Introduction to Audiology Past Paper 2014, Exercises for Neuroscience

Introduction to Audiology Past Paper 2014, Exercises for Neuroscience

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MACQUARIE yy UNIVERSITY This question paper may be retained by candidates. SESSION 1 FORMAL EXAMINATIONS - JUNE/JULY 2014 EXAMINATION DETAILS: Unit Code: | SPH 309° Unit Name: : Introduction to Audiology | ‘Duration of exam: i Three hours plus 10 minutes reading time. | Total no. of questions: ~ 4 “Total no. of pages (incl. this cover r3 a oe _ Sheet): - Lo. ee - ee me 2 INSTRUCTIONS: Answer ALL questions. The value of each question is shown in brackets after the question. Begin each answer on a new page. All answers must be written in INK. Answers written in pencil wil! not be marked. MATERIALS NOT PERMITTED: No calculators permitted. No dictionaries permitted. with another student once they have entered the final examination venue. * Candidates may not write or mark the exam materiais in any way during reading time. + Candidates are required to obey all instructions provided by the Final Examination Supervisor and must refrain from communicating in any way * Candidates may only access authorised materials during this examination. A list of authorised material is available on this cover sheet. If it is alleged you have breached these rules af any time during the examination, the matter may be reported to the University Discipline Committee for determination. 1. What tests can be used to differentiate between a conductive loss and a sensorineural loss in a 53 year old adult? Include a description of each test, what information it provides and how it can be used for differential diagnosis. [25 Marks] 2. A79 year ald retired pensioner, Mr Mitchell, is referred for a hearing assessment. During the case history Mr Mitchell mentions that he feels he is missing out in conversation, particularly when there is background noise present. He also admits to having the TV volume up quite loud and he sometimes misses the phone ringing if he is not in the same room. Mr Mitchell is very socially active as he plays lawn bowis twice weekly and attends Rotary meetings on a regular basis. He also enjoys attending the theatre with his wife. He is generally very healthy and has no dexterity or vision difficulties. His test results are over the page. a. Describe the audiometric results. [10 Marks} b. Describe the type of rehabilitation you would recommend (including appropriate devices) and why. [15 Marks] c. Where could Mr Mitchell access his hearing rehabilitation? [5 Marks] 3. A4 year old girl, Kristy, is referred to you for audiological assessment. (25 Marks} a. What test battery will you use for this child? (include in your answer what information each test will provide) b. Kristy has a history of Otitis Media with Effusion. Your test results show a bilateral conductive hearing loss. What are the treatment options for Otitis media with Effusion? 4. Write short notes on the following [5 Marks each} a. Describe how hearing aids and cochlear implants differ b. Describe the main parts of the peripheral auditory system. c. What are acoustic reflexes? Why do we use acoustic reflex testing? d. Define the difference between bedside and clinical tests of balance. [0 HEARING LEVELS IN DECIBELS (1.8.0 STANDARD) 1.5 || Macquarie University Audiology Clinic Name: Kerth (VitcHe ee Age:_ “74 PURE TONE AUDIOGRAM FREQUENCY IN Hz 125 250 500 1000 2000 4000 8005 a 0 10 10 20 20 30 30 40 40 60 50 MACQUARIE 60 eo UNIVERSITY ~ SYONEY 70 70 80 80 90 90 400 100 +10 140 120 120 i ACOUSTIC IMMITTANCE ASSESSMENT RESULTS TYMPANOMETRY Probe Left Probe Right Description & A Ear canal yotame \ F sS time [2 1-0 7 tric peak a pressure (dha) -26 1 TYMPANOMETRY LEFT EAR TYMPANOMETRY RIGHT EAR : | 226 ; Hz 41.0 -L-. a 0.0 400 +200 Q +200 400 -200 0o +200
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