Hagia Sophia - Change and Revolutions - Lecture Slides, Slides for History. Allahabad University

History

Description: These are the lecture slides of Change and Revolutions. Key important points are: Hagia Sophia, Crown Jewel of Constantinople, Holy Wisdom, Church of Hagia Sophia, Nika Rebellion, Byzantine Churches, Plain Brick and Mortar, Symbol of Earthly Life, Ideal of Spiritual Universe, East Meets West
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Crown Jewel of Constantinople Church of “Holy Wisdom”

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Church of Hagia Sophia

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• After the Nika Rebellion Justinian undertook to rebuild Constantinople.

• Built in only 5 years (532-537) • Its beauty became renowned - as the sun crossed

the sky, spokes of light spun slowly across the Cathedral’s walls, columns, arches, 7 glittering mosaics

• Everywhere there was polished marble in 6 colors - green, black, red, purple, blue, white

• After the sun set a huge candelabrum, hanging on long chains, blazed to life.

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• Like all Byzantine churches - very plain on the outside.

-Plain brick and mortar - symbol of earthly life and daily world.

-Rich interior - symbol of ideal of spiritual universe. • Dome - 180 feet above the floor, diameter 107 feet

& at its circumference it has 40 stain glassed windows.

• Dual nature - East meets West. - Size and strength - thick pillars and huge enclosed space = reminders of Rome. - Design & decoration - intricate and ornate = Eastern

Influences Docsity.com

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Interior of the Church of Hagia Sophia

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2 distinguished architects - Anthemius of Tralles & Isidorus of Miletus solved a major design problem building the “pendentive”

• The style spread far and wide(Armenia, Southern Italy, Russia, Serbia and Sicily)

• When Constantinople fell to the Islamic Turks, Hagia Sophia became a mosque.

• Today it is a museum - and still one of the greatest buildings ever built.

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Justinian offering Hagia Sophia & Constantine offering Solomon’s Temple to Virgin Mary Docsity.com

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