"The world would be communist now. Marx's original theory stated that communism should occur in advanced capitalist economies. Marx recognised that capitalism was the most effective mode of production, it's just the huge inequality that was created by it (and undeniably still is) which Marx had a problem with and which he recognised were the seeds of its own destruction. This means that he wanted the socialist revolutions to take place in countries such as the UK and the USA, where they were industrialised and fully operating under capitalism so their productivity could continue under the dictatorship of the proletariat. However, Russia's revolution was led in a largely peasant country by a small intellectual elite, ultimately not only undermining the fact that the capitalist stage needs to occur before the dictatorship of the proletariat (it goes peasant- capitalist- dictatorship of proletariat), but also the entire concept of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Instead of giving power to the ordinary person, Leninism instead gave it to a small portion of society so the workers never really managed to achieve true communism. However, had the revolution happened in America it would have been incredibly different, particularly if it followed classical marxism rather than Leninism. This means if the roles in the cold war had been reversed, it wouldn't be that Russia was communist anyway, but actually a peasant country still. Either that, or it would have moved onto becoming capitalist meaning its economy was prepared for communism. I have an exam on this tomorrow, by the way, I'm not just really sad."
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