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FUNCTIONAL ENGLISH (Marks 100) Module A (3 hours) Q.1 (a) Match the correct meanings for the following idioms: (i) To run around in circles To face the problem upfront (ii) To take (someone) for a ride To be in serious trouble (iii) To take the bull by the horns To do a lot of activity but accomplish little (iv) To turn the tide To have a hearty appetite (v) To rise to the occasion To fail to seize an advantage (vi) To miss a golden opportunity To meet the challenge (vii) To be in hot water To change what looks like defeat into
victory (viii) To eat like a horse To fool or trick someone (08) (b) Identify the parts of speech that the underlined words in each sentence belong to: (i) It is not fair to the students if we keep changing the time table. (0.5) (ii) They’ll respect you as long as you play fair. (0.5) (iii) No amount of make-up could hide her age. (0.5) (iv) All he is worried about is his own hide. (0.5) (v) She’s a changed woman since she got the job. (0.5) (vi) She is someone who hates change. (0.5) (vii) Now, you listen to me good. (0.5) (viii) Cuts have been made for the good of the company. (0.5)Q.2 (a) Punctuate the given passages: (i) We must find out which plane uncle is arriving on my mother said then we
can phone the airport and find out if its on time (02) (ii) Shazia asked what did Sanam say when you gave her the letter Alia replied
as far as i can remember she said thats good or something like that (02) (b) Change the following sentences into direct speech: (i) He begged us to give him another chance. (01) (ii) I asked him what time he would pick me. (01) (iii) I asked the travel agent for some brochures. (01) (iv) He told us that it had been raining while we were away. (01) (v) Rehman asked what time the office would close that evening. (01) (vi) Sarah told her brother to be careful whilst crossing the road. (01) (c) Change the voice of the following: (i) I know her. (01) (ii) I have arranged a party for him. (01) (iii) Someone has stolen the apparatus. (01) (iv) Who taught you grammar? (01) (v) The leaders are seeking a fair resolution to the crisis. (01) (vi) The CIA director and his close advisors have pursued a policy of whitewashing. (01)
Q.3 (a) Complete each of the following sentences with the positive, comparative or superlative form of the adverb given in brackets.
(i) The ______ you study, the poorer your marks will be. (little) (01) (ii) Seagulls fly ______ than ducks do. (well) (01) (iii) The ______ you exercise, the stronger you will become. (more) (01) (iv) He explains the subject the ______ of all the teachers in the school. (well) (01) (v) Advanced skiers complete the course twice as______ as beginners. (rapidly) (01) (vi) The ______ I walk, the more refreshed I feel. (far) (01) (b) What do the following abbreviations stand for? (i) GMT (01) (ii) UFO (01) (iii) WHO (01) (iv) FOB (01) (v) MoU (01) (vi) IMF (01) Q.4 (a) Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition: (i) He lives ______ 19, Tower Road. (01) (ii) Tom and his friend will divide the money ______ themselves. (01) (iii) He has been away ______ Friday. (01) (iv) John, Tim and Sara will discuss the matter ______ themselves. (01) (v) I have known her______ last year. (01) (vi) There are many possibilities ______ the one I have mentioned. (01) (b) Complete the sentences by filling the blanks with the appropriate phrasal verbs
given below: (Sort out, fell through, put forward, take over, stepped down, left over, carried out) (i) The company’s boss has ______ after ten years. (01) (ii) The two sides were close to an agreement but it ______ (01) (iii) Large companies sometimes ______ smaller ones. (01) (iv) The consultants ______ a proposal to re-organize the company. (01) Q.5 On February 20, 2007, you went to an airport to catch a 2300 hours flight. You were
treated unfairly at the airport. The security staff subjected you to unnecessary questioning and waiting for hours. Write a letter to the Public Relations Manager, Civil Aviation Department against the offensive behaviour of the security personnel. Urge him to undertake a thorough investigation to prevent recurrence of such incidents in the future. Maintain a firm but respectful tone. You may assume necessary details. The body of the letter should contain the following:
- detail of the event; - resultant consequences; - suggestion for investigation; - solution and future course of action. (10)
Q.6 Read the following passage and answer the questions given below: Many Singaporeans subscribe to the mentality of “Kiasu-ism” (meaning afraid to lose) in order to get ahead in our competitive world. Indeed, many of us will testify to having friends whose schedules are cramped with all kinds of enrichment or tuition programmes because their parents are worried that their school is not providing enough instructions. Unfortunately, neither cramming nor brains hold the answers to a success story. The top-scorers attain academic excellence by mastering a few basic principles that others can easily learn. To begin with, top students know how to set their priorities right. Study time is never compromised for phone calls, TV programmes or snacks. In other words it is always placed above recreation. Study times are strictly a matter of the students’ personal preference. Some thrive at night when all is silent. Others prefer to study as soon as they come home from school when the lessons are fresh in their minds. However, all agree that consistency is a main factor if one is to perform well at all times. A student must also learn to be organized. For example, a top student who is actively involved in his school, track and field, rugby association and debate team disclosed that he keeps his things in their proper places because he simply cannot afford time-wasting searches. Another student immediately files the day’s notes in folders so that they are available near the examinations. Another technique advocated by top students is to read effectively. This includes speed-reading, improving one’s memory or retention ability, and actively asking questions that will lead to a full understanding of the author’s message. It is also important for the students to know how to schedule their time. They must know how to pace each assignment, project or dateline according to their daily timetable and work ability so that they might not be overwhelmed by the tasks at hand. Being able to set timetables not only allows students more time to review and polish their work, it also prevents them from procrastinating. In the classroom context, it is equally important for students to speak up and ask questions. This is perhaps the best way for a student to clarify any doubts. Classroom participation also demonstrates a student’s intellectual curiosity. The value of studying together was demonstrated in an experiment. The study revealed that students who discussed homework and problems together, tried different approaches and explained their solutions to one another scored higher than those who laboured on their own. The experiment also illuminated on the value of hypothetical tests conducted among the students and on their own. This means that students frame tentative test questions and give each other or themselves written examinations the day before a test. Experts confirmed that students who devise possible test questions often find many of the same questions during real examination and thus score higher. Another technique employed by top students is to do more than the assigned homework. Last but not the least, all experts and top students agree that the most important “secret” of super-achievers lies in the crucial contribution by parents. From infancy, super- achievers were taught the importance of learning by their parents. The latter set high standards for their children and held them to those standards. Instead of pressuring their children, these parents were always gentle and took pains to explain and motivate. They impressed the lessons of responsibility on their children and the children delivered.
(a) Give a suitable title to this passage. (01) (b) What are the benefits of getting organized? (02) (c) What is effective reading? (03) (d) Describe how students might benefit from setting timetables. (02) (e) Write a précis of about 180 words in your own words. Word count carries
Q. 7 Write a conversation between Ahmed and Adnan about how they spend their week days. Write five dialogues spoken by each of them, making it real and interesting. (08)
Q.8 Write an essay of about 350 words on any one of the following topics. Word count
carries marks. (i) The Dengue Fever Scare. (ii) Technology – Makes life Simpler or Complicated? (iii) Promoting Tourism – one of the fastest ways to boost a country’s economy. (iv) Global Warming – Consequences and Effects. (16) Note: Name, Roll No, and signatures should not be disclosed in any letter or any