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Information Technology, Lecture notes of Information Technology

The digital age, also known as the Information age, is a period when the computer and the internet were introduced.

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2023/2024

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Download Information Technology and more Lecture notes Information Technology in PDF only on Docsity! Living in the IT Era Millennials and The Rise of the Information Society  The digital age, also known as the Information age, is a period when the computer and the internet were introduced. It is caused by the rapid shift from traditional industry to computerization all the way to artificial intelligence which was brought by the Industrial Revolution. These technologies enabled people to communicate information easily and rapidly.  Digital Technology has become prevalent and widely used around the world. Information can be accessed easily, especially with the use of the internet. House chores and jobs are getting automated with the help of machines and equipment. Mobile phones have become very useful in every area of life --- in education, entertainment, jobs, etc. Digital technologies have radically changed the way people work, consume, and communicate over a short period of time. The ICT and its Role in Social Change - Information Communications Technology (ICT) has the power to transform society. ICT is defined as a group of interrelated technologies (electronic devices) for accessing, processing, and disseminating information. It is a system of electronic networks activated through complex hardware and software systems linked by a vast array of technical protocols. - Social change refers to a transformation of culture and social organizations/structures over time. - The emergence of Internet, World Wide Web, mobile cell phones, digital television, and several other new electronic devices pertaining to information and communication technologies (ICTs) are opening a fresh passageway for transforming the way we live, work, learn, communicate, and provides a strategic opportunity of diverse and significant social and economic benefits to people across the communication strategic opportunity globe. It also enables financial inclusion through e-commerce and allows people to connect with millions instantaneously. - Social change refers to a transformation of culture and social organizations/structures over time. The advent of new technologies, the world of entertainment is constantly evolving. Digital broadcasting has completely changed the way we experience television and radio. Cinema can now be found in the comfort of your home through applications such as Netflix, iFlix, etc. Effects of ICT  Business - Alters labor market composition. - Replaces certain skillset jobs with technology or higher skilled labor. -Potentially leads to the complete automation of certain jobs. Digitalization presents opportunities: - Creates employment in new and existing industries. - Enables job-to-job mobility through online job search tools. The digital economy shifts the nature of work: - Fewer physical demands in jobs. - More emotional strain on desk-workers. Emerging opportunities in the digital economy: - New jobs in ICT and various sectors. Reasons for technological progress leading to job creation: - Efficiency gains and cost-savings can spur job creation within industries. - Expanding market and increased demand contribute. - Productivity improvement in one sector has positive impacts across the economy. Potential outcomes: - Short-term unemployment among displaced workers. - Potential for economy-wide employment gains through these processes. - Automation impact estimated through task replacement predictions. - Previous predictions underestimated automation impact. - Current estimates focus on task-level effects rather than entire job categories. - Job tasks at risk of automation include food preparation, cleaning, laboring, assembly. - Job tasks less likely to be automated include teaching, healthcare, personal care. - Experts suggest potential automation of jobs like lawyers, financial analysts, journalists. - AI algorithms can replace human actions, even creative ones. - Teleworking (Work from Home) offerswork-life balance opportunity. - Benefits include improved time management and reduced commuting. - Teleworkers tend to have higher job satisfaction. Positive effects observed: - Shorter commuting times. - Increased flexibility in work schedule. - Enhanced overall work-life balance. Health Digitalization impacts health through new physical and mental health risks. - Mental health issues linked to excessive digital technology use, particularly among young people. - Decreased physical activity due to digital activities. Health-care delivery transformed by digital technologies: - Introduction of electronic records. - New treatment options. - Tele-care and teleconsultation.
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