Organization Theories - Principles of Management - Lecture Slides, Slides for Principles of Management

Principles of Management

Description: Major topics of this course are Applying Motivation, Decision Making, Ethical Issues, External Environment, HRM, Leadership, Motivation, Organization Change, Organization Structure, Organization Theories and Culture, Planning and Control. Key points in this course are: Organization Theories, Management Theories, Management Process, Roots in Psychology, Empirical, Decision Theory, Anthropology, Sociology, Economics, Mathematics
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Organization Theories

Management Theories (I)

Management Process • “Traditional” approach

• Based on Fayol’s functions

Empirical • Case study approach

• Business schools

Human Behavior • Behavioral science approach (individuals and


• Roots in psychology

Management Theories (II)

Social System • Behavioral science (groups & organizations)

• Roots in sociology

Decision Theory • Management as decision making

• Roots in economics

Mathematical • Modeling behavior

• Primarily (not exclusively) operations research

Some Disciplines Contributing

to Management

• Social sciences

• Psychology (industrial, social)

• Sociology

• Anthropology

• Quantitative fields

• Economics

• Finance

• Mathematics

Systems Theory

• 5 related components:

• Input

• Transformation process

• Output

• External environment

• Feedback

• Synergy

• Equilibrium


Systems Model



Transformation Process

F e e d b a ck

Every System is Made up of


• One view:

• Boundary spanning

• Production

• Maintenance

• Adaptation

• Management

• Another view

• Technical

• Structural

• Psychosocial

• Managerial

Systems Theory and

Organization Effectiveness

• How well the organization manages the interaction between internal and external environments

• Three basic principles: • Organizations must have inputs to survive (or

face entropy)

• One system’s output is another system’s input, and vice versa

• Organizations must respond to feedback (remain open, not closed)

Contingency Theory

• There is no “One Best Way” to

manage organizations and people

• Every situation has different


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