Classification Of Intelligence Tests-Educational Psycology-Lecture Handouts, Lecture notes for Educational Psychology. Aligarh Muslim University

Classification Of Intelligence Tests-Educational Psycology-Lecture Handouts, Lecture notes for Educational Psychology. Aligarh Muslim University

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This course teaches following topics: single neuron, causes of learning disabilities, creativity and anxiety, cognitive development, nature, theories of learning, memory remembering and forgetting, thinking, Erikson work...
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Educational Psychology (PSY406) VU

Reading Material for Educational Psychology


Classif ication of Intel l igence Tests Intelligence tests may be classified broadly as follows: Intelligence tests may also be classified on the basis of their form as verbal or language tests and non-verbal or non-language tests . Verbal or language tests.In these the subjects make use of language in which the instructions are given in words, written, oral, or both. The individuals being tested are required to use language, verbal or written, for their responses. The test content is loaded with verbal material which may include varieties of the items listed below. Vocabulary tests.In these the subject is required to give the meanings of words or phrases. For example, what is the meaning of the word 'eventually'? What is the difference between bear, wear and bare? What does the phrase many roads to Rome' convey?Memory tests.These are designed to test the subject's immediate and long-term memory, and include recall and recognition type of items. He may be called upon to tell the full names of teachers who teach him different subjects; his phone number, the number of his vehicle, the dates of birth of his siblings and so on.Comprehension tests.By means of these, the subject is tested for the ability to grasp, understand and react to a given situation. The questions, for example, may be like: Why do big ships float in the sea while a small needle would sink in it? Why are the nights longer and the days shorter in winter?Information tests.The subject is tested on his knowledge about the things around him by means of these tests, e.g.. Where is the Taj Mahal situated? Name the countries which surround Iraq.Reasoning tests.In these tests the subject is asked to provide answers which demonstrate his ability to reason—logically, analytically, synthetically, inductively or deductively as outlined below:Complete the series: 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, 16, 22, 29, ?, ?, ? A picture is to frame as an island is to . . . Association tests. Through these test items the subject is tested for his ability to point out the similarities or dissimilarities between two or more concepts or objects. For example: In what ways are animals and plants alike? Which of the items mentioned below is the odd one? gold, silver, copper, iron, glass. Non-verbal and non-language tests.These tests involve activities in which the use of language is not necessary except for giving directions. Performance tests are a typical example of such tests. The main features of these are: The contents of the tests are in the form of material objects. What is required of the subject is conveyed by the tester through oral instructions, or by pantomime and signs. The subject's responses are assessed in terms of how he reacts or what he does rather than what he says or writes. Generally these are individual tests. As Pillai (1972) observes: "These cannot be used as group tests, chiefly because it is necessary to supervise the individual testee at work and give him necessary directions". Values of Intelligence Testing Use in selection.Results of intelligence tests can be properly used for selection of suitable candidates for educational and professional activities such as the following: admission to a special educational programme or course of instruction. identification and offer of scholarships to gifted students. selection of students for assigning specific responsibilities in the school's academic and co-curricular programmes. selection of trainees for a vocational programme or job. Use in classification.Intelligence tests help in classifying individuals according to their mental make-up. In the school, it is possible for the teacher to classify the students in his class as backward, average, bright or gifted and thus arrange for homogeneous grouping to provide them with proper educational opportunities according to their individual capabilities. Enrichment programmes for the