"International law is sometimes called public international law to distinguish it from private international law, though, as already explained, even this can lead to misunderstandings. Whatever the connections international law has with other systems of law, it is clearly distinguished by the fact that it is not the product of any national legal system, but of the states (now over 190) that make up our world. In the past, international law was referred to as the Law of Nations. Although it had been developing over many centuries, international law as we know it today is commonly said to have begun properly with the Dutch jurist and diplomat, Grotius, and with the Peace of Westphalia 1648. That event marked not only the end of the Thirty Years War but also the end of feudalism (and, with the Reformation, obedience to the Pope) and the establishment of the modern state with central governmental institutions that could enforce control over its inhabitants and defend them against other states. But since those states had to live with each other, there had to be common rules governing their external conduct. Although rudimentary rules had been developing ever since civilised communities had emerged, from the mid 17th century they began to develop into what we now recognise as international law. Source: http://www.docsity.com/en-docs/International_Law__16"
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