What are illusory correlations?

Does anyone know about the concept of illusory correlations in Psychology.

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Illusory correlation is the phenomenon of seeing an expected relationship between variables (typically people, events, or behaviors) even when no such relationship exists. A common example of this phenomenon would be when people form false associations between membership in a statistical minority group and rare (typically negative) behaviors as variables that are novel or deviant tend to capture the attention.

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"Illusory correlation" was originally coined by Chapman and Chapman (1967) to describe people's tendencies to overestimate relationships between two groups when distinctive and unusual information is presented.The concept was used to question claims about objective knowledge in clinical psychology through the Chapmans' refutation of many clinicians' widely-used Wheeler signs for homosexuality in Rorschach tests.

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