Organization Theories - Principles of Management - Lecture Slides, Slides for Management Fundamentals
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dinakar31 August 2013

Organization Theories - Principles of Management - Lecture Slides, Slides for Management Fundamentals

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Major topics of this course are Applying Motivation, Decision Making, Ethical Issues, External Environment, HRM, Leadership, Motivation, Organization Change, Organization Structure, Organization Theories and Culture, Pla...
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Organization Theories

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Management Theories (I)

Management Process • “Traditional” approach

• Based on Fayol’s functions

Empirical • Case study approach

• Business schools

Human Behavior • Behavioral science approach (individuals and

groups)

• Roots in psychology

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Management Theories (II)

Social System • Behavioral science (groups & organizations)

• Roots in sociology

Decision Theory • Management as decision making

• Roots in economics

Mathematical • Modeling behavior

• Primarily (not exclusively) operations research

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Some Disciplines Contributing

to Management

• Social sciences

• Psychology (industrial, social)

• Sociology

• Anthropology

• Quantitative fields

• Economics

• Finance

• Mathematics

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Systems Theory

• 5 related components:

• Input

• Transformation process

• Output

• External environment

• Feedback

• Synergy

• Equilibrium

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Environment

Systems Model

Output

Input

Transformation Process

F e e d b a ck

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Every System is Made up of

Subsystems

• One view:

• Boundary spanning

• Production

• Maintenance

• Adaptation

• Management

• Another view

• Technical

• Structural

• Psychosocial

• Managerial

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Systems Theory and

Organization Effectiveness

• How well the organization manages the interaction between internal and external environments

• Three basic principles: • Organizations must have inputs to survive (or

face entropy)

• One system’s output is another system’s input, and vice versa

• Organizations must respond to feedback (remain open, not closed)

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Contingency Theory

• There is no “One Best Way” to

manage organizations and people

• Every situation has different

requirements

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