Effectiveness of Management Theories, Exercises for Management Theory
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Effectiveness of Management Theories, Exercises for Management Theory

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Effectiveness of Management Theories

Management is an activity involving tasks and achieving the objectives of the organization

and there is no one style towards effective management. This means that the manager in a

management position takes the credit of everything he achieves, which also means that every

failure or praise in such organization goes to the manager. The organization's output translates the vision, dedication and integrity of managers and determines whether

management or mismanagement is present (Drucker 1974). On this note, this paper will

critically reflect on management theories and philosophy with the most effective approach to

managing the operations and processes, why they are important and the strategies.

Bureaucratic management can be described as a formal organizational system for maintaining

efficiency and efficiency based on clearly defined hierarchical levels and roles in Order. Max

Weber embellished the theory of scientific management with his theory of bureaucratic

management, which focuses mainly on dividing organizations into hierarchies, establishing

strong lines of authority and control. Weber proposed that these organizations develop

comprehensive and detailed standards for all routine tasks and it is based on six principles

which are job specialization, authority hierarchy, employment and career, recording, rule and

procedures, and impersonality.

A more recent example of contemporary bureaucracy and its effectiveness on working life

comes from George Ritzer, who referred to the McDonald's fast food chain as the archetypal

organization of the early 21st century. Mirroring Weber, Ritzer depicts four unique features of

McDonald's operations: efficiency, calculability, predictability and human control through the

use of non-human technology. Robin Leidner research supports the conception of

McDonald’s as a stereotypical impersonal, bureaucratic organization. Dealing with individual

customers, one of their central activities and is difficult to routinize, this is accomplished

through the use of numerous formal rules and procedures, as well as prepared scripts that workers use when interacting with customers. Food preparation is highly routinized through

the technologies that require little or no judgment on the part of the cooks, such as dispensers

that always supply an exact quantity of ketchup and cash registers that tell cashiers how

much change to give customers. For managers and owners of individual restaurants,

McDonald’s provides “the Bible,” an exhaustive manual covering all the procedures and

standards to be employed.

These key elements of “McDonaldization” have served the firm well, and these

organizational rules and routines has work to the advantage of McDonald’s employees. The

well-defined routines reduce uncertainty and conflict over who is supposed to do what.

Routinization also shields employees from clashes with customers because the workers can

defend and justify their actions by noting that they are simply doing what they were required

to do.

Conclusively, the major advantage of a bureaucracy is that large organizations with many

hierarchical layers can structure themselves and work effectively. It is precisely the

established rules and procedures that enable all employees to perform their jobs highly

efficiently and consistently. It also makes it easier for management to keep control and adjust

when needed. In organizations where legislation plays an important role in achieving a

consistent output, bureaucracy is particularly unavoidable.

Reference

Essays, UK. (November 2018). Examine How Bureaucracy Principles Continue To Impact

Business Essay. Retrieved from https://www.ukessays.com/essays/business/examine-

how-bureaucracy-principles-continue-to-impact-business-essay.php?vref=1

Mulder, P. (2017). Bureaucratic Theory by Max Weber. Retrieved from

https://www.toolshero.com/management/bureaucratic-theory-weber/

Magadza, C. (2019). The importance of the bureaucratic management theory in today’s

organizations. Retrieved from

http://www.academia.edu/5639613/

The_importance_of_the_bureaucratic_management_theory_in_todays_organizations

Nov 12, 2007. 5 Bureaucratic Organization - Sage Publications, Retrieved from

https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/19284_Chapter_5.pdf

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