CSOs/NGOs in Cambodia, Formulas and forms for Organizational Development. Western University
1991187
1991187

CSOs/NGOs in Cambodia, Formulas and forms for Organizational Development. Western University

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What is Civil Society in Cambodia? Five categories What are the roles of Civil Society? In what sectors are NGOs active? Trends of local and international NGOs
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Slide 1

វវវវវវវវ វវវវវ SAINT PAUL INSTITUTE

(SPI)

Course: Skill Lab – Career & Skill Orientation Period: 16 weeks (64 hours) Name of Instructor: Mr. PHEN-Raksmey, MPM Telephone: 087 810 456 Email Address: [email protected]

Skill Lab

អអអអអអអអអអអអអ អអអអអអអអអអអអអ អអអអអអអអ អអអអអអអ

Civil Society Organization (CSO) & Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)

in Cambodia

Outline​of​Presentation What is Civil Society in Cambodia? Five categories What are the roles of Civil Society? In what sectors are NGOs active? Trends of local and international NGOs Funding and Contribution Challenges face by CSOs/NGOs Future prospects and trends of local NGOs NGOs and Associations Law Funding sources and its challenges Future prospective on funding and effectiveness Introduction to the NGO Forum Conclusions

អអអអអអអអអអអ ? What​is​Civil​Society?

Civil Society Organization (CSO)? អអអអអអអអអអអអអ

Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) ? អអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអ

អអអអអអអអអអអអអអ CSO/NGOs Five categories of civil society Organizations

Traditional Associations/religion groups frequently linked to pagodas (1,111 association registered).

Community based organisations, village development committees, women, youth, farmer groups etc.

Non-Governmental Organisations, 1,564 registered local NGOs (450 active) and 316 International NGOs

Trade Unions, 370 trade unions by August 2005

Other, think tanks, business associations, etc

Check, monitoring and restraining the government’s exercise of power- Advocating for changes- demanding accountability

Training and empowering community and broad sectors in human rights

Serving as channels by which ideas, concerns, demands of affected people can reach decision makers

Serving as school of democracy and human rights- fostering democratic culture and social capital

អអអអអ អអអអអអអអអអអអ Functions​of​Civil​Society

Channel for service delivery where governments are unable or unwilling to provide basic social services

Facilitator of dialogue and negotiation  Social conscience – holding authorities

accountable for their actions,  Corrective – campaigning against abuses

of power and for the protection and promotion of Human Rights

Source of policy advice - e.g. for peace building or poverty reduction

អអអអអ អអអអអអអអអអអអ Functions​of​Civil​Society

Empowerment and Advocacy

Watchdogs

De ve

lop me

nt ac

tor an

d

Mo bil

ize Re

so urc

es

Se rv

ice s D

eli ve

ry

Networking and Coalitions

Pillar of

Good Governance

* វវវវវ វវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវ (NGO Roles in Cambodia)

Poverty and Inequality Reduction

Technology

Socials

EconomicsPolitical/ Policies

Laws​(moral,​ HR​and​ policies)

Environment

At end of 2013: 4504 NGOs (534 International NGOs)

NGO Census 2012: only 1315 are active

 More than 10,000 community based organizations and informal groups/associations established.

11

វវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវវ NGOs registered in Cambodia

អអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអ In​what​sectors​are​NGOs​active​?​

 CSOs/NGOs significantly contribute to social and economic development in Cambodia.

 Important sectors are:  Health & Education  Governance & Administration  Community, social development  Rural Development & Land Management  Environment & Conservation  Agriculture  Gender  etc.

 NGO disbursements exceeded USD 203 million in 2009

អអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអ How many people directly benefit from CSO activities?

•Conservatively, 650,000 to 1 million or more Cambodians benefit from the activity of 296 NGOs •Across the entire CSO sector, approximately 25% of the population of Cambodia are direct beneficiaries

អអអអអអអអអអអអអអ អអអអអអអអអអអ Highest​Priority​Beneficiary​Groups

អអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអ Key​Challenges​faced​by​CSO/NGOs  Limited technical capacity, notably in relation to

management and governance  Lack of recognition for represented in dialogue

with Gov’t and DPs  Difficulties in accessing relevant information  Lack of long term, sustainable funding Uncoordinated demands from donors  Lack of coordination, overlapping catchments and

project  Limited democracy space for dialogue with Gov’t

and DP  Concern over the draft law on NGOs and

Associations

Why NGOs/CSOs? - improve the position of the poor/vulnerable/underserved.

How? - Servicing; - Empowerment; - Policy Advocacy

Why the poor and poor? - social services, job/income, education, health, access to land, …

Whose main responsibility?

11/16/17 17 Developed by PHEN Raksmey (Mr.), Development Policy Project Coordinator, the NGO Forum on Cambodia (NGOF)

វវវវវវវវវវវវ Conclusion

អអអអអអអអអអអអ Conclusion  CSOs/NGOs have significantly contribute to economic

and social development in Cambodia.  For sustainability of their funding, CSOs/NGOs need to

have a long term planning.  Coordination among the CSOs/NGOs is important to

ensure effectiveness.  Building capacity of the community is an importance

for NGOs that need to be considered.  Democracy space is an important for CSOs/NGOs to

ensure effective development.  Social entrepreneurship is a movement toward self-

reliance.

GrKuNcMeBaHkary kcitþTukdak;sþb;

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

អអអអអអអអអ QUIZZ I (Writing)

QUIZZ I (Writing)

អ) អអអអអអ Opportunity? អអអអ Threat ? អអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអ អអអអអអអអអអ

(8 Minutes)

អ) អអអអអ អអ អអអអ អអអអអ?

(3 Minutes)

QUIZZ I (Writing)

អ) អអអអអ អអអ អអ អអអអ អអអអអអអអអអអ អអអ អអអអអអអអអអ អអអអអអអអអអ អអអអអអអអ? អអអអអអអអអអអអអ

(10 minutes)

QUIZZ I (Writing)

អ) អអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអ? អអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអអ(អអអអអអអអ)អអអអអ អអអអអអអអអអអអអ ? អអអអអអអអអ (អ - អអអអអ)? អអអអអអអអអអ (អ - អអអអអ)? អអអអអអអអអ (អអ - អអអអអអ)?

(20 Minutes)

QUIZZ I (Writing)

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