.

[3 marks] iv) Explain in detail the steps that are followed when an interrupt occurs.

[12 marks]

Q2

i) Draw a 5 state Process Transition Diagram naming all states and illustrating the transitions between these states.

[10 mark]

ii) Apart from normal completion, suggest three reasons why a process might terminate.

[3 mark]

iii) Consider the following set of processes with arrival times and service times given in milliseconds.

Process Name Arrival

Time Service Time

A 0 2 B 2 6 C 4 3 D 5 1

Draw a timeline to show the execution of each of these processes for the following scheduling algorithms:

• Round Robin - time slice (quantum) = 1. OR • Shortest Remaining Time Calculate the turnaround and the normalised turnaround time for each process. [12 Marks]

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Q3 i) Describe how Fixed Partitioning and Dynamic Partitioning may be used to manage

memory. Explain when or if internal and external fragmentation occur in each case. [10 Marks]

ii) Explain how a program is loaded into memory when a paging scheme is used for memory management. Why is paging a better memory management solution than Dynamic Partitioning?

[8 Marks]

iii) Convert the following 16-bit logical address into the 16-bit physical given the 6-bit page number and 10-but offset and using the supplied process page table

0001010111000101 Process Page Table Page Frame

[7 marks]

Q4 i) With the aid of a diagram, briefly describe the structure of a hard disk and explain the terms

seek time, latency, and transfer time. [6 marks]

ii) What are the main differences between the C-Scan and SSTF algorithms used in Disk Scheduling?

[6 marks] iii) For the following track request queue, calculate the head movement for the SSTF and the C-Scan algorithm.

Assume that the head starts at track 152 and is moving toward track 199. Also assume that the drive has 200 tracks numbered 0-199. Request queue: 86, 147, 91, 177, 94, 150, 102, 175, 130 [6 marks]

iv) Explain what is meant by I/O Buffering . What is the advantage of Double Buffering over Single Buffering.

[7marks]

0 000101 1 000110 2 011001 3 010101 4 001100 5 010001

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Q5 i) Name three ways a disk management system might keep track of free space.

[3 marks]

ii) With the aid of a diagram, describe the UNIX block addressing scheme. In your answer, explain what is meant by:

• An i-node • Single indirect addressing • Double indirect addressing • Triple indirect addressing

[16 marks]

iii) Why is the scheme suitable for both large and small file?

[2 marks] iv) If the length of a block is 1Kbyte and each block that acts as an index block can hold 256

block addresses calculate the maximum size of a file. Show how you derived your answer.

[4 marks]

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