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ATI TEAS-V6 TEAS Test Study Guide with Practice Questions-2024-2025.docx

Typology: Exams

2023/2024

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Download ATI TEAS-V6 TEAS Test Study Guide with Practice Questions-2024-2025.docx and more Exams Nursing in PDF only on Docsity! ATI TEAS-V6 TEAS Test Study Guide with Practice Questions-2024-2025 1. If Lynn can type a page in p minutes, what piece of the page can she do in 5 minutes? A. 5/p B. p - 5 C. p + 5 D. p/5 E. 1- p + 5 2. If Sally can paint a house in 4 hours, and John can paint the same house in 6 hour, how long will it take for both of them to paint the house together? A. 2 hours and 24 minutes B. 3 hours and 12 minutes C. 3 hours and 44 minutes D. 4 hours and 10 minutes E. 4 hours and 33 minutes 3. Employees of a discount appliance store receive an additional 20% off of the lowest price on an item. If an employee purchases a dishwasher during a 15% off sale, how much will he pay if the dishwasher originally cost $450? A. $280.90 B. $287 C. $292.50 D. $306 E. $333.89 4. The sales price of a car is $12,590, which is 20% off the original price. What is the original price? A. $14,310.40 B. $14,990.90 C. $15,290.70 D. $15,737.50 E. $16,935.80 5. Solve the following equation for A : 2A/3 = 8 + 4A A. -2.4 B. 2.4 C. 1.3 D. -1.3 E. 0 6. If Leah is 6 years older than Sue, and John is 5 years older than Leah, and the total of their ages is 41. Then how old is Sue? A. 8 B. 10 C. 14 D. 19 E. 21 7. Alfred wants to invest $4,000 at 6% simple interest rate for 5 years. How much interest will he receive? A. $240 B. $480 C. $720 D. $960 E. $1,200 8. Jim is able to sell a hand-carved statue for $670 which was a 35% profit over his cost. How much did the statue originally cost him? A. $496.30 B. $512.40 C. $555.40 D. $574.90 E. $588.20 9. The city council has decided to add a 0.3% tax on motel and hotel rooms. If a traveler spends the night in a motel room that costs $55 before taxes, how much will the city receive in taxes from him? A. 10 cents B. 11 cents C. 15 cents D. 17 cents E. 21 cents 10. A student receives his grade report from a local community college, but the GPA is smudged. He took the following classes: a 2 hour credit art, a 3 hour credit history, a 4 hour credit science course, a 3 hour credit mathematics course, and a 1 hour science lab. He received a "B" in the art class, an "A" in the history class, a "C" in the science class, a "B" in the mathematics class, and an "A" in the A. $132.85 B. $145.75 C. $162.90 D. $225.25 E. $226.75 20. If y = 3, then y3(y3-y)= A. 300 B. 459 C. 648 D. 999 E. 1099 1. If the average of three numbers is V. If one of the numbers is Z and another is Y, what is the remaining number? A. ZY - V B. Z/V - 3 - Y C. Z/3 - V - Y D. 3V- Z - Y E. V- Z - Y 2. Two cyclists start biking from a trail's start 3 hours apart. The second cyclist travels at 10 miles per hour and starts 3 hours after the first cyclist who is traveling at 6 miles per hour. How much time will pass before the second cyclist catches up with the first from the time the second cyclist started biking? A. 2 hours B. 4 ½ hours C. 5 ¾ hours D. 6 hours E. 7 ½ hours 3. Jim can fill a pool carrying buckets of water in 30 minutes. Sue can do the same job in 45 minutes. Tony can do the same job in 1 ½ hours. How quickly can all three fill the pool together? A. 12 minutes B. 15 minutes C. 21 minutes D. 23 minutes E. 28 minutes 4. Mary is reviewing her algebra quiz. She has determined that one of her solutions is incorrect. Which one is it? A. 2x + 5 (x-1) = 9, x = 2 B. p - 3(p-5) = 10, p = 2.5 C. 4 y + 3 y = 28, y = 4 D. 5 w + 6 w - 3w = 64, w = 8 E. t - 2t - 3t = 32, t = 8 5. What simple interest rate will Susan need to secure to make $2,500 in interest on a $10,000 principal over 5 years? A. 4% B. 5% C. 6% D. 7% E. 8% 6. Which of the following is not a rational number? A. -4 B. 1/5 C. 0.8333333... D. 0.45 E. 7. A study reported that in a random sampling of 100 women over the age of 35 showed that 8 of the women were married 2 or more times. Based on the study results, how many women in a group of 5,000 women over the age of 35 would likely be married 2 or more times? A. 55 B. 150 C. 200 D. 400 E. 600 8. John is traveling to a meeting that is 28 miles away. He needs to be there in 30 minutes. How fast does he need to go to make it to the meeting on time? A. 25 mph B. 37 mph C. 41 mph D. 49 mph E. 56 mph 9. If Steven can mix 20 drinks in 5 minutes, Sue can mix 20 drinks in 10 minutes, and Jack can mix 20 drinks in 15 minutes, how much time will it take all 3 of them working together to mix the 20 drinks? A. 2 minutes and 44 seconds B. 2 minutes and 58 seconds C. 3 minutes and 10 seconds D. 3 minutes and 26 seconds E. 4 minutes and 15 seconds 10. If Sam can do a job in 4 days that Lisa can do in 6 days and Tom can do in 2 days, how long would the job take if Sam, Lisa, and Tom worked together to complete it? A. 0.8 days B. 1.09 days C. 1.23 days D. 1.65 days E. 1.97 days 11. Jim has 5 pieces of string. He needs to choose the piece that will be able to go around his 36- inch waist. His belt broke, and his pants are falling down. The piece needs to be at least 4 inches longer than his waist so he can tie a knot in it, but it cannot be more that 6 inches longer so that the ends will not show from under his shirt. Which of the following pieces of string will work the best? A. 3 feet B. 3 ¾ feet C. 3 ½ feet D. 3 ¼ feet E. 2 ½ feet 12. The last week of a month a car dealership sold 12 cars. A new sales promotion came out the first week of the next month and the sold 19 cars that week. What was the percent increase in sales from the last week of the previous month compared to the first week of the next month? D. 8 E. 9 8. What is the mathematical average of the number of weeks in a year, seasons in a year, and the number of days in January? A. 36 B. 33 C. 32 D. 31 E. 29 9. In a college, some courses contribute more towards an overall GPA than other courses. For example, a science class is worth 4 points; mathematics is worth 3 points; history is worth 2 points; and English is worth 3 points. The values of the grade letters are as follows, A= 4, B=3, C=2, D=1, F=0. What is the GPA of a student who made a "C" in Trigonometry, a "B" in American History, an "A" in Botany, and a "B" in Microbiology? A. 2.59 B. 2.86 C. 3.08 D. 3.33 E. 3.67 10. Over the course of a week, Fred spent $28.49 on lunch. What was the average cost per day? A. $4.07 B. $3.57 C. $6.51 D. $2.93 E. $5.41 11. A roast was cooked at 325° F in the oven for 4 hours. The internal temperature rose from 32° F to 145° F. What was the average rise in temperature per hour? A. 20.2° F/hr B. 28.25° F/hr C. 32.03° F/hr D. 37° F/hr E. 37.29° F/hr 12. In the number 743.25 which digit represents the tenths space? A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5 E. 6 1. Add 0.98 + 45.102 + 32.3333 + 31 + 0.00009 A. 368.573 B. 210.536299 C. 109.41539 D. 99.9975 E. 80.8769543 2. Find 0.12 ÷ 1 A. 12 B. 1.2 C. .12 D. .012 E. .0012 3. (9 ÷ 3) x (8 ÷ 4) = A. 1 B. 6 C. 72 D. 576 E. 752 4. 6 x 0 x 5 A. 30 B. 11 C. 25 D. 0 E. 27 5. 7.95 ÷ 1.5 A. 2.4 B. 5.3 C. 6.2 D. 7.3 E. 7.5 6. -32 + 7 equals: A. -25 B. 25 C. -26 D. 26 E. 27 7. -37 + -47 equals: A. 64 B. -84 C. 65 D. -75 E. -66 8. 41% equals: A. 4.1 B. .41 C. .041 D. .0041 E. .00415 The following sentences either have existing or require additional commas somewhere in their structures. Choose the option that best reflects proper comma usage in each sentence. E. 11, 144 3. A nurse has to record her temperatures in Celsius but her thermometer reads Fahrenheit. A patient's temperature is 100.7° F. What is the temperature in °C? A. 32° C B. 36.5° C C. 38.2° C D. 213.3° C E. 223.7° C 4. Art realized that he had 2 more quarters than he had originally thought in his pocket. If all of the change in his pocket is quarters and it totals to $8.75, how many quarters did he originally think were in his pocket? A. 27 B. 29 C. 31 D. 33 E. 35 5. There are 12 more apples than oranges in a basket of 36 apples and oranges. How many apples are in the basket? A. 12 B. 15 C. 24 D. 28 E. 36 6. Which of the following correctly identifies 4 consecutive odd integers where the sum of the middle two integers is equal to 24? A. 5, 7, 9, 11 B. 7, 9, 11, 13 C. 9, 11, 13, 15 D. 11, 13, 15, 17 E. 13, 15, 17, 19 7. What is the next number in the sequence? 6, 12, 24, 48, A. 72 B. 96 C. 108 D. 112 E. 124 8. Which of the following numbers could be described in the following way: an integer that is a natural, rational and whole number? A. 0 B. 1 C. 2.33 D. -3 E. none of the above 9. What is the next number in the following pattern? 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, A. 1/10 B. 1/12 C. 1/14 D. 1/15 E. 1/16 10. Of the following units, which would be most likely to measure the amount of sugar needed in a recipe for 2 dozen cookies A. degrees Celsius B. milliliters C. quarts D. kilograms E. cups . 104 is not equal to which of the following? A. 100,000 B. 0.1 x 105 C. 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 D. 102 x 102 E. 10,000 2. Multiply 104 by 102 A. 108 B. 102 C. 106 D. 10-2 E. 103 3. Divide x5 by x2 A. x7 B. x4 C. x10 D. x3 E. x2.5 4. Find 8.23 x 109 A. 0.00000000823 B. 0.000000823 C. 8.23 D. 8230000000 E. 823000000000 5. 83,000 equals: A. 83.0 x 104 B. 8.3 x 104 C. 8.3 x 103 D. 83.0 x 105 E. 83.0 x 102 D. 124 ounces E. 138 ounces 9. If the value of x and y in the following fraction are both tripled, how does the value of the fraction change? XZ Y A. increases by half B. decreases by half C. triples D. doubles E. remains the same 10. Which of the following fractions is the equivalent of 0.5% A. 1/20 B. 1/200 C. 1/2000 D. 1/5 E. 1/500 11. Which of these numbers is a factor of 21 A. 2 B. 5 C. 7 D. 42 E. 44 12. If the average person drinks 8, (8oz) glasses of water per day, a person who drinks 12.8 oz of water after a morning exercise session has consumed what fraction of the daily average? A. ⅓ B. ⅕ C. 1/7 D. 1/9 E. 1/10 13. You need 4/5 cups of water for a recipe. You accidentally put 1/3 cups into the mixing bowl with the dry ingredients. How much more water in cups do you need to add? A. ⅓ cups B. 2/3 cups C. 1/15 cups D. 7/15 cups E. 7/16 cups 14. ¾ - ½ = A. ¼ B. ⅓ C. ½ D. 2/3 E. 2/5 15. 7 ½ - 5 3/8 = A. 1 ½ B. 1 2/3 C. 2 1/8 D. 3 1/4 E. 3 1. Which of the following letters represents the vertex in the following picture? A. D and E B. E and H C. F and G D. G only E. H only 2. If a circle has the diameter of 8, what is the circumference? A. 6.28 B. 12.56 C. 25.13 D. 50.24 E. 100.48 3. What is the area of the triangle below? A. 22 cm2 B. 33 cm2 C. 44 cm2 D. 50 cm2 E. 66 cm2 4. What is the measure of the solid line angle depicted by the following figure? A. 90 degrees B. 180 degrees C. 225 degrees D. 270 degrees E. 0 degrees 5. What is the measure of angle B in the following figure if angle A measures 135°? 9. After it was repaired it ran perfect again. A. ran perfect B. ran perfectly C. could run perfect D. could of run perfect E. would run perfectly 10. "Are there two E's in beetle," asked Margo? A. there two E's in beetle," asked Margo? B. their two E's in beetle?" asked Margo. C. their two E's in beetle," asked Margo. D. there two E's in beetle?" asked Margo. E. there two E's in beetle, asked Margo? 11. The circus audience received a well-deserved round of applause for the perfectly timed acrobatic stunt. A. audience received a well-deserved B. audience gave a well deserved C. audience did receive a well deserved D. audience gave a well-deserved E. audience did get a well-deserved 12. Looking directly at me, Mother said, "These are your options: the choice is yours." A. Mother said, "These are your options: the choice is B. Mother said-these are your options, the choice is C. Mother had said, These are your options; the choice is D. Mother had said, "These are your options; the choice is E. Mother said, "These are your options; the choice is 13. Porcupine is from Latin porcus, "pig," and spina, "spine." A. porcus, "pig," and spina, "spine." B. Porcus-pig and spina, "spine." C. Porcus-pig, and Spina, "spine." D. Porcus-Pig-,Spina-spine. E. Porcus, "pig," and spina "spine". 14. Seeing the dolphins, some sharks, a killer whale, and a Moray eel made the visit to the marine park worthwhile. A. a killer whale, and a Moray eel made the visit B. a killer whale, and a moray eel made the visit C. a killer whale and a moray eel makes the visit D. a killer whale and a Moray eel makes the visit E. a killer whale and a moray eel made the visit 15. Still, the fact that a planet exists outside our solar system encourages hope that other solar systems exist, and in them, perhaps, a planet that supports life. A. that a planet exists outside our solar system encourages hope that other solar systems exist, and B. that a Planet exists out side our solar system encourages hope that other solar systems exist and C. could be that a planet exists outside our solar system encourages hope that other solar systems exist, and D. that a planet exist outside our solar systems encourage hope that other solar systems exist, and E. that a planet does exists out side our solar system encourages hope that other solar systems exist, and 16. Mail-order shopping can be convenient and timesaving with appropriate precautions, it is safe as well. A. can be convenient and timesaving B. can be convenient and timesaving; C. should be convenient and time saving; D. could be convenient and time saving; E. can be convenient and time-saving; 17. Among the many fields of science, no matter what turns you on, there are several fields of study. A. science, no matter what turns you on, B. Science, no matter what turns you on, C. Science, no matter which you chose, D. Science, no matter which of these you chose- E. science, no matter which you choose, 18. The fact that boxing is known to cause head injuries and brain damage should lead us to inform the public and push for a ban on boxing. A. should lead us to inform B. could lead us to inform C. should of led us to inform D. will lead us to inform E. should have led us to inform, 19. The first part of the test was on chemistry, the second on mathematics, and the third on english. A. on mathematics, and the third on english. B. on mathematics; and the third on English. C. on Mathematics; and the third on English. D. on mathematics, and the third on English. E. on mathematics: and the third on English. 20. The Diary of Anne Frank showed a young girl's courage during two years of hiding. A. showed a young girl's courage B. shows a young girl's courage C. did show a young girls courage D. has shown a young girl's courage E. showed a young girls courage 21. In August my parents will be married for twenty-five years. A. will be married for twenty-five years. B. shall have been married for twenty-five years. C. will have been married for twenty-five years. D. will be married for twenty five years. E. will have married for twenty-five years. 1. The word boycott derives from the name of Charles C. Boycott, an English land agent in Ireland that was ostracized for refusing to reduce rent. A. that was ostracized for refusing B. who was ostracized for refusing C. which was ostracized for refusing D. that had been ostracized for refusing E. who had been ostracized for refusing 2. As a result of his method for early music education, Shinichi Suzuki has been known as one of the world's great violin teachers. A. has been known as one B. had been known as one D. was an impressive sight E. is an impressive site 13. San Francisco lays southwest of Sacramento. A. lays southwest B. has laid southwest C. is lying southwest D. lain southwest E. lies southwest 14. Did they know that Labor Day always came on the first Monday in September? A. came on B. comes on C. has come on D. had come on E. has came on 15. Eating, drinking, and to stay up late at night were among her pleasures. A. to stay up late B. to remain up late C. staying up late D. she liked staying up late E. trying to stay up late 16. Each night when night came and the temperature fell, my parents lit the fire in the bedroom. A. and the temperature fell, B. and that the temperature did fall C. and that the temperature fell D. and because the temperature fell E. and when the temperature fell 17. Frances promised to bring the Papago basket that she bought in Arizona. A. bought in B. had bought in C. has bought in D. did buy in E. purchased in 18. He has lain his racquetball glove on the beach. A. has lain B. has laid C. have lain D. have laid E. is lying 19. I would have lent you my notes if you would have asked me. A. would have asked me B. could of asked C. could ask D. had asked E. had of asked 20. Many scientists are still hoping to have found life on another planet. A. to have found B. to find C. two find D. to have been found E. too have found 21. Because she had an astounding memory, Sue has never forgotten an important equation. A. had an B. could have had C. has D. did have E. has had Read the passage below and answer question 1. BLACK HISTORY MONTH Black History Month is unnecessary. In a place and time in which we overwhelmingly elected an African-American president, we can and should move to a post-racial approach to education. As Detroit Free Press columnist Rochelle Riley wrote in a February 1 column calling for an end to Black History Month, "I propose that, for the first time in American history, this country has reached a point where we can stop celebrating separately, stop learning separately, stop being American separately." In addition to being unnecessary, the idea that African-American history should be focused on in a given month suggests that it belongs in that month alone. Instead, it is important to incorporate African-American history into what is taught every day as American history. It needs to be recreated as part of mainstream thought and not as an optional, often irrelevant, side note. We should focus efforts on pushing schools to diversify and broaden their curricula. There are a number of other reasons to abolish it. First of all, it has become a shallow commercial ritual that does not even succeed in its (limited and misguided) goal of focusing for one month on a sophisticated, intelligent appraisal of the contributions and experiences of African-Americans throughout history. Second, there is a paternalistic flavor to the mandated bestowing of a month in which to study African-American history that is overcome if we instead assert the need for a comprehensive curriculum. Third, the idea of Black History Month suggests that the knowledge imparted in that month is for African-Americans only, rather than for all people. 1. The author's primary purpose in this passage is to... a. Argue that Black History Month should not be so commercial. b. Argue that Black History Month should be abolished. c. Argue that Black History Month should be maintained. d. Suggest that African-American history should be taught in two months rather than just one. e. Argue that African-American history is not part of mainstream curriculum. Read the passage below and answer question 2. PARK WILDLIFE Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks support a wide diversity of animal species, reflecting the range in elevation, climate, and habitat variety there. Over 260 native vertebrate species are in the parks; numerous additional species may be present but have not been confirmed. Of the native vertebrates, five species are extirpated (or extinct), and over 150 are rare or uncommon. There have been some studies of invertebrates in the area, but there is not enough information to know how many species occur specifically in the parks. Many of the parks' caves contain invertebrates, some of which exist only in one cave and are known nowhere else in the world. In the foothills, where summers are hot and dry and winters are mild, plant life is largely chaparral on the lower slopes, with blue oak and California buckeye in the valleys and on higher slopes. A number of animals live in this area year-round; some breed here, while others winter here. Local species include the gray fox, bobcat, striped and spotted skunks, black bear, wood rat, pocket gopher, white-footed mouse, California quail, scrub jay, lesser goldfinch, wrentit, acorn woodpecker, gopher snake, California king snake, striped racer, western whiptail lizard, and the California newt. 2. What was the author's purpose in writing this passage? reacting emotionally, to praise positive behaviors, and to discourage negative behaviors with timeouts instead of harsh discipline. 5. The author's purpose in writing this passage is to... a. Express frustration about ODD. b. Prove that parents are the cause of ODD. c. Inform the reader about this complex condition. d. Persuade the reader to keep students with ODD out of public school. Read the passage below and answer question 6. EARLY POLITICAL PARTIES The United States has always been a pluralistic society, meaning it has embraced many points of view and many groups with different identities from its beginning. That is not to say that these groups always saw eye to eye. The first political parties developed in the United States as a result of conflicting visions of the American identity. Many politicians believed that wealthy merchants and lawyers represented the country's true identity, but many others saw it in the farmers and workers who formed the country's economic base. The event that brought this disagreement to the surface was the creation of the Bank of the United States in 1791. The bank set out to rid the country of the debts it had accumulated during the American Revolution. Until then, each state was responsible for its own debts. The Bank of the United States, however, wanted to assume these debts and pay them off itself. While many people considered this offer to be a good financial deal for the states, many states were uncomfortable with the arrangement because they saw it as a power play by the federal government. If a central bank had control over the finances of individual states, then the people who owned the bank would profit from the states in the future. This concern was the basis of the disagreement: Who should have more power, the individual states or the central government? The Democratic-Republican Party developed to protest the bank, but it came to represent a vision of America with power spread among states. The Federalist Party was established in defense of the bank, but its ultimate vision was of a strong central government that could help steer the United States toward a more competitive position in the world economy. These different points of view- central government versus separate states-would not be resolved easily. These same disagreements fueled the tension that erupted into the Civil War over half a century later. 6. What is the author's purpose in writing this passage? a. To persuade the reader to accept the Federalist Party's point of view. b. To explain the disagreements between early American political parties. c. To explain the importance of a strong central government. d. To criticize the founders of the Bank of the United States. Read the passage below and answer question 7. PERIMENOPAUSE For most women, the onset of menopause, the period of life when they no longer experience menstrual periods, is gradual. Perimenopause is the time leading up to menopause, an interval when menopause-related changes begin to be noticed. This is the lengthy period during which the ovaries progressively reduce production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone, and a woman's ability to become pregnant is lost. Perimenopause is a normal event in the process of aging, and indicates that the reproductive years are coming to an end. Most women experience the first signs of perimenopause around the age of forty. The first signs likely to be noticed are menopause-related symptoms, such as changes in periods. Menopause itself is said to occur on the day a period has not been experienced for 12 months in a row. Although it is sometimes referred to as "premenopause," perimenopause is also often considered to include the year after menopause occurs. During the onset of menopause, the body's output of several key hormones fluctuates and begins to shut down. Because hormones influence a wide spectrum of body functions, women may experience a variety of symptoms during this process. The symptoms of perimenopause are both physical and emotional and often begin years before a woman's period actually ceases. The cessation of ovulation known as menopause isn't a process that happens overnight; over a protracted period of several years, a woman's body undergoes a progression of changes. Symptoms Many of the symptoms a woman may experience during menopause itself have their onset during the time of perimenopause. Most symptoms can be managed through a combination of diet and exercise. Most women are not immediately aware of the changes their bodies are going through as a result of these hormonal fluctuations and will become aware of changes in the schedule of their periods as the first indication that menopause is at hand. Symptoms experienced during perimenopause include headaches, depression and anxiety, hot flashes and night sweats, insomnia and fatigue, urinary problems and vaginal dryness, weight gain, heart palpitations, and loss of bone mass. Women who have experienced excessive premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms in the past are also likely to experience severe symptoms during perimenopause. Onset and Duration Perimenopause usually takes place between the ages of 45 and 55. In some women, the onset may occur much earlier. The duration of the change is quite variable from woman to woman and may last for as long as 15 years, although 10 years is typical. The timing and progression of the changes varies between individuals, depending on a number of factors including genetics and family history. A woman whose mother or grandmother experienced perimenopause early is likely to do so as well. There is also evidence linking an early onset of perimenopause to factors such as smoking, early childhood cancer, hysterectomy, and women who have not had children. Treatment The symptoms of perimenopause are a normal manifestation of the aging process and do not ordinarily require treatment. Some physicians may choose to monitor the levels of certain hormones- particularly thyroid function-if the symptoms are severe. Under normal circumstances, this is unnecessary. However, if bleeding is extremely heavy, lasts longer than a week, or occurs between periods, a medical professional should be consulted. Symptoms such as these may indicate a more serious underlying gynecological problem. 7. The purpose of this article is to... a. Describe the treatment of perimenopause. b. Enumerate the symptoms that women may experience when going through perimenopause. c. Give an overall description of perimenopause. d. Compare perimenopause to menopause itself. Read the passage below and answer questions 8-9. DISCUSSION OF NATIVE SPEAKER, BY CHANG-RAE LEE Chang-Rae Lee's award-winning debut novel "Native Speaker" is about Henry Park, a Korean- American individual who struggles to find his place as an immigrant in a suburb of New York City. This novel addresses the notion that as the individuals who know us best, our family, peers, and lovers are the individuals who direct our lives and end up defining us. Henry Park is confronted with this reality in the very beginning of the novel, which opens: The day my wife left she gave me a list of who I was. Upon separating from his wife, Park struggles with racial and ethnic identity issues due to his loneliness. Through Park's work as an undercover operative for a private intelligence agency, the author presents the theme of espionage as a metaphor for the internal divide that Park experiences as an immigrant. This dual reality creates two worlds for Park and increases his sense of uncertainty with regard to his place in society. While he constantly feels like an outsider looking in, he also feels like he belongs to neither world. C. Spelling D. Grammar 9. The hybrid tomatoes is immune to most common diseases. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 10. The professor was humiliated when his students reported him to the Dean for verbal abuse. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 11. The con artist hoodwinked the old lady when he sold her fradulent insurance. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 12. The movie star was accused of a misdemeanor, when she stole $15 worth of merchandise from the store. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 13. The congregation sang a comtemporary hymn. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 14. The wound were necrotic when examined. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 15. The defendint exhibited a peevish appearance. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 16. The band director was scheduled to play the piccolo on tuesday. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 17. The renter was remiss; about the rent. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 18. The old man was know for his sapient knowledge. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 19. The inventor create several specious ideas to solve the problem. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar 20. The teacher identified the troublemakers, in her classroom. A. Capitalization B. Punctuation C. Spelling D. Grammar . In the following figure, what is the area of the shaded circle inside of the square? A. 512 B. 256 C. 16 D. 50.24 E. 12.57 2. In the figure below, determine the area of the shaded region of the figure. A. 9.354 B. 10.52 C. 16.437 D. 49 E. 104.86 3. What are the coordinates of point A on the following graph? C. 7 ½ D. 8 E. 8 ½ 7. If XYZ Auto Company sold 23,000 vehicles in 1999, how many were SUV's? A. 2,990 B. 3,030 C. 3,450 D. 4,760 E. 4,775 8. If 7,650 trucks were sold in 1999, how many total vehicles were sold in 1999 by XYZ Auto Company? A. 35,000 B. 40,000 C. 45,000 D. 50,000 E. 55,000 9. If 3,750 2-door sedans were sold in 1999, then how many 4-door sedans were sold in 1999 by XYZ Auto Company? A. 3,578 B. 4,950 C. 5,120 D. 5,670 E. 5,845 10. How much did the infant gain in the first month of life? A. 6 ounces B. 12 ounces C. 15 ounces D. 8 lbs 8 ounces E. 9 lbs 4 ounces 11. What was the average weight of the infant from April to October, rounded to the nearest ounce? A. 10 lbs B. 10 lbs 5 ounces C. 10 lbs 9 ounces D. 11 lbs 5 ounces E. 11 lbs 9 ounces 12. Between which two months did the infant gain the most weight? A. April and May B. June and July C. July and August D. August and September E. September and October 13. In the graph below, no axes or origin is shown. If point B's coordinates are (10,3), which of the following coordinates would most likely be A's? A. (17, -2) B. (10, 6) C. (6, 8) D. (-10, 3) E. (-2, -17) 14. How many boys attended the 1995 convention? C. 896 D. 915 E. 932 6. Which year did the most children take swimming lessons? A. 1990 B. 1991 C. 1992 D. 1994 E. 1995 7. Between which year did the largest decrease in children taking swimming lessons occur? A. 1990-1991 B. 1991-1992 C. 1992-1993 D. 1993-1994 E. 1994-1995 8. What was the average number of children taking swim lessons from 1990 to 1995? A. 250 B. 308 C. 385 D. 450 E. 1,850 9. Which of the following is equal to 5.93 x 10-2? A. 0.0593 B. 0.00593 C. 593 D. 5930 E. 59300 10. On a Map, 1 inch represents 20 miles. The distance between 2 towns is 6 1/5 inches. How many miles are actually between the two towns? A. 65 miles B. 84 miles C. 124 miles D. 138 miles E. 145 miles 11. Which of the following is a correct graph of x>1, x<4 ? A. Line A B. Line B C. Line C D. Line D E. Line E 12. How many cubed pieces of fudge that are 3 inches on an edge can be packed into a Christmas tin that is 9 inches deep by 12 inches wide by 8 inches high with the lid still being able to be closed? A. 18 B. 24 C. 32 D. 36 E. 43 13. Sarah is twice as old as her youngest brother. If the difference between their ages is 15 years. How old is her youngest brother? A. 10 B. 15 C. 20 D. 25 E. 30 14. Which of the following fractions is equal to 5/6? A. 20/30 B. 15/24 C. 25/30 D. 40/54 E. 2/7 15. What will it cost to tile a kitchen floor that is 12 feet wide by 20 feet long if the tile cost $8.91 per square yard? A. $224.51 B. $237.60 C. $246.55 D. $271.38 E. $282.32 16. In a writing competition, the first place winner receives ½ of the prize money. The second runner up receives ¼ of what the winner won. What was the total amount of prize money distributed if the winner receives $6,000? A. $6,000 B. $8,500 C. $12,000 D. $15,000 E. $18,500 A. $617.80 B. $620.92 C. $622.50 D. $626.38 E. $633.20 28. What was the average amount of money that Jessica's budget allowed for clothing the first six months of 2001? A. $249.90 B. $250.40 C. $251.32 D. $253.33 E. $255.75 29. If Jessica only spent 20% instead of the 25% allotment for food in May of 2001, how much did she save? A. $131.10 B. $144.30 C. $148.32 D. $152.22 E. $153.33 30. Jonathan can type a 20 page document in 40 minutes, Susan can type it in 30 minutes, and Jack can type it in 24 minutes. Working together, how much time will it take them to type the same document? A. 5 minutes B. 10 minutes C. 15 minutes D. 18 minutes E. 20 minutes 31. Of the following fractions, which is less than 2/3? A. 7/8 B. 5/6 C. 3/4 D. 3/5 E. 5/7 32. A hockey team won 6 games and lost 8. What is the ratio of wins to number of games? A. 6/8 B. 8/6 C. 3/7 D. 8/14 E. 6/7 33. Sue receives a base salary of $90 weekly plus a 12% commission on all sales. Sue had $3,000 in sales this week. How much did she make total? A. $375 B. $450 C. $480 D. $510 E. $525 34. If the perimeter of a rectangular house is 25 1/3 yards, and the length is 22 feet. What is the width? A. 16 feet B. 35 feet C. 37 feet D. 40 feet E. 42 feet 35. Jimmy made a 15% profit on the sale of a custom designed boat, and the original cost of the boat was $15,000. The boat sold for how much? A. $17,250.00 B. $16,540.44 C. $16,230.34 D. $15,980.55 E. $15,870.88 36. A recent study showed that an increase in body weight by 10 kilograms resulted in a 0.15% increase in heart disease. What fraction is equal to 0.15%? A. 3/2000 B. 2/750 C. 7/4000 D. 5/3462 E. 1/500 37. 6.334 x 104 = A. 0.0006334 B. 0.06334 C. 6334 D. 63340 E. 633400 38. If 3x + 5x = -8, then x + 1 = A. -2 B. -1 C. 0 D. 1 E. 2 39. Two angle in a triangle equal 120°. What is the measure of the third angle? A. 60° B. 70° C. 80° D. 90° E. 120° 40. Which of the following would be an appropriate unit to measure sugar for a cookie recipe? A. Line A B. Line B C. Line C D. Line D E. Line E 8. A scale on a map states that every ¼ of an inch represents 20 miles. If two cities are 3 ½ inches apart, how many miles are actually between the two cities? A. 14 miles B. 20 miles C. 125 miles D. 230 miles E. 280 miles 9. Michelle wants to expand her flowerbed by increasing the length and width each by 2 ft. What will the new area of the flowerbed be, if L and W represent the original dimensions of the flowerbed's length and width? A. 2 LW B. 2 (L+W) C. 2L +2W D. (L+2) (W+2) E. LW/2 10. Melinda's lights went out. She has 3 pairs of red socks in her drawer, 2 pairs of black socks, and 5 pairs of white socks. What is the minimum number of pairs she must remove from the drawer to ensure that she has a pair of each color? A. 3 B. 5 C. 7 D. 9 E. 10 11. Which of the following fractions are correctly placed from the least in value to the greatest in value? A. 1/4, 17/25, 3/4, 11/16 B. 17/25, 1/4, 11/16, 3/4 C. 1/4, 17/25, 11/16, 3/4 D. 1/4, 17/25, 3/4, 11/16 E. 3/4, 17/25, 11/16, 1/4 12. What is the mathematical average of the number of days in a typical year, the number of days in a week, and the number of hours in a day? A. 100 B. 115 C. 132 D. 158 E. 224 13. 1.75 x 105= A. 175,000 B. 17,500 C. 1,750 D. 0.00175 E. 0.000175 14. The electric company charges 3 cents per kilowatt-hour. George used 2800 kilowatt- hours in April, 3200 kilowatt-hours in May, and 3600 kilowatt-hours in June. What was his average cost of electricity for the 3 months? A. $72 B. $88 C. $96 D. $102 E. $113 15. On a map, 1/3 inch equals 15 miles. The distance between two towns on a map is 3 2/3 inches. How many miles are actually between the two towns? A. 11 B. 16 C. 88 D. 132 E. 165 16. James invested $4,000 at 5% interest per year; how long will it take him to earn $200 in simple interest? A. 1 year B. 2 years C. 3 years D. 4 years E. 5 years 17. John pays $650 in property tax. What is the assessed value of his property if property taxes are 1.2% of assessed value? A. $28,800.27 B. $41,328.90 C. $43,768.99 D. $54,166.67 E. $64,333.39 18. A lamp is marked with a sale price of $23.80, which is 15% off of the regular price. What is the regular price? A. $26 B. $28 C. $30 D. $32 E. $43 19. A mattress store sells their stock for 15% off of retail. If someone pays cash, they take an additional 10% off of the discounted price. If a mattress's retail price is $750, what is the price after the store discount and the cash discount? A. $550.75 B. $562.50 C. $573.75 D. $637.50 E. $675.00 C. 0.0053935 D. 10.195652 E. 101.95652 29. A men's basketball team won 24 games and lost 32. What is the ratio of games lost to the number of games played? A. 32:24 B. 4:3 C. 3:4 D. 4:7 E. 3:7 30. Which of the following choices is equivalent to 5/6? A. 5/12 B. 10/6 C. 20/30 D. 15/24 E. 15/18 31. Jill earns $120 for 8 hours of work. At the same pay rate, how much will she earn for 15 hours of work? A. $180 B. $225 C. $245 D. $280 E. $310 32. Which two years were the least number of tires sold? A. 1998 and 1999 B. 1998 and 2000 C. 1998 and 2001 D. 1999 and 2000 E. 2000 and 2001 33. Which year did the store sell 1/3 more tires than the year before? A. 1998 B. 1999 C. 2000 D. 2001 E. This did not occur during the 4 year span. 34. What was the average number of tires sold by the store from 1998 to 2001? A. 9,000 B. 9,375 C. 9,545 D. 9,770 E. 9,995 35. A salesman sold 20 cars in the month of July, and 40 cars the month of August. What is the percent increase in the number of cars the salesman sold? A. 50% B. 100% C. 150% D. 200% E. 250% 36. If one side of a square is 5 units, what is the area of the square? A. 10 B. 15 C. 20 D. 25 E. 30 37. If 8x + 5 = 21, then 3 x + 4 = A. 2 B. 5 C. 10 D. 16 E. 17 38. In triangle ABC, AB=BC and (C's measure is 65°.) What is the measure of angle B? A. 40° B. 50° C. 60° D. 65° E. 75° 39. If the average arithmetic mean of 8, 12, 15, 21, x and 11 is 17 then what is x? A. 3 B. 15 C. 17 D. 35 E. 42 40. Sarah has a 20 dollar bill and a 5 dollar bill. If she purchases two items, one for $11.23 and the other for $8.32, then how much money does she have left over? 10. Divide x5 by x2 A. x25 B. x10 C. x7 D. x3 E. x2.5 11. Which of the following numbers could be described in the following way: an integer that is a natural, rational and whole number? A. 0 B. 1 C. 2.33 D. -3 E. none of the above 12. Find the mode of the following list of numbers: 2, 4, 6, 4, 8, 2, 9, 4, 3, 8 A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5 E. 6 13. In the fraction 3/x, x may not be substituted by which of the following sets? A. {1, 2, 4} B. {-2,-3,-4} C. {1, 3, 7} D. {0, 10, 20} E. {1.8, 4.3} 14. Sarah needs to make a cake and some cookies. The cake requires 3/8 cup of sugar and the cookies require 3/5 cup of sugar. Sarah has 15/16 cups of sugar. Does she have enough sugar, or how much more does she need? A. She has enough sugar. B. She needs 1/8 of a cup of sugar. C. She needs 3/80 of a cup of sugar. D. She needs 4/19 of a cup of sugar. E. She needs 1/9 of a cup of sugar. 15. At a company fish fry, ½ in attendance are employees. Employees' spouses are ⅓ of the attendance. What is the percentage of the people in attendance who are not employees or employee spouses? A. 10.5% B. 16.7% C. 25% D. 32.3% E. 38% 16. In a college, some courses contribute more towards an overall GPA than other courses. For example, a science class is worth 4 points; mathematics is worth 3 points; History is worth 2 points; and English is worth 3 points. The values of the grade letters are as follows, A= 4, B=3, C=2, D=1, F=0. What is the GPA of a student who made a "C" in Trigonometry, a "B" in American History, an "A" in Botany, and a "B" in Microbiology? A. 2.59 B. 2.86 C. 3.08 D. 3.33 E. 3.67 17. There are 8 ounces in a ½ pound. How many ounces are in 7 3/4 lbs? A. 12 ounces B. 86 ounces C. 119 ounces D. 124 ounces E. 138 ounces 18. If the value of x and y in the fraction XZ/Y are both tripled, how does the value of the fraction change? A. increases by half B. decreases by half C. triples D. doubles E. remains the same 19. What is the next number in the following pattern? 1, ½, ¼, ⅛, A. 1/10 B. 1/12 C. 1/14 D. 1/15 E. 1/16 20. Of the following units which would be more likely used to measure the amount of water in a bathtub? A. kilograms B. liters C. milliliters D. centigrams E. volts 21. If a match box is 0.17 feet long, what is its length in inches the most closely comparable to the following? A. 5 1/16 inch highlighter B. 3 1/8 inch jewelry box C. 2 3/4 inch lipstick D. 2 3/16 inch staple remover E. 4 1/2 inch calculator 22. Which of the following fractions is the equivalent of 0.5%? A. 1/20 B. 1/200 C. 1/2000 D. 1/5 E. 1/500 23. In the graph below, no axes or origin is shown. If point B's coordinates are (10,3), which of the following coordinates would most likely be A's? 31. The last week of a month a car dealership sold 12 cars. A new sales promotion came out the first week of the next month and the sold 19 cars that week. What was the percent increase in sales from the last week of the previous month compared to the first week of the next month? A. 58% B. 119% C. 158% D. 175% E. 200% 32. If 8x + 5x + 2x + 4x = 114, the 5x + 3 = A. 12 B. 25 C. 33 D. 47 E. 86 33. If two planes leave the same airport at 1:00 PM, how many miles apart will they be at 3:00 PM if one travels directly north at 150 mph and the other travels directly west at 200 mph? A. 50 miles B. 100 miles C. 500 miles D. 700 miles E. 1,000 miles 34. What is the cost in dollars to steam clean a room W yards wide and L yards long it the steam cleaners charge 10 cents per square foot? A. 0.9WL B. 0.3WL C. 0.1WL D. 9WL E. 3WL 35. Find 8.23 x 109 A. 0.00000000823 B. 0.000000823 C. 8.23 D. 8230000000 E. 823000000000 36. During a 5-day festival, the number of visitors tripled each day. If the festival opened on a Thursday with 345 visitors, what was the attendance on that Sunday? A. 345 B. 1,035 C. 1,725 D. 3,105 E. 9,315 37. Which of the following has the least value? A. 0.27 B. 1/4 C. 3/8 D. 2/11 E. 11% 38. How many boys attended the 1995 convention? A. 358 B. 390 C. 407 D. 540 E. 716 39. Which year did the same number of boys and girls attend the conference? A. 1995 B. 1996 C. 1997 D. 1998 E. None 40. Which two years did the least number of boys attend the convention? A. 1995 and 1996 B. 1995 and 1998 C. 1996 and 1997 D. 1997 and 1994 E. 1997 and 1998 1. What will it cost to carpet a room with indoor/outdoor carpet if the room is 10 feet wide and 12 feet long? The carpet costs 12.51 per square yard. A. $166.80 B. $175.90 C. $184.30 D. $189.90 E. $192.20 2. If the perimeter of a rectangular house is 44 yards, and the length is 36 feet, what is the width of the house? A. 10 yards B. 18 yards C. 28 feet D. 32 feet E. 36 yards 3. What is the volume of the following cylinder? D. 9WL E. 3WL 11. One inch equals 2.54 cm, How many centimeters tall is a 76 inch man? A. 20 cm B. 29.92 cm C. 193.04 cm D. 300.04 cm E. 593.04 cm 12. A room measures 11 ft x 12 ft x 9 ft. What is the volume? A. 1188 ft3 B. 32 ft3 C. 120 ft3 D. 1300 ft3 E. 1350 ft3 13. A vitamin's expiration date has passed. It was supposed to contain 500 mg of Calcium, but it has lost 325 mg of Calcium. How many mg of Calcium are left? A. 135 mg B. 175 mg C. 185 mg D. 200 mg E. 220 mg 14. You have orders to give a patient 20 mg of a certain medication. The medication is stored 4 mg per 5-mL dose. How many milliliters will need to be given? A. 15 mL B. 20 mL C. 25 mL D. 30 mL E. 35 mL 15. You need exactly a 1680 ft3 aquarium for your fish. At the pet store you see four choices of aquariums, but the volume is not listed. The length, width, and height are listed on the box. Which of the following aquariums would fit your needs? A. 12 ft x 12 ft x 12 ft B. 13 ft x 15 ft x 16 ft C. 14 ft x 20 ft x 6 ft D. 15 ft x 16 ft x 12 ft E. 15 ft x 12 ft x 12 ft 16. One slice of bread is 80 calorie. Approximately how many calories are in 2 ½ slices of bread? A. 140 calories B. 200 calories C. 220 calories D. 240 calories E. 260 calories Select the answer choice that identifies the noun in the sentence. 1. It will take all of your energy and will to be able to walk again. A. Take B. All C. Your D. Energy 2. The works of many great poets have been placed on reserve. A. Many B. Great C. Placed D. Reserve 3. The Brooklyn Bridge was opened in 1883. A. Bridge B. Was C. Opened D. In 4. Sparta and Athens were enemies during the Peloponnesian War. A. And B. Were C. During D. War 5. Sharks and lampreys are not true fish because their skeletons are made of cartilage rather than bone. A. True B. Because C. Their D. Bone 6. Joe, have you met your new boss? A. Have B. Met C. Your D. Boss 7. Sue's parents tried living in the north, but they could not adapt to the cold. A. North B. But C. Not D. Adapt 8. Mastering basic mathematics is an important goal for younger students. A. Mastering B. Important C. Younger D. Students 9. To seize a foreign embassy and its inhabitants is flagrant disregard for diplomatic neutrality. A. Seize B. Its C. Flagrant D. Neutrality E. 105% 9. If 45 is 120% of a number, what is 80% of the same number? A. 30 B. 32 C. 36 D. 38 E. 41 10. How long will Lucy have to wait before her $2,500 invested at 6% earns $600 in simple interest? A. 2 years B. 3 years C. 4 years D. 5 years E. 6 years 11. What is 35% of a number if 12 is 15% of a number? A. 5 B. 12 C. 28 D. 33 E. 62 12. A computer is on sale for $1600, which is a 20% discount off the regular price. What is the regular price? A. $1800 B. $1900 C. $2000 D. $2100 E. $2200 13. A car dealer sells a SUV for $39,000, which represents a 25% markup over the dealer's cost. What was the cost of the SUV to the dealer? A. $29,250 B. $31,200 C. $32,500 D. $33,800 E. $33,999 14. After having to pay increased income taxes this year, Edmond has to sell his BMW. Edmond bought the car for $49,000, but he sold it for a 20% loss. What did Edmond sell the car for? A. $24,200 B. $28,900 C. $35,600 D. $37,300 E. $39,200 15. At a company fish fry, ½ in attendance are employees. Employees' spouses are 1/3 of the attendance. What is the percentage of the people in attendance who are not employees or employee spouses? A. 10.5% B. 16.7% C. 25% D. 32.3% E. 38% 16. If 6 is 24% of a number, what is 40% of the same number A. 8 B. 10 C. 15 D. 20 E. 25 17. 25% of 400 = A. 100 B. 200 C. 800 D. 10,000 E. 12,000 18. 22% of $900 = A. 90 B. 198 C. 250 D. 325 E. 375 19. Which of the following percentages is equal to 0.45? A. 0.045% B. 0.45% C. 4.5% D. 45% E. 0.0045% 20. Which of these percentages equals 1.25? A. 0.125% B. 12.5% C. 125% D. 1250% E. 1250.5% Questions 1 through 7 refer to the following passage: In the 16th century, an age of great marine and terrestrial exploration, Ferdinand Magellan led the first expedition to sail around the world. As a young Portuguese noble, he served the king of Portugal, but he became involved in the quagmire of political intrigue at court and lost the king's favor. After he was dismissed from service by the king of Portugal, he offered to serve the future Emperor Charles V of Spain. Marie was born in 1867 in Warsaw, Poland, where her father was a professor of physics. At an early age, she displayed a brilliant mind and a blithe personality. Her great exuberance for learning prompted her to continue with her studies after high school. She became disgruntled, however, when she learned that the university in Warsaw was closed to women. Determined to receive a higher education, she defiantly left Poland and in 1891 entered the Sorbonne, a French university, where she earned her master's degree and doctorate in physics. Marie was fortunate to have studied at the Sorbonne with some of the greatest scientists of her day, one of whom was Pierre Curie. Marie and Pierre were married in 1895 and spent many productive years working together in the physics laboratory. A short time after they discovered radium, Pierre was killed by a horse-drawn wagon in 1906. Marie was stunned by this horrible misfortune and endured heartbreaking anguish. Despondently she recalled their close relationship and the joy that they had shared in scientific research. The fact that she had two young daughters to raise by herself greatly increased her distress. Curie's feeling of desolation finally began to fade when she was asked to succeed her husband as a physics professor at the Sorbonne. She was the first woman to be given a professorship at the world- famous university. In 1911 she received the Nobel Prize in chemistry for isolating radium. Although Marie Curie eventually suffered a fatal illness from her long exposure to radium, she never became disillusioned about her work. Regardless of the consequences, she had dedicated herself to science and to revealing the mysteries of the physical world. 8. The Curies' collaboration helped to unlock the secrets of the atom. A. friendly B. competitive C. courteous D. industrious E. chemistry 9. Marie had a bright mind and a personality. A. strong B. lighthearted C. humorous D. strange E. envious 10. When she learned that she could not attend the university in Warsaw, she felt . A. hopeless B. annoyed C. depressed D. worried E. None of the above 11. Marie by leaving Poland and traveling to France to enter the Sorbonne. A. challenged authority B. showed intelligence C. behaved D. was distressed E. Answer not available 12. she remembered their joy together. A. Dejectedly B. Worried C. Tearfully D. Happily E. Irefully 13. Her began to fade when she returned to the Sorbonne to succeed her husband. A. misfortune B. anger C. wretchedness D. disappointment E. ambition 14. Even though she became fatally ill from working with radium, Marie Curie was never . A. troubled B. worried C. disappointed D. sorrowful E. disturbed The following passage refers to questions 15 through 19. Mount Vesuvius, a volcano located between the ancient Italian cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, has received much attention because of its frequent and destructive eruptions. The most famous of these eruptions occurred in A.D. 79. The volcano had been inactive for centuries. There was little warning of the coming eruption, although one account unearthed by archaeologists says that a hard rain and a strong wind had disturbed the celestial calm during the preceding night. Early the next morning, the volcano poured a huge river of molten rock down upon Herculaneum, completely burying the city and filling the harbor with coagulated lava. Meanwhile, on the other side of the mountain, cinders, stone and ash rained down on Pompeii. Sparks from the burning ash ignited the combustible rooftops quickly. Large portions of the city were destroyed in the conflagration. Fire, however, was not the only cause of destruction. Poisonous sulfuric gases saturated the air. These heavy gases were not buoyant in the atmosphere and therefore sank toward the earth and suffocated people. Over the years, excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum have revealed a great deal about the behavior of the volcano. By analyzing data, much as a zoologist dissects an animal specimen, scientists have concluded that the eruption changed large portions of the area's geography. For instance, it turned the Sarno River from its course and raised the level of the beach along the Bay of Naples. Meteorologists studying these events have also concluded that Vesuvius caused a huge tidal wave that affected the world's climate. In addition to making these investigations, archaeologists have been able to study the skeletons of victims by using distilled water to wash away the volcanic ash. By strengthening the brittle bones with acrylic paint, scientists have been able to examine the skeletons and draw conclusions about the diet and habits of the residents. Finally, the excavations at both Pompeii and Herculaneum have yielded many examples of classical art, such as jewelry made of bronze, which is an alloy of copper and tin. The eruption of Mount Vesuvius and its tragic consequences have provided everyone with a wealth of data about the effects that volcanoes can have on the surrounding area. Today, volcanologists can locate and predict eruptions, saving lives and preventing the destruction of other cities and cultures. 15. Herculaneum and its harbor were buried under lava. A. liquid B. solid C. flowing D. gas E. Answer not available 16. The poisonous gases were not in the air. A. able to float B. visible A. complete B. warlike C. independent D. isolated E. Answer not available 23. The two battles left the Spanish fleet . A. open to change B. triumphant C. open to attack D. defeated E. discouraged 24. The Armada was on one side. A. closed off B. damaged C. alone D. circled E. Answer not available in this article The following passage refers to questions 25-29. The victory of the small Greek democracy of Athens over the mighty Persian Empire in 490 B.C. is one of the most famous events in history. Darius, king of the Persian Empire, was furious because Athens had interceded for the other Greek city-states in revolt against Persian domination. In anger the king sent an enormous army to defeat Athens. He thought it would take drastic steps to pacify the rebellious part of the empire. Persia was ruled by one man. In Athens, however, all citizens helped to rule. Ennobled by this participation, Athenians were prepared to die for their city-state. Perhaps this was the secret of the remarkable victory at Marathon, which freed them from Persian rule. On their way to Marathon, the Persians tried to fool some Greek city-states by claiming to have come in peace. The frightened citizens of Delos refused to believe this. Not wanting to abet the conquest of Greece, they fled from their city and did not return until the Persians had left. They were wise, for the Persians next conquered the city of Eritrea and captured its people. Tiny Athens stood alone against Persia. The Athenian people went to their sanctuaries. There they prayed for deliverance. They asked their gods to expedite their victory. The Athenians refurbished their weapons and moved to the plain of Marathon, where their little band would meet the Persians. At the last moment, soldiers from Plataea reinforced the Athenian troops. The Athenian army attacked, and Greek citizens fought bravely. The power of the mighty Persians was offset by the love that the Athenians had for their city. Athenians defeated the Persians in both archery and hand combat. Greek soldiers seized Persian ships and burned them, and the Persians fled in terror. Herodotus, a famous historian, reports that 6,400 Persians died, compared to only 192 Athenians. 25. Athens had the other Greek city-states against the Persians. A. refused help to B. intervened on behalf of C. wanted to fight D. given orders for all to fight E. defeated 26. Darius took drastic steps to the rebellious Athenians. A. weaken B. destroy C. calm D. irritate E. Answer not available 27. Their participation to the Athenians. A. gave comfort B. gave honor C. gave strength D. gave fear E. gave hope 28. The people of Delos did not want to the conquest of Greece. A. end B. encourage C. think about D. daydream about E. Answer not available 29. The Athenians were by some soldiers who arrived from Plataea. A. welcomed B. strengthened C. held D. captured E. Answer not available The following passage refers to questions 30-32. The Trojan War is one of the most famous wars in history. It is well known for the 10-year duration, for the heroism of a number of legendary characters, and for the Trojan horse. What may not be familiar, however, is the story of how the war began. According to Greek myth, the strife between the Trojans and the Greeks started at the wedding of Peleus, King of Thessaly, and Thetis, a sea nymph. All of the gods and goddesses had been invited to the wedding celebration in Troy except Eris, goddess of discord. She had been omitted from the guest list because her presence always embroiled mortals and immortals alike in conflict. To take revenge on those who had slighted her, Eris decided to cause a skirmish. Into the middle of the banquet hall, she threw a golden apple marked "for the most beautiful." All of the goddesses began to haggle over who should possess it. The gods and goddesses reached a stalemate when the choice was narrowed to Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite. Someone was needed to settle the controversy by picking a winner. The job eventually fell to Paris, son of King Priam of Troy, who was said to be a good judge of beauty. Paris did not have an easy job. Each goddess, eager to win the golden apple, tried aggressively to bribe him. "I'll grant you vast kingdoms to rule," promised Hera. "Vast kingdoms are nothing in comparison with my gift," contradicted Athena. "Choose me and I'll see that you win victory and fame in war." Aphrodite outdid her adversaries, however. She won the golden apple by offering Helen, daughter of Zeus and the most beautiful mortal in the land, to Paris. Paris, anxious to claim Helen, set off for Sparta in Greece. Although Paris learned that Helen was married, he nevertheless accepted the hospitality of her husband, King Menelaus of Sparta. Therefore, Menelaus was outraged for a number of reasons when Paris departed, taking Helen and much of the king's wealth back to Troy. Menelaus collected his loyal forces and set sail for Troy to begin the war to reclaim Helen. 30. Eris was known for both mortals and immortals. A. scheming against B. creating conflict amongst C. feeling hostile toward D. ignoring E. comforting 31. Each goddess tried to bribe Paris.