Periodni sistem elemenata-Beleska-Hemija-Tehnoloskohemijski fakultet (1), Beleške' predlog Hemija. University of Belgrade

Hemija

Opis: Periodni sistem elemenata,Beleska,Hemija,Tehnoloskohemijski fakultet
Prikazivanje stranica  1  -  2  -  5
Atomic Number
A
tomic Wei
g
h
t
S
y
mbol Ground-State Level
*Electrone
g
ativit
y
(
Paulin
g)
Name
*Densit
y
[Note
]
Ionization Ener
gy
(
eV
)
*Meltin
g
Point
(
°C
)
*Boilin
g
Point
(
°C
)
A
tomic radius
(p
m
)
[Note
]
Cr
stal Structure [Note
]
Electron Confi
g
uration
Possible Oxidation States [Note
]
Phase at STP Common Constant
s
Source: physics.nist.gov
A
bsolute Zer
o
-273.15 °C Gravitation Constan
t
6.67428x10-11 m3 k
g
-1 s-2
tomic Mass Uni
1.660539x10-27
k
g
Molar Gas Constan
t
8.314472 J mol-1 K-1
Categorie
s
A
vo
g
adro Constan
t
6.022142x1023
mol-1 Molar Volume
(
Ideal Gas
)
0.02241410 m3
/
mol
Base of Natural Lo
g
arithms 2.718281828 PI 3.14159265358979
Boltzmann constan
t
1.380650x10-23
J/K Planck Constan
t
6.626069x10-34 J s
Electron Mass 9.10938215x1
0
-31
k
g
Proton-Electron Mass Ratio 1836.15267247
0.5110 MeV R
y
dber
g
Constan
t
10 973 732 m-1
Electron Radius (Classical) 2.8179403x10-15 m 3.289842x1015 Hz
Electron Volt 1.602176x10-19
J13.6057 eV
Elementr
y
Char
g
e1.602176x10-19
CSecond Radiation Constan
t
0.01438769 m K
Farada
y
Constan
t
96 485.3399 C/mol S
p
eed of Li
g
ht in a Vacuum 299 792 458 m/s
fine-structure constan
t
0.0072973525 S
p
eed of sound in air at STP 343.2 m/s
[42] First Radiation Constan
t
3.7417749x1
0
-16
W m2Standard Pressure 101 325 Pa {42}
References:
†Nist.gov, *Wolfram.com (Mathematic),
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
81st Edition, 2000-2001, and other
s
+3 +2,3+2,3+3+3,4 +3 +3 +3 [Rn] 5f13 7s2[Rn] 5f14 7s2[Rn] 5f14 7s2 7p ?
+3 +4 +4,5+3,4,5,6+3,4,5,6 +3,4,5,6 +3,4,5,6
[Rn] 5f9 7s2[Rn] 5f10 7s2[Rn] 5f11 7s2[Rn] 5f12 7s2
--
[Rn] 6d1 7s2[Rn] 6d2 7s2[Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2[Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2[Rn] 5f 4 6d1 7s2[Rn] 5f 6 7s2[Rn] 5f7 7s2[Rn] 5f 7 6d 7s2
--------(m) 170 hex - hex(m) 173 HCP (m) 174 HCP(m) 155 SO (m) 159 §mono. 1627 -
- FCC (m) 179 FCC (m) 163 §tetra (m) 156 BCP 827 -827 -860 -1527 -1050 -900 -1176 2011 1345 3110644 4000 640 3230
-4.9 ?
1050 3200 1750 4820 1572 4000 1135 3927
-6.58 -6.65
-6.42 -6.50
14.78 6.1979 15.1 6.2817
-5.9738 13.51 5.9914
20.45 6.2657 19.816 6.0260 Nobelium Lawrencium
10.07 5.17 11.724 6.3067 15.37 5.89 19.05 6.1941 Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium -
Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Ne
p
tunium Plutonium
A
mericium Curium Berkelium
21/2 ?
1.1 1.3 1.5 1.38 1.36 1.28 1.3 1.3 1.3
27/2 No 1S0Lr
1.3 1.3
3H6Md
1.3 1.3
Es
1.3
415/2 FmBk 615/2 C
f
5I8
A
m87/2 Cm 92
Np 6L11/2 Pu 7F0
103 (262)
Ac 2D3/2 Th 3F2Pa 4K11/2 U56
101 (258) 102 (259)
99 (252) 100 (257)
97 (247) 98 (251)
95 (243) 96 (247)
93 (237) 9
4
(244)
+2,3+2,3+3
(227) 90 232.0381 91 231.0359 92 238.0289
+3,4 +3 +3 +3 [Xe] 4f14 6s2[Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2
+3 +3,4 +3,4 +3 +3 +2,3+2,3+3 [Xe] 4f10 6s2[Xe] 4f11 6s2[Xe] 4f12 6s2[Xe] 4f13 6s2
HCP
[Xe] 5d1 6s2[Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2[Xe] 4f 3 6s2[Xe] 4f4 6s2[Xe] 4f 5 6s2[Xe] 4f6 6s2[Xe] 4f7 6s2[Xe] 4f 7 5d1 6s2[Xe] 4f9 6s2
HCP (m) 176 FCC (m) 174HCP (m) 176 HCP (m) 176HCP (m) 178 HCP (m) 176BCC (m) 180 HCP (m) 177HCP (m) 180 §hex (m) 180 3402
(m) 187 §hex (m) 182 FCC (m) 182 §hex (m) 181 §hex (m) 183 1950 819 1196 16632700 1497 2868 15453230 1412 2567 14741527 1313 3250 13563000 1072 1803 822 5.4259
920 3464 798 3360 931 3290 1021 3100 1100 6.1843 6.57 6.2542 9.841
6.0215 9.066 6.1077 9.321
5.8638 8.551 5.9389 8.795
5.6704 7.901 6.1498 8.219
5.582 7.353 5.6437 5.244 Lutetium
6.146 5.5769 6.689 5.5387 6.64 5.473 7.01 5.5250 7.264 Holmium Erbium Thulium
Y
tterbiumEuro
p
ium Gadolinium Terbium D
y
s
p
rosiumPraseod
y
mium Neod
y
mium Promethium Samarium
Y
b1S0Lu 2D3/2
- 1.27
Er 3H6Tm 27/2
1.24 1.25
D
y
5I8Ho 415/2
1.22 1.23
Gd 92Tb 615/2
1.20 -
Sm 7F0Eu 87/2
1.17 -
Nd 5I4Pm 65/2
1.14 -
Ce 14Pr 49/2
1.12 1.13
70 173.04 71 174.967
68 167.259 69 168.93421
66 162.500 67 164.93032
6
4
157.25 65 158.92534
62 150.36 63 151.964
Actinides
89
58 140.116
Cerium
Lanthanides
57 138.9055
La 2D3/2
1.10
Lanthanum
59 140.90765 60 144.24 61 (145)
+1+2+4
[
Rn
]
7s1
[
Rn
]
7s2
[
Rn
]
5f14 6d2 7s2 ?
---BCC
--700 1737
Ununse
p
tium Ununoctium
-4.0727 55.2784 6.0 ? Ununtrium Unun
q
uadium Unun
p
entium UnunhexiumMeitnerium Darmstadtium Roent
g
enium Co
p
erniciumDubnium Seabor
g
ium Bohrium Hassium Uuo
0.7 0.9 Uuq Uup Uuh Uus
UutDs R
g
Hs Mt 117 11811
5
11
6
(292)
113 11
4
(289)
111 (272) 112 (285)
109 (268) 110 (281)
107 (264) 108 (277)
10
5
(262) 10
6
(266)(226)
Actinide
Series
10
4
(261)
Ra 1S0R
f
3F2 ?
Radium Rutherfordium
7
87 (223) 88
Fr 2S1/2
Francium
+3,5 +2,4+1,3,5,7,-10+1,3+1,2+1,3 +2,4
[
H
g]
6
p
6
+1+2+4+5+2,3,4,5,6+2,4,6,7,-1 +2,3,4,6,8 +2,3,4,6 +2,4
[
H
g]
6
p
2
[
H
g]
6
p
3
[
H
g]
6
p
4
[
H
g]
6
p
5
[
Xe
]
4f14
5d9
6s1
[
Xe
]
4f14 5d10 6s1
[
Xe
]
4f14
5d10
6s2
[
H
g]
6
p
1
(v) 145 -
[
Xe
]
6s1
[
Xe
]
6s2
[
Xe
]
4f14 5d2 6s2
[
Xe
]
4f14 5d3 6s2
[
Xe
]
4f14
5d4
6s2
[
Xe
]
4f14
5d5
6s2
[
Xe
]
4f14
5d6
6s2
[
Xe
]
4f14
5d7
6s2
- §cubic - - (m) 175 FCC (v) 146 §rhom.(m) 151 §rhom. (m) 170 HCP(m) 139 FCC (m) 144 FCC(m) 135 HCP (m) 136 FCC(m) 139 BCC (m) 137 HCP -71 -61.7
(m) 265 BCC (m) 222 BCC (m) 159 HCP (m) 146 BCC 254 962 302 -327.46 1749 271.3 1564-38.83 356.73 304 14731768.3 3825 1064.18 28563033 5012 2466 44283422 5555 3186 5596
9.73 10.7485
28.44 671 727 1870 2233 4603 3017 5458
9.196 8.414 --
11.34 7.4167 9.78 7.2855
13.534 10.4375 11.85 6.1082
21.09 8.9588 19.3 9.2255
22.61 8.4382 22.65 8.9670
19.25 7.8640 21.02 7.8335
13.31 6.8251 16.65 7.5496
1.879 3.8939 3.51 5.2117 Bismuth Polonium
A
statin
e
RadonGold Mercur
y
Thallium Lead -
Cesium Barium Hafnium Tantalum Tun
g
sten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Rn 1S0
0.79 0.89 1.3 1.5 2.36 1.9 2.2 2.2 Po 3P2
A
t23/2
2.0 2.2
Pb 3P0Bi 43/2
2.33 2.02
H
g
1S0Tl 21/2
2 1.62
Pt 3D3
A
u2S1/2
2.28 2.54
Os 5D4Ir 4F9/2
W5D0Re 6S5/2
H
f
3F2Ta 4F3/2
Cs 2S1/2 Ba 1S0
85 (210) 86 (222)
83 208.98038 8
4
(209)
81 204.3833 82 207.2
79 196.96655 80 200.59
77 192.217 78 195.078
75 186.207 76 190.23
73 180.9479 7
4
183.84
+1,5,7,-10
6
55 132.90545 56 137.327
Lanthanide Series
72 178.49
+3+2,4+3,5,-3+2,4,6,-2+2,3,4 +2,4 +1+2
[
Kr
]
4d10
5s2
5
p
5
[
Kr
]
4d10 5s2 5
p
6
+1+2+3+4+3,5 +2,3,4,5,6+4,7+2,3,4,6,8
[
Kr
]
4d10
5s2
5
p
1
[
Kr
]
4d10
5s2
5
p
2
[
Kr
]
4d10
5s2
5
p
3
[
Kr
]
4d10
5s2
5
p
4
[
Kr
]
4d8
5s1
[
Kr
]
4d10
[
Kr
]
4d10 5s1
[
Kr
]
4d10
5s2
[
Kr
]
4d4 5s1
[
Kr
]
4d5
5s1
[
Kr
]
4d5
5s2
[
Kr
]
4d7
5s1
[
Kr
]
5s1
[
Kr
]
5s2
[
Kr
]
4d1 5s2
[
Kr
]
4d2 5s2
(v) 133 BCO (v) 130 - (v) 138 §rhom. (v) 135 hex(m) 167 §tetra. (v) 141 §tetra.(m) 144 FCC (m) 151 §hex(m) 134 FCC (m) 137 FCC(m) 136 HCP (m) 134 HCP(m) 146 BCC (m) 139 BCC(m) 180 HCP (m) 160 HCP(m) 248 BCC (m) 215 FCC 113.7 184.3 -111.8 -108630.63 1587 449.51 988156.6 2072 231.93 2602961.78 2162 321.07 7671964 3695 1554.9 29632157 4265 2334 41502477 4744 2623 46391526 3345 1855 440939.31 688 777 1382
4.94 10.4513 5.9 12.1298
6.697 8.6084 6.24 9.0096
7.31 5.7864 7.31 7.3439
10.49 7.5762 8.65 8.9938
12.45 7.4589 12.023 8.3369
11.5 7.28 12.37 7.3605
8.57 6.7589 10.28 7.0924 Iodine Xenon
1.532 4.1771 2.63 5.6949 4.472 6.2173 6.511 6.6339 Indium Tin
A
ntimon
y
TelluriumRhodium Palladium Silve
r
CadmiumNiobium Mol
y
bdenum Technetium RutheniumRubidium Strontium
Y
ttrium Zirconium
0.82 0.95 1.22 1.33 I23/2 Xe 1S0
2.66 2.60
Sb 43/2 Te 3P2
2.05 2.10
In 21/2 Sn 3P0
1.78 1.96
Ag
2S1/2 Cd 1S0
1.93 1.69
Rh 4F9/2 Pd 1S0
2.28 2.20
Tc 6S5/2 Ru 5F5
1.9 2.20
Nb 6D1/2 Mo 7S3
1.60 2.16
5
4
131.293
Rb 2S1/2 Sr 1S0
Y
2D3/2 Zr 3F2
52 127.60 53 126.90447
50 118.710 51 121.760
48 112.411 49 114.818
46 106.42 47 107.8682
4
4
101.07 45 102.90550
42 95.94 43 (98)
40 91.224 41 92.90638
+2,4,6,-2 +1,5,-10
5
37 85.4678 38 87.62 39 88.90585
+2+3+2,4+3,5,-3+2,3+2,3 +2,3+1,2
[
Ar
]
3d10
4s2
4
p
4
[
Ar
]
3d10
4s2
4
p
5
[
Ar
]
3d10 4s2 4
p
6
+1+2+3+2,3,4+2,3,4,5+2,3,6 +2,3,4,6,7
[
Ar
]
3d10
4s2
[
Ar
]
3d10
4s2
4
p
1
[
Ar
]
3d10
4s2
4
p
2
[
Ar
]
3d10
4s2
4
p
3
[
Ar
]
3d6
4s2
[
Ar
]
3d7
4s2
[
Ar
]
3d8
4s2
[
Ar
]
3d10 4s1
BCO (v) 110 -
[
Ar
]
4s1
[
Ar
]
4s2
[
Ar
]
3d1 4s2
[
Ar
]
3d2 4s2
[
Ar
]
3d3 4s2
[
Ar
]
3d5
4s1
[
Ar
]
3d5
4s2
rhom. (v) 116 §hex (v) 114§BCO (v) 122 §cubic (v) 119FCC (m) 134 §hex (m) 135HCP (m) 124 FCC (m) 128§cubic (m) 126 BCC (m) 125BCC (m) 128 BCC (m) 127 -153.22
(m) 227 BCC (m) 197 FCC (m) 162 HCP (m) 147 HCP (m) 134 685 -7.3 59 -157.362820 817 614 221907 29.76 2204 938.32913 1084.62 2927 419.532861 1495 2927 14552671 1246 2061 15383287 1910 3407 19071484 1541 2830 1668
3.12 11.8138 3.75 13.9996
5.727 9.7886 4.819 9.7524
5.904 5.9993 5.323 7.8994
8.92 7.7264 7.14 9.3942
8.9 7.8810 8.908 7.6398
7.47 7.4340 7.874 7.9024
6.11 6.7462 7.14 6.7665 Bromine Kr
yp
ton
0.856 4.3407 1.55 6.1132 2.985 6.5615 4.507 6.8281 Gallium Germanium
A
rsenic SeleniumCobalt Nickel Co
pp
er Zinc 2.96 3
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Man
g
anese Iron
23/2 Kr 1S0
0.82 1.00 1.36 1.54 1.63 1.66 1.55
43/2 Se 3P2Br
2.18 2.55
21/2 Ge 3P0
A
s
1.81 2.01
2S1/2 Zn 1S0Ga
1.90 1.65
4F9/2 Ni 3F4Cu
1.88 1.91
Fe 5D4Co
1.83
Cr 7S3Mn 6S5/2
Ti 3F2V4F3/2
Ca 1S0Sc 2D3/2
35 79.904 36 83.798
33 74.92160 3
4
78.96
31 69.723 32 72.64
29 63.546 30 65.409
27 58.933200 28 58.6934
25 54.938049 26 55.845
23 50.9415 2
4
51.9961
21 44.955910 22 47.867
4
19 39.0983 20
63.38 759 842
40.078
K2S1/2
[
Ne
]
3s2 3
p
6
+1+2+3+2,4,-4 +3,4,5,-3 +2,4,6,-2 +1,3,5,7,-10
10
VIII
- (v) 97 -
[
Ne
]
3s1
[
Ne
]
3s2
[
Ne
]
3s2
3
p
1
[
Ne
]
3s2
3
p
2
[
Ne
]
3s2
3
p
3
[
Ne
]
3s2
3
p
4
[
Ne
]
3s2
3
p
5
§(v) 102 FCO (v) 99FCC (v) 111 cubic (v) 106
11
IB 12
IIB
(m) 143
6
VIB 7
VIIB 8
VIII 9
VIII
-34.04 -189.3 -185.8
(m) 186 BCC (m) 160 HCP 3
IIIB 4
IVB 5
VB
280.5 115.21 444.72 -101.52519 1414 2900 44.2 12.9676 1.784 15.7596
97.72 883 650 1090
2
π
h
c
2660.32 10.4867 1.96 10.3600 3.214
5.9858 2.33 8.1517 1.823
A
r
g
on
0.968 5.1391 1.738 7.6462 Poor Metals Metalloids
α
2.7
-
Sodium Ma
g
nesium F
c
A
luminum Silicon Phos
p
horus Sulfur Chlorine
A
r1S0
0.93 1.31 Rare Earth Metals e ch/
k
1.61 1.90 2.19 S3P2Cl 23/2
2.58 3.16
Si 3P0P43/2
eV
R
h
c
A
l21/2
Na 2S1/2 M
g
1S0
17 35.453 18 39.948
15 30.97361 16 32.065
13 26.981538 1
4
28.0855
0
3
11 22.989770 12 24.3050 Transition Metals Non Metals r0 Rc
[
He
]
2s2 2
p
6
+1+2me
c
2
R
+3+2,4,-4 +2,3,4,5,-2,-3-2-1
[
He
]
2s2
2
p
2
[
He
]
2s2
2
p
3
[
He
]
2s2
2
p
4
[
He
]
2s2
2
p
5
- (v) 69 -
[
He
]
2s1
[
He
]
2s2Alkaline Earth
Metals Halogens meme/mp
[
He
]
2s2
2
p
1
- (v) 73 - (v) 71rhom. (v) 77 hex (v) 75 -188.12 -248.59 -246.08
(m) 152 BCC (m) 112 HCP kh(v) 82 -195.79 -218.3 -182.9 -219.64000 3550 4027 -210.1 21.5645
180.54 1342 1287 2470 Alkali Metals Noble Gas ep2075 13.6181 1.696 17.4228 0.9
11.2603 1.251 14.5341 1.429 Fluorine Neon
0.535 5.3917 1.848 9.3227 2.46 8.2980 2.26
3.98 -
Lithium Ber
y
llium mu
R
Boron Carbon Nitro
g
en Ox
yg
en
23/2 Ne 1S0
0.98 1.57 Gas Liquid Solid Synthetic
3P2F
3.04 3.442.04 2.55
43/2 O20.1797
2S1/2 Be 1S0B
G
21/2 C3P0N15.9994 918.9984032 10
12.0107 714.0067 8
9.012182 510.811 6
2
36.941 4
-
1s11s11s2
17
VIIA
0.1785 24.5874
-259.14 -252.87
0
-259.14 -252.87 -
(v) 32
13
IIIA 14
IVA 15
VA 16
VIA
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H
y
dro
g
en H
y
dro
g
en Helium
2
IIA
0.0899 13.5984
(v) 37 FCC
+1,-1
-268.93
He 1S0
2.2 2.2 -
H2S1/2 H2S1/2
11.00794 24.002602
Period
1
11.00794
0.0899 13.5984
(v) 37 -
+1,-1
Li
Periodic Table of the Elements
GROUP 1
IA 18
VIIIA
Notes:
- Density units are g/cm3 for solids and g/L or kg/cm3 at
0° Celsius for gases
- Atomic Weight based on 12C
- ( ) indicate mass number of most stable isotope
- Common Oxidation States in bold
- Electron Config. based on IUPAC guidelines
- § indicates crystal structure is unusual or may require
explanation
- (m) Metallic radius, (v) Covalent radius
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Cn
Periodic Table of the Element
s
Db S
g
Bh