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ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100% CORRECT Already Passed., Exams of Nursing

ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100% CORRECT Already Passed.ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24latest 100% CORRECT Already Passed.ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100% CORRECT Already Passed.ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100% CORRECT Already Passed.

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Download ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100% CORRECT Already Passed. and more Exams Nursing in PDF only on Docsity! ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100%CORRECT Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support Exam Version A (50 questions) Please do not mark on this exam. Record the best answer on the separate answer sheet. 1. You find an unresponsive patient who is not breathing. After activating the emergency response system, you determine that there is no pulse. What is your next action? A. Open the airway with a head tilt–chin lift. B. Administer epinephrine at a dose of 1 mg/kg. C. Deliver 2 rescue breaths each over 1 second. D. Start chest compressions at a rate of at least 100/min. 2. You are evaluating a 58-year-old man with chest pain. The blood pressure is 92/50 mm Hg, the heart rate is 92/min, the nonlabored respiratory rate is 14 breaths/min, and the pulse oximetry reading is 97%. What assessment step is most important now? A. PETCO2 B. Chest x-ray C. Laboratory testing D. Obtaining a 12-lead ECG 3. What is the preferred method of access for epinephrine administration during cardiac arrest in most patients? A. Intraosseous B. Endotracheal C. Central intravenous D. Peripheral intravenous 4. An activated AED does not promptly analyze the rhythm. What is your next action? A. Begin chest compressions. B. Discontinue the resuscitation attempt. C. Check all AED connections and reanalyze. D. Rotate AED electrodes to an alternate position. ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100%CORRECT 5. You have completed 2 minutes of CPR. The ECG monitor displays the lead II rhythm below, and the patient has no pulse. Another member of your team resumes chest compressions, and an IV is in place. What management step is your next priority? A. Give 0.5 mg of atropine. B. Insert an advanced airway. C. Administer 1 mg of epinephrine. D. Administer a dopamine infusion. 6. During a pause in CPR, you see this lead II ECG rhythm on the monitor. The patient has no pulse. What is the next action? A. Establish vascular access. B. Obtain the patient’s history. C. Resume chest compressions. D. Terminate the resuscitative effort. 7. What is a common but sometimes fatal mistake in cardiac arrest management? A. Failure to obtain vascular access B. Prolonged periods of no ventilations C. Failure to perform endotracheal intubation D. Prolonged interruptions in chest compressions 8. Which action is a component of high-quality chest compressions? A. Allowing complete chest recoil B. Chest compressions without ventilation C. 60 to 100 compressions per minute with a 15:2 ratio D. Uninterrupted compressions at a depth of 1½ inches ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100%CORRECT C. Rapid medication administration D. Preparation for therapeutic hypothermia ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100%CORRECT 20. Which drug and dose are recommended for the management of a patient in refractory ventricular fibrillation? A. Atropine 2 mg B. Amiodarone 300 mg C. Vasopressin 1 mg/kg D. Dopamine 2 mg/kg per minute 21. What is the appropriate interval for an interruption in chest compressions? A. 10 seconds or less B. 10 to 15 seconds C. 15 to 20 seconds D. Interruptions are never acceptable 22. Which of the following is a sign of effective CPR? A. PETCO2 ≥10 mm Hg B. Measured urine output of 1 mL/kg per hour C. Patient temperature >32°C (89.6°F) D. Diastolic intra-arterial pressure <20 mm Hg 23. What is the primary purpose of a medical emergency team (MET) or rapid response team (RRT)? A. Identifying and treating early clinical deterioration B. Rapidly intervening with patients admitted through emergency department triage C. Responding to patients during a disaster or multiple-patient situation D. Responding to patients after activation of the emergency response system 24. Which action improves the quality of chest compressions delivered during a resuscitation attempt? A. Observe ECG rhythm to determine depth of compressions. B. Do not allow the chest to fully recoil with each compression. C. Compress the upper half of the sternum at a rate of 150 compressions per minute. D. Switch providers about every 2 minutes or every 5 compression cycles. 25. What is the appropriate ventilation strategy for an adult in respiratory arrest with a pulse rate of 80/min? ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100%CORRECT A. 1 breath every 3 to 4 seconds B. 1 breath every 5 to 6 seconds C. 2 breaths every 5 to 6 seconds D. 2 breaths every 6 to 8 seconds ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100%CORRECT B. Epinephrine IV infusion C. Application of a transcutaneous pacemaker D. Simple airway maneuvers and assisted ventilation ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100%CORRECT 34. What is the appropriate procedure for endotracheal tube suctioning after the appropriate catheter is selected? A. Suction during insertion but for no longer than 30 seconds. B. Suction the mouth and nose for no longer than 30 seconds. C. Suction during withdrawal but for no longer than 10 seconds. D. Hyperventilate before catheter insertion, and then suction during withdrawal. 35. While treating a patient with dizziness, a blood pressure of 68/30 mm Hg, and cool, clammy skin, you see this lead II ECG rhythm: What is the most appropriate first intervention? A. Aspirin B. Atropine C. Lidocaine D. Nitroglycerin 36. A 68-year-old woman experienced a sudden onset of right arm weakness. EMS personnel measure a blood pressure of 140/90 mm Hg, a heart rate of 78/min, a nonlabored respiratory rate of 14 breaths/min, and a pulse oximetry reading of 97%. The lead II ECG displays sinus rhythm. What is the most appropriate action for the EMS team to perform next? A. 12-lead ECG assessment B. Administration of 100% supplementary oxygen C. Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale assessment D. Administration of a low-dose aspirin 37. EMS is transporting a patient with a positive prehospital stroke assessment. Upon arrival in the emergency department, the initial blood pressure is 138/78 mm Hg, the pulse rate is 80/min, the respiratory rate is 12 breaths/min, and the pulse oximetry reading is 95% on room air. The lead II ECG displays sinus rhythm. The blood glucose level is within normal limits. What intervention should you perform next? A. Head CT scan B. Transfer to the stroke unit C. Immediate rtPA administration ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100%CORRECT D. Administration of 100% oxygen ACLS Exam Version A&B questions and answers 2023/24 latest 100%CORRECT B. 500 to 1000 mL C. 1 to 2 L D. 2 to 3 L ACLS Exam Version B 2023-2024 questions with answers graded A++. 49. What is the minimum systolic blood pressure one should attempt to achieve with fluid, inotropic, or vasopressor administration in a hypotensive post–cardiac arrest patient who achieves ROSC? A. 90 mm Hg B. 85 mm Hg C. 80 mm Hg D. 75 mm Hg 50. What is the first treatment priority for a patient who achieves ROSC? A. Coronary reperfusion B. Therapeutic hypothermia C. Maintaining blood glucose <185 mg/dL D. Optimizing ventilation and oxygenation ACLS Exam Version B 2023-2024 questions with answers graded A++. Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support Exam Version B (50 questions) Please do not mark on this exam. Record the best answer on the separate answer sheet. 1. What should be done to minimize interruptions in chest compressions during CPR? A. Perform pulse checks only after defibrillation. B. Continue CPR while the defibrillator is charging. C. Administer IV medications only when breaths are given. D. Continue to use AED even after the arrival of a manual defibrillator. 2. Which condition is an indication to stop or withhold resuscitative efforts? A. Unwitnessed arrest B. Safety threat to providers C. Patient age greater than 85 years D. No return of spontaneous circulation after 10 minutes of CPR 3. After verifying the absence of a pulse, you initiate CPR with adequate bag-mask ventilation. The patient’s lead II ECG appears below. What is your next action? ACLS Exam Version B 2023-2024 questions with answers graded A++. B. administer a second shock. C. administer epinephrine. D. insert an advanced airway. ACLS Exam Version B 2023-2024 questions with answers graded A++. 10. What is the recommended next step after a defibrillation attempt? A. Open the patient’s airway. B. Determine if a carotid pulse is present. C. Check the ECG for evidence of a rhythm. D. Begin CPR, starting with chest compressions. 11. Which of the following is the recommended first choice for establishing intravenous access during the attempted resuscitation of a patient in cardiac arrest? A. Subclavian vein B. Antecubital vein C. Intraosseous line D. Internal jugular vein 12. What is the recommended first intravenous dose of amiodarone for a patient with refractory ventricular fibrillation? A. 1 mg B. 1 mg/kg C. 1 mEq/kg D. 300 mg 13. IV/IO drug administration during CPR should be A. given rapidly during compressions. B. administered slowly during the pause for a pulse check. C. given by infusion. D. given before any defibrillation attempts. 14. How often should the team leader switch chest compressors during a resuscitation attempt? A. Every minute B. Every 2 minutes C. Every 3 minutes D. Every 4 minutes 15. Which finding is a sign of ineffective CPR? A. PETCO2 <10 mm Hg B. Patient temperature >32°C (89.6°F) ACLS Exam Version B 2023-2024 questions with answers graded A++. C. Diastolic intra-arterial pressure ≥20 mm Hg D. Measured patient urine output of 1 mL/kg per hour 22. A patient with pulseless ventricular tachycardia is defibrillated. What is the next action? A. Check for a pulse. B. Administer an IV antiarrhythmic. C. Start chest compressions at a rate of at least 100/min. D. Repeat the unsynchronized shock, increasing to 200 J. 23. You have completed your first 2-minute period of CPR. You see an organized, nonshockable rhythm on the ECG monitor. What is the next action? A. Administer normal saline at 20 mL/kg. B. Administer epinephrine at 1 mg/kg IV. C. Obtain a blood pressure and oxygen saturation. D. Have a team member attempt to palpate a carotid pulse. 24. Emergency medical responders are unable to obtain a peripheral IV for a patient in cardiac arrest. What is the next most preferred route for drug administration? A. Intraosseous (IO) B. Endotracheal (ET) C. Intramuscular (IM) D. Central venous access 25. What is the appropriate rate of chest compressions for an adult in cardiac arrest? A. At least 150/min B. At least 100/min C. Approximately 100/min D. Approximately 120/min 26. You are receiving a radio report from an EMS team en route with a patient who may be having an acute stroke. The hospital CT scanner is not working at this time. What should you do in this situation? A. Contact the patient’s family to see what they would prefer. B. Have the EMS crew choose an appropriate patient disposition. C. Accept the report and provide care within your present capability. D. Divert the patient to a hospital 15 minutes away with CT capabilities. 27. A 53-year-old man has shortness of breath, chest discomfort, and weakness. The patient’s blood pressure is 102/59 mm Hg, the heart rate is 230/min, the respiratory rate is 16 breaths/min, and the pulse oximetry reading is 96%. The lead II ECG is displayed below. A patent peripheral IV is in place. What is the next action? A. Acquisition of a 12-lead ECG B. Vagal maneuvers C. Procedural sedation D. Immediate defibrillation 28. A 49-year-old man has retrosternal chest pain radiating into the left arm. The patient is diaphoretic, with associated shortness of breath. The blood pressure is 130/88 mm Hg, the heart rate is 110/min, the respiratory rate is 22 breaths/min, and the pulse oximetry value is 95%. The patient’s 12-lead ECG shows ST- segment elevation in the anterior leads. First responders administered 160 mg of aspirin, and there is a patent peripheral IV. The pain is described as an 8 on a scale of 1 to 10 and is unrelieved after 3 doses of nitroglycerin. What is the next action? A. Administer an additional dose of aspirin. B. Administer an additional nitroglycerin tablet. C. Administer high-flow oxygen via an oxygen mask. D. Administer 2 to 4 mg of morphine by slow IV bolus. 29. A 56-year-old man reports that he has palpitations but not chest pain or difficulty breathing. The blood pressure is 132/68 mm Hg, the pulse is 130/min and regular, the respiratory rate is 12 breaths/min, and the pulse oximetry reading is 95%. The lead II ECG displays a wide-complex tachycardia. What is the next action after establishing an IV and obtaining a 12-lead ECG? A. Administration of IV epinephrine B. Seeking expert consultation C. Procedural sedation D. Synchronized cardioversion 30. A postoperative patient in the ICU reports new chest pain. What actions have the highest priority? A. Administer an IV fluid bolus and obtain arterial blood gas. B. Start dopamine at 2 mcg/kg per minute and obtain a chest x-ray. C. Send blood to the laboratory for chemistry and cardiac enzymes. 34. What is the most appropriate intervention for a rapidly deteriorating patient who has this lead II ECG? A. Valsalva maneuver B. Synchronized cardioversion C. Intravenous administration of adenosine D. Immediate unsynchronized countershock 35. What is the purpose of a medical emergency team (MET) or rapid response team (RRT)? A. Providing online consultation to EMS personnel in the field B. Providing diagnostic consultation to emergency department patients C. Improving care for deteriorating patients admitted to critical care units D. Improving patient outcomes by identifying and treating early clinical deterioration 36. What is the recommended assisted ventilation rate for patients in respiratory arrest with a perfusing rhythm? A. 4 to 6 breaths per minute B. 10 to 12 breaths per minute C. 14 to 16 breaths per minute D. 16 to 18 breaths per minute 37. You are evaluating a 58-year-old man with chest pain. The blood pressure is 92/50 mm Hg, the heart rate is 92/min, the nonlabored respiratory rate is 14 breaths/min, and the pulse oximetry reading is 97%. What assessment step is most important now? A. PETCO2 B. Chest x-ray C. Laboratory testing D. Obtaining a 12-lead ECG 38. Family members found a 45-year-old woman unresponsive in bed. The patient is unconscious and in respiratory arrest. What is the recommended initial airway management technique? A. Placing a nasopharyngeal airway B. Using an advanced airway device C. Performing a head tilt–chin lift maneuver D. Performing a jaw thrust without head extension 39. A patient in respiratory distress and with a blood pressure of 70/50 mm Hg presents with the following lead II ECG rhythm: What is the appropriate next intervention? A. Defibrillation B. Amiodarone 150 mg IV C. Adenosine 6 mg IV push D. Synchronized cardioversion 40. A patient has a witnessed loss of consciousness. The lead II ECG reveals this rhythm: What is the appropriate next intervention? A. Defibrillation B. Adenosine 6 mg IV push C. Epinephrine 1 mg IV push D. Synchronized cardioversion 41. What is the recommended energy dose for biphasic synchronized cardioversion of atrial fibrillation? A. 50 to 75 J B. 75 to 100 J C. 120 to 200 J D. 200 to 300 J
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