Adxl330 0, Degree thesis for Microprocessor and Assembly Language Programming. University of Mumbai
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Adxl330 0, Degree thesis for Microprocessor and Assembly Language Programming. University of Mumbai

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ADXL330 Small, Low Power, 3-Axis ±3 g i MEMS® Accelerometer Data Sheet (Rev. 0)

Small, Low Power, 3-Axis ±3 g i MEMS® Accelerometer

ADXL330

Rev. 0 Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications subject to change without notice. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices. Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A. Tel: 781.329.4700 www.analog.com Fax: 781.461.3113 ©2006 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.

FEATURES 3-axis sensing Small, low-profile package

4 mm × 4 mm × 1.45 mm LFCSP Low power

200 μA at VS = 2.0 V (typical) Single-supply operation

2.0 V to 3.6 V 10,000 g shock survival Excellent temperature stability BW adjustment with a single capacitor per axis RoHS/WEEE lead-free compliant

APPLICATIONS Cost-sensitive, low power, motion- and tilt-sensing applications

Mobile devices Gaming systems Disk drive protection Image stabilization Sports and health devices

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

The ADXL330 is a small, thin, low power, complete three axis accelerometer with signal conditioned voltage outputs, all on a single monolithic IC. The product measures acceleration with a minimum full-scale range of ±3 g. It can measure the static acceleration of gravity in tilt-sensing applications, as well as dynamic acceleration resulting from motion, shock, or vibration.

The user selects the bandwidth of the accelerometer using the CX, CY, and CZ capacitors at the XOUT, YOUT, and ZOUT pins. Bandwidths can be selected to suit the application, with a range of 0.5 Hz to 1,600 Hz for X and Y axes, and a range of 0.5 Hz to 550 Hz for the Z axis.

The ADXL330 is available in a small, low-profile, 4 mm × 4 mm × 1.45 mm, 16-lead, plastic lead frame chip scale package (LFCSP_LQ).

FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM 05 67 7- 00 1

3-AXIS SENSOR

AC AMP DEMOD

OUTPUT AMP

OUTPUT AMP

OUTPUT AMP

VS

COM ST

XOUT

YOUT

ZOUT

+3V

CX

CY

CZ

ADXL330 RFILT

RFILT

RFILT CDC

Figure 1.

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 2 of 16

TABLE OF CONTENTS Features .............................................................................................. 1

Applications....................................................................................... 1

General Description ......................................................................... 1

Functional Block Diagram .............................................................. 1

Revision History ............................................................................... 2

Specifications..................................................................................... 3

Absolute Maximum Ratings............................................................ 4

ESD Caution.................................................................................. 4

Pin Configuration and Function Descriptions............................. 5

Typical Performance Characteristics ............................................. 6

Theory of Operation ...................................................................... 11

Mechanical Sensor...................................................................... 11

Performance................................................................................ 11

Applications..................................................................................... 12

Power Supply Decoupling ......................................................... 12

Setting the Bandwidth Using CX, CY and CZ ........................... 12

Self-Test ....................................................................................... 12

Design Trade-Offs for Selecting Filter Characteristics: The Noise/BW Trade-Off.................................................................. 12

Use with Operating Voltages Other than 3 V............................. 12

Axes of Acceleration Sensitivity ............................................... 13

Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 14

Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 14

REVISION HISTORY

3/06—Revision 0: Initial Version

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 3 of 16

SPECIFICATIONS TA = 25°C, VS = 3 V, CX = CY = CZ = 0.1 μF, acceleration = 0 g, unless otherwise noted. All minimum and maximum specifications are guaranteed. Typical specifications are not guaranteed.

Table 1. Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Unit SENSOR INPUT Each axis

Measurement Range ±3 ±3.6 g

Nonlinearity % of full scale ±0.3 % Package Alignment Error ±1 Degrees Inter-Axis Alignment Error ±0.1 Degrees Cross Axis Sensitivity1 ±1 %

SENSITIVITY (RATIOMETRIC)2 Each axis Sensitivity at XOUT, YOUT, ZOUT VS = 3 V 270 300 330 mV/g Sensitivity Change Due to Temperature3 VS = 3 V ±0.015 %/°C

ZERO g BIAS LEVEL (RATIOMETRIC) Each axis 0 g Voltage at XOUT, YOUT, ZOUT VS = 3 V 1.2 1.5 1.8 V 0 g Offset vs. Temperature ±1 mg/°C

NOISE PERFORMANCE Noise Density XOUT, YOUT 280 μg/√Hz rms Noise Density ZOUT 350 μg/√Hz rms

FREQUENCY RESPONSE4 Bandwidth XOUT, YOUT5 No external filter 1600 Hz

Bandwidth ZOUT5 No external filter 550 Hz

RFILT Tolerance 32 ± 15% kΩ Sensor Resonant Frequency 5.5 kHz

SELF-TEST6 Logic Input Low +0.6 V Logic Input High +2.4 V

ST Actuation Current +60 μA Output Change at XOUT Self-test 0 to 1 −150 mV Output Change at YOUT Self-test 0 to 1 +150 mV Output Change at ZOUT Self-test 0 to 1 −60 mV

OUTPUT AMPLIFIER Output Swing Low No load 0.1 V Output Swing High No load 2.8 V

POWER SUPPLY Operating Voltage Range 2.0 3.6 V Supply Current VS = 3 V 320 μA

Turn-On Time7 No external filter 1 ms TEMPERATURE

Operating Temperature Range −25 +70 °C 1 Defined as coupling between any two axes. 2 Sensitivity is essentially ratiometric to VS. 3 Defined as the output change from ambient-to-maximum temperature or ambient-to-minimum temperature. 4 Actual frequency response controlled by user-supplied external filter capacitors (CX, CY, CZ). 5 Bandwidth with external capacitors = 1/(2 × π × 32 kΩ × C). For CX, CY = 0.003 μF, bandwidth = 1.6 kHz. For CZ = 0.01 μF, bandwidth = 500 Hz. For CX, CY, CZ = 10 μF,

bandwidth = 0.5 Hz. 6 Self-test response changes cubically with VS. 7 Turn-on time is dependent on CX, CY, CZ and is approximately 160 × CX or CY or CZ + 1 ms, where CX, CY, CZ are in μF.

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 4 of 16

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Table 2. Parameter Rating Acceleration (Any Axis, Unpowered) 10,000 g Acceleration (Any Axis, Powered) 10,000 g VS −0.3 V to +7.0 V All Other Pins (COM − 0.3 V) to (VS + 0.3 V) Output Short-Circuit Duration

(Any Pin to Common) Indefinite

Temperature Range (Powered) −55°C to +125°C Temperature Range (Storage) −65°C to +150°C

Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only; functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.

05 67 7- 00 2

tP

tL

t25°C TO PEAK

tS PREHEAT

CRITICAL ZONE TL TO TP

TE M

PE R

A TU

R E

TIME

RAMP-DOWN

RAMP-UP

TSMIN

TSMAX

TP

TL

Figure 2. Recommended Soldering Profile

Table 3. Recommended Soldering Profile Profile Feature Sn63/Pb37 Pb-Free Average Ramp Rate (TL to TP) 3°C/s max 3°C/s max Preheat

Minimum Temperature (TSMIN) 100°C 150°C Maximum Temperature (TSMAX) 150°C 200°C Time (TSMIN to TSMAX), tS 60 s to 120 s 60 s to 180 s

TSMAX to TL Ramp-Up Rate 3°C/s max 3°C/s max

Time Maintained Above Liquidous (TL) Liquidous Temperature (TL) 183°C 217°C Time (tL) 60 s to 150 s 60 s to 150 s

Peak Temperature (TP) 240°C + 0°C/−5°C 260°C + 0°C/−5°C Time within 5°C of Actual Peak Temperature (tP) 10 s to 30 s 20 s to 40 s Ramp-Down Rate 6°C/s max 6°C/s max Time 25°C to Peak Temperature 6 minutes max 8 minutes max

ESD CAUTION ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Electrostatic charges as high as 4000 V readily accumulate on the human body and test equipment and can discharge without detection. Although this product features proprietary ESD protection circuitry, permanent damage may occur on devices subjected to high energy electrostatic discharges. Therefore, proper ESD precautions are recommended to avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 5 of 16

PIN CONFIGURATION AND FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS

NC = NO CONNECT

NC 1

ST 2

COM 3

NC 4

XOUT12

NC11

YOUT10

NC9

C O

M

C O

M

C O

M

Z O U

T 5 6 7 8

16

N C

15

V S

14

V S

13

N C

ADXL330 TOP VIEW

(Not to Scale)

+Z

+X

+Y

05 67 7- 02 9

Figure 3. Pin Configuration

CENTER PAD IS NOT INTERNALLY CONNECTED BUT SHOULD BE SOLDERED FOR MECHANICAL INTEGRITY

0.50 MAX

0.65 0.325

1.95

0.65

0.325

4

4

0.35 MAX

1.95

DIMENSIONS SHOWN IN MILLIMETERS

05 67 7- 03 2

Figure 4. Recommended PCB Layout

Table 4. Pin Function Descriptions Pin No. Mnemonic Description 1 NC No Connect 2 ST Self-Test 3 COM Common 4 NC No Connect 5 COM Common 6 COM Common 7 COM Common 8 ZOUT Z Channel Output 9 NC No Connect 10 YOUT Y Channel Output 11 NC No Connect 12 XOUT X Channel Output 13 NC No Connect 14 VS Supply Voltage (2.0 V to 3.6 V) 15 VS Supply Voltage (2.0 V to 3.6 V) 16 NC No Connect

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 6 of 16

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS N > 1000 for all typical performance plots, unless otherwise noted.

35

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

1.42 1.44 1.46 1.48 1.50 1.52 1.54 1.56 1.58

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

OUTPUT (V)

05 67 7- 00 3

Figure 5. X-Axis Zero g Bias at 25°C, VS = 3 V

40

35

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

1.42 1.44 1.46 1.48 1.50 1.52 1.54 1.56 1.58

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

OUTPUT (V)

05 67 7- 00 4

Figure 6. Y-Axis Zero g Bias at 25°C, VS = 3 V

40

35

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

1.42 1.44 1.46 1.48 1.50 1.52 1.54 1.56 1.58

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

OUTPUT (V)

05 67 7- 00 5

Figure 7. Z-Axis Zero g Bias at 25°C, VS = 3 V

16

14

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

0.95 0.96 0.97 0.98 0.99 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

OUTPUT (V)

05 67 7- 00 6

Figure 8. X-Axis Zero g Bias at 25°C, VS = 2 V

16

14

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

0.95 0.96 0.97 0.98 0.99 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

OUTPUT (V)

05 67 7- 00 7

Figure 9. Y-Axis Zero g Bias at 25°C, VS = 2 V

25

0

5

10

15

20

0.88 0.90 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.04 1.06 1.08 1.10 1.12 1.14 1.16

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

OUTPUT (V)

05 67 7- 00 8

Figure 10. Z-Axis Zero g Bias at 25°C, VS = 2 V

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 7 of 16

35

0

5

10

15

25

30

20

–2.5 2.52.01.51.00.50–0.5–1.0–1.5–2.0

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (mg/°C)

05 67 7- 00 9

Figure 11. X-Axis Zero g Bias Temperature Coefficient, VS = 3 V

40

35

0

5

10

15

25

30

20

–2.5 2.52.01.51.00.50–0.5–1.0–1.5–2.0

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (mg/°C)

05 67 7- 01 0

Figure 12. Y-Axis Zero g Bias Temperature Coefficient, VS = 3 V

30

0

5

10

15

25

20

–2.5 2.52.01.51.00.50–0.5–1.0–1.5–2.0

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (mg/°C)

05 67 7- 01 1

Figure 13. Z-Axis Zero g Bias Temperature Coefficient, VS = 3 V

1.55

1.54

1.53

1.52

1.51

1.50

1.49

1.48

1.47

1.46

1.45 –30 –20 –10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80

VO LT

S

TEMPERATURE (°C)

05 67 7- 01 2

N = 8

Figure 14. X-Axis Zero g Bias vs. Temperature—8 Parts Soldered to PCB

1.55

1.54

1.53

1.52

1.51

1.50

1.49

1.48

1.47

1.46

1.45 –30 –20 –10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80

VO LT

S

TEMPERATURE (°C)

05 67 7- 01 3

N = 8

Figure 15. Y-Axis Zero g Bias vs. Temperature—8 Parts Soldered to PCB

1.55

1.54

1.53

1.52

1.51

1.50

1.49

1.48

1.47

1.46

1.45 –30 –20 –10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80

VO LT

S

TEMPERATURE (°C)

05 67 7- 01 4

N = 8

Figure 16. Z-Axis Zero g Bias vs. Temperature—8 Parts Soldered to PCB

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 8 of 16

60

0

10

20

30

40

50

0.26 0.340.330.320.310.300.290.280.27

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

SENSITIVITY (V/g)

05 67 7- 01 5

Figure 17. X-Axis Sensitivity at 25°C, VS = 3 V

70

60

0

10

20

30

40

50

0.26 0.340.330.320.310.300.290.280.27

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

SENSITIVITY (V/g)

05 67 7- 01 6

Figure 18. Y-Axis Sensitivity at 25°C, VS = 3 V

70

60

0

10

20

30

40

50

0.25 0.330.320.310.300.290.280.270.26

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

SENSITIVITY (V/g)

05 67 7- 01 7

Figure 19. Z-Axis Sensitivity at 25°C, VS = 3 V

35

30

0

5

10

15

20

25

0.170 0.174 0.178 0.182 0.186 0.190 0.194 0.198 0.202 0.206 0.210

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

SENSITIVITY (V/g)

05 67 7- 01 8

Figure 20. X-Axis Sensitivity at 25°C, VS = 2 V

40

35

30

0

5

10

15

20

25

0.170 0.174 0.178 0.182 0.186 0.190 0.194 0.198 0.202 0.206 0.210

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

SENSITIVITY (V/g)

05 67 7- 01 9

Figure 21. Y-Axis Sensitivity at 25°C, VS = 2 V

40

35

30

0

5

10

15

20

25

0.172 0.176 0.180 0.184 0.188 0.192 0.196 0.200 0.204 0.208 0.212

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

SENSITIVITY (V/g)

05 67 7- 02 0

Figure 22. Z-Axis Sensitivity at 25°C, VS = 2 V

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 9 of 16

90

80

70

60

0

10

20

30

40

50

–2.0 –1.6 –1.2 –0.8 –0.4 0 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

DRIFT (%)

05 67 7- 02 1

Figure 23. X-Axis Sensitivity Drift Over Temperature, VS = 3 V

70

60

0

10

20

30

40

50

–2.0 –1.6 –1.2 –0.8 –0.4 0 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

DRIFT (%)

05 67 7- 02 2

Figure 24. Y-Axis Sensitivity Drift Over Temperature, VS = 3 V

25

20

15

10

5

0 –1.0 –0.6 –0.2 0.2 0.6 1.0 1.4 1.8 2.2 2.6 3.0

% O

F PO

PU LA

TI O

N

DRIFT (%)

05 67 7- 02 3

Figure 25. Z-Axis Sensitivity Drift Over Temperature, VS = 3 V

0.33

0.32

0.31

0.30

0.29

0.28

0.27 –30 80706050403020100–10–20

SE N

SI TI

VI TY

(V /g

)

TEMPERATURE (°C)

05 67 7- 02 4

N = 8

Figure 26. X-Axis Sensitivity vs. Temperature

8 Parts Soldered to PCB, VS = 3 V

0.33

0.32

0.31

0.30

0.29

0.28

0.27 –30 80706050403020100–10–20

SE N

SI TI

VI TY

(V /g

)

TEMPERATURE (°C)

05 67 7- 02 5

N = 8

Figure 27. Y-Axis Sensitivity vs. Temperature

8 Parts Soldered to PCB, VS = 3 V

0.33

0.32

0.31

0.30

0.29

0.28

0.27 –30 80706050403020100–10–20

SE N

SI TI

VI TY

(V /g

)

TEMPERATURE (°C)

05 67 7- 02 6

N = 8

Figure 28. Z-Axis Sensitivity vs. Temperature

8 Parts Soldered to PCB, VS = 3 V

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 10 of 16

600

500

400

300

200

100

0 0 654321

C U

R R

EN T

(µ A

)

SUPPLY (V)

05 67 7- 02 7

Figure 29. Typical Current Consumption vs. Supply Voltage

05 67 7- 02 8

CH1 1.00V BW CH2 500mV BW CH3 500mV CH4 500mV

M1.00ms A CH1 300mV

4

3

2

1

T 9.400%

T

Figure 30. Typical Turn-On Time—CX, CY, CZ = 0.0047 μF, VS = 3 V

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 11 of 16

THEORY OF OPERATION The ADXL330 is a complete 3-axis acceleration measurement system on a single monolithic IC. The ADXL330 has a measure- ment range of ±3 g minimum. It contains a polysilicon surface micromachined sensor and signal conditioning circuitry to implement an open-loop acceleration measurement architecture. The output signals are analog voltages that are proportional to acceleration. The accelerometer can measure the static accelera- tion of gravity in tilt sensing applications as well as dynamic acceleration resulting from motion, shock, or vibration.

The sensor is a polysilicon surface micromachined structure built on top of a silicon wafer. Polysilicon springs suspend the structure over the surface of the wafer and provide a resistance against acceleration forces. Deflection of the structure is meas- ured using a differential capacitor that consists of independent fixed plates and plates attached to the moving mass. The fixed plates are driven by 180° out-of-phase square waves. Acceleration deflects the moving mass and unbalances the differential capacitor resulting in a sensor output whose amplitude is proportional to acceleration. Phase-sensitive demodulation techniques are then used to determine the magnitude and direction of the acceleration.

The demodulator output is amplified and brought off-chip through a 32 kΩ resistor. The user then sets the signal band- width of the device by adding a capacitor. This filtering improves measurement resolution and helps prevent aliasing.

MECHANICAL SENSOR The ADXL330 uses a single structure for sensing the X, Y, and Z axes. As a result, the three axes sense directions are highly orthogonal with little cross axis sensitivity. Mechanical mis- alignment of the sensor die to the package is the chief source of cross axis sensitivity. Mechanical misalignment can, of course, be calibrated out at the system level.

PERFORMANCE Rather than using additional temperature compensation circuitry, innovative design techniques ensure high performance is built-in to the ADXL330. As a result, there is neither quantization error nor nonmonotonic behavior, and temperature hysteresis is very low (typically less than 3 mg over the −25°C to +70°C temperature range).

Figure 14, Figure 15, and Figure 16 show the zero g output performance of eight parts (X-, Y-, and Z-axis) soldered to a PCB over a −25°C to +70°C temperature range.

Figure 26, Figure 27, and Figure 28 demonstrate the typical sensitivity shift over temperature for supply voltages of 3 V. This is typically better than ±1% over the −25°C to +70°C temperature range.

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 12 of 16

APPLICATIONS POWER SUPPLY DECOUPLING For most applications, a single 0.1 μF capacitor, CDC, placed close to the ADXL330 supply pins adequately decouples the accelerometer from noise on the power supply. However, in applications where noise is present at the 50 kHz internal clock frequency (or any harmonic thereof), additional care in power supply bypassing is required as this noise can cause errors in acceleration measurement. If additional decoupling is needed, a 100 Ω (or smaller) resistor or ferrite bead can be inserted in the supply line. Additionally, a larger bulk bypass capacitor (1 μF or greater) can be added in parallel to CDC. Ensure that the connection from the ADXL330 ground to the power supply ground is low impedance because noise transmitted through ground has a similar effect as noise transmitted through VS.

SETTING THE BANDWIDTH USING CX, CY, AND CZ The ADXL330 has provisions for band limiting the XOUT, YOUT, and ZOUT pins. Capacitors must be added at these pins to implement low-pass filtering for antialiasing and noise reduction. The equation for the 3 dB bandwidth is

F−3 dB = 1/(2π(32 kΩ) × C(X, Y, Z))

or more simply

F–3 dB = 5 μF/C(X, Y, Z)

The tolerance of the internal resistor (RFILT) typically varies as much as ±15% of its nominal value (32 kΩ), and the bandwidth varies accordingly. A minimum capacitance of 0.0047 μF for CX, CY, and CZ is recommended in all cases.

Table 5. Filter Capacitor Selection, CX, CY, and CZ Bandwidth (Hz) Capacitor (μF) 1 4.7 10 0.47 50 0.10 100 0.05 200 0.027 500 0.01

SELF-TEST The ST pin controls the self-test feature. When this pin is set to VS, an electrostatic force is exerted on the accelerometer beam. The resulting movement of the beam allows the user to test if the accelerometer is functional. The typical change in output is −500 mg (corresponding to −150 mV) in the X-axis, 500 mg (or 150 mV) on the Y-axis, and −200 mg (or −60 mV) on the Z-axis. This ST pin may be left open circuit or connected to common (COM) in normal use.

Never expose the ST pin to voltages greater than VS + 0.3 V. If this cannot be guaranteed due to the system design (for

instance, if there are multiple supply voltages), then a low VF clamping diode between ST and VS is recommended.

DESIGN TRADE-OFFS FOR SELECTING FILTER CHARACTERISTICS: THE NOISE/BW TRADE-OFF The selected accelerometer bandwidth ultimately determines the measurement resolution (smallest detectable acceleration). Filtering can be used to lower the noise floor to improve the resolution of the accelerometer. Resolution is dependent on the analog filter bandwidth at XOUT, YOUT, and ZOUT.

The output of the ADXL330 has a typical bandwidth of greater than 500 Hz. The user must filter the signal at this point to limit aliasing errors. The analog bandwidth must be no more than half the analog-to-digital sampling frequency to minimize aliasing. The analog bandwidth can be further decreased to reduce noise and improve resolution.

The ADXL330 noise has the characteristics of white Gaussian noise, which contributes equally at all frequencies and is described in terms of μg/√Hz (the noise is proportional to the square root of the accelerometer bandwidth). The user should limit bandwidth to the lowest frequency needed by the applica- tion to maximize the resolution and dynamic range of the accelerometer.

With the single-pole, roll-off characteristic, the typical noise of the ADXL330 is determined by

)1.6( ××= BWDensityNoiseNoiserms

Often, the peak value of the noise is desired. Peak-to-peak noise can only be estimated by statistical methods. Table 6 is useful for estimating the probabilities of exceeding various peak values, given the rms value.

Table 6. Estimation of Peak-to-Peak Noise

Peak-to-Peak Value % of Time that Noise Exceeds Nominal Peak-to-Peak Value

2 × rms 32 4 × rms 4.6 6 × rms 0.27 8 × rms 0.006

USE WITH OPERATING VOLTAGES OTHER THAN 3 V The ADXL330 is tested and specified at VS = 3 V; however, it can be powered with VS as low as 2 V or as high as 3.6 V. Note that some performance parameters change as the supply voltage is varied.

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 13 of 16

The ADXL330 output is ratiometric, therefore, the output sensitivity (or scale factor) varies proportionally to the supply voltage. At VS = 3.6 V, the output sensitivity is typically 360 mV/g. At VS = 2 V, the output sensitivity is typically 195 mV/g.

The zero g bias output is also ratiometric, so the zero g output is nominally equal to VS/2 at all supply voltages.

The output noise is not ratiometric but is absolute in volts; therefore, the noise density decreases as the supply voltage increases. This is because the scale factor (mV/g) increases while the noise voltage remains constant. At VS = 3.6 V, the X- and Y-axis noise density is typically 230 μg/√Hz, while at VS = 2 V, the X- and Y-axis noise density is typically 350 μg/√Hz.

Self-test response in g is roughly proportional to the square of the supply voltage. However, when ratiometricity of sensitivity is factored in with supply voltage, the self-test response in volts is roughly proportional to the cube of the supply voltage. For example, at VS = 3.6 V, the self-test response for the ADXL330 is approximately −275 mV for the X-axis, +275 mV for the Y-axis, and −100 mV for the Z-axis.

At VS = 2 V, the self-test response is approximately −60 mV for the X-axis, +60 mV for the Y-axis, and −25 mV for the Z-axis.

The supply current decreases as the supply voltage decreases. Typical current consumption at VS = 3.6 V is 375 μA, and typical current consumption at VS = 2 V is 200 μA.

AXES OF ACCELERATION SENSITIVITY

05 67 7- 03 0

AZ

AY

AX

TOP

Figure 31. Axes of Acceleration Sensitivity, Corresponding Output Voltage

Increases When Accelerated Along the Sensitive Axis

05 67 7- 03 1

XOUT = –1g YOUT = 0g ZOUT = 0g

GRAVITY

XOUT = 0g YOUT = 1g ZOUT = 0g

XOUT = 0g YOUT = –1g ZOUT = 0g

XOUT = 1g YOUT = 0g ZOUT = 0g

XOUT = 0g YOUT = 0g ZOUT = 1g

XOUT = 0g YOUT = 0g ZOUT = –1g

TOP

TOP TOP

TOP

TOP

Figure 32. Output Response vs. Orientation to Gravity

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 14 of 16

OUTLINE DIMENSIONS

16

5

13

8

9

12 1

4 0.65 BSC

2.43 1.75 SQ 1.08

1.95 BSC

0.20 MIN PIN 1 INDICATOR

BOTTOM VIEW

0.20 MIN

SEATING PLANE

1.50 1.45 1.40

PIN 1 INDICATOR TOP

VIEW

COPLANARITY 0.05

0.05 MAX 0.02 NOM

0.35 0.30 0.25

0.55 0.50 0.45

4.15 4.00 SQ 3.85

Figure 33. 16-Lead Lead Frame Chip Scale Package [LFCSP_LQ]

4 mm × 4 mm Body, Thick Quad (CP-16-5)

Dimensions shown in millimeters

ORDERING GUIDE Model Measurement Range Specified Voltage Temperature Range Package Description Package Option ADXL330KCPZ1 ±3 g 3 V −25°C to +70°C 16-Lead LFCSP_LQ CP-16-5 ADXL330KCPZ–RL1 ±3 g 3 V −25°C to +70°C 16-Lead LFCSP_LQ CP-16-5 EVAL-ADXL330 Evaluation Board 1 Z = Pb-free part.

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 15 of 16

NOTES

ADXL330

Rev. 0 | Page 16 of 16

NOTES

©2006 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners. D05677-0-3/06(0)

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