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វវវវវវវវ វវវវវ SAINT PAUL INSTITUTE
• Course: Skill Lab – Career & Skill Orientation • Period: 16 weeks (64 hours) • Name of Instructor: Mr. PHEN-Raksmey, MPM • Telephone: 087 810 456 • Email Address: email@example.com
Career Planning A Life-Long Process
Step 1 Who am I? What are my interests, skills, values and personality style?
Step 2 What do I want?
What are my options?
Step 3 How do I get there? What am I willing
Step 4 What is my plan to
get to my goal?
What do I like?
How do I get experience?
What is important to
me in my work?
What skills do I like to
What kind of person am I?
Career Planning – Ask yourself these questions!
What do I like? – My Interests!
What are my hobbies? What do I like to do
when I have free time? What kind of things do I
like to read? What am I interested in?
Realistic (Adventuring/Producing) Interested in athletics, good with their hands, prefer to work with objects, machines, plants or animals rather than people. Prefer to do the job without a lot of talk or argument, do it right the first time, get to the point.
Investigative (Analytic) - Like to observe, learn, evaluate, or solve problems. This type is associated with scientific/academic pursuits. Prefer to analyze a problem, evaluate options and data, set a plan of action, and analyze the results.
Artistic (Creative) -Interested in artistic expression. Like to work in unstructured situations using imagination and creativity. Prefer creative approach to problem- solving and planning which relies heavily on intuition and imagination.
Social (Helping) - Like to work with people in some helping capacity — informing, teaching, developing, curing people. Prefer to gather data from all involved parties before generating an action plan. Will try to find solutions equitable for all concerned. Adept at networking with people.
Enterprising (Influencing) - Like to work with people in a leadership capacity — managing, performing, persuading, influencing, often for organizational or political goals or economic gain. Prefer to investigate a direct plan of action to be carried out by others. Focus on achieving the goal, not concerned with minor details. Like to keep big picture in mind.
Conventional (Organizing) - Like to work with data, numbers, more than people. Like detail, tangible products, and have little tolerance for ambiguity. Like following others; instructions rather than being in charge. Prefer to follow a defined structured plan of action. Attentive to detail. Enjoy putting allthe pieces of a plan together.
Holland’s Six Personality Types
• In our culture most people are stronger in one personality type than another.
• All professions may require to some degree, all personality types.
• People who work in a profession and environment that fits their “personality” tend to be successful and satisfied.
Theory of John Holland • John Holland, a psychologist who was drafted
by the army in WW2, developed a classification system for jobs in the military based upon his theory describing six work environments and six vocational personalities.
• Holland believed that career choice is an extension of a person's personality. People express themselves, their interests and values through their work choices and experience.
• Holland assigns both people and work environments into specific types or themes.
• Most people can be categorized into the following six types, and each person may be characterize by one or some combination of these types:
– (R) Realistic – (I) Investigative – (A) Artistic – (S) Social – (E) Enterprising – (C) Conventional
• Occupational environments can be divided into the same six types, and each environment is dominated by a particular type of person.
• People search for environments that let them:
• exercise their skills and abilities, • express their attitudes and values • take on problems and roles they find
stimulating and satisfying • avoid chores or responsibilities they
find distasteful or formidable.
• Career choice and career adjustment represent an extension of a person’s personality.
• Realistic types prefer to deal with Things.
• A person with a Realistic Personality tends to be frank, practical, focused, mechanical, determined, or rugged.
• Examples of RealisticAbilities include manipulating tools, doing mechanical or manual tasks, or doing athletic activities.
• Examples of Realistic Careers include Craftsman, Fitness Trainer, Optician, Policemen, Fire Fighter, and Physical Education Teacher.
• Possible Realistic College Majors are Justice Studies, Fire Science, Athletic Training, Martial Arts, Corporate Fitness, and Physical Education.
The Doers Realistic
Are You: Practical Athletic Straightforward Mechanically inclined A nature lover Stable Self-controlled Independent ambitious Systematic persistent
Can You: Fix things Solve problems Play a sport Read a blueprint Operate tools or machinery
Like to: Tinker with objects Work outdoors Be physically active Build things Train animals Work on equipment
• Investigative types prefer to deal with Things and Ideas.
• A person with a Investigative Personality tends to be analytical, intellectual, reserved, independent, and scholarly.
• Examples of Investigative Abilities include working with abstract ideas and intellectual problems.
• Examples of Investigative Careers include Biologist, Chemist, Historian, Researcher, Doctor, and Mathematician.
• Possible Investigative College Majors are Botany, Engineering, Forestry Science, Physics, and Foreign Languages.
Investigative The Thinkers
Are You: Inquisitive Analytical Scientific Observant Precise Cautious Reserved Broad- minded Independent Logical
Can You: Think Abstractly Solve Math problems Understand theories Do complex calculations.
Like to: Explore Use computers Work independently. Do lab experiments. Do research Be challenged.
• Artistic types prefer to deal with Ideas and People.
• A person with a Artistic Personality tends to be Complicated, Original, Impulsive, Independent, Expressive, and Creative.
• Examples of Artistic Abilities include using imagination and feelings in creative expression .
• Examples of Artistic Careers include Artist, Musician, Actor/ Actress, Designer, Writer, and Photographer.
• Possible Artistic College Majors are Art, Theater, Graphic Design, Music, Journalism, and Communication.
The Creators Artistic
Are You: Intuitive Imaginative Unconvention al Emotional Independent Idealistic Creative Sensitive Nonconformin g Expressive
Can You: Sketch Draw Paint Play an instrument Write stories, poetry, music. Sing,act,dance design
Like to: Attend concerts Read Take photos Express yourself Creatively.
• Social types prefer to deal with People. • A person with a Social Personality tends
to be Helping, Informing, Teaching, Inspiring, Counseling, and Serving.
• Examples of Social Abilities include Interacting with people and concerned with the welfare of people.
• Examples of Social Careers include Teacher, Clergy, Coach, Therapist, Nurse, Counselor, and Sociologist.
• Possible Social College Majors are Nursing, Christian Education, Counseling, Biblical Studies, Social Science, and Education.
Social The Helpers
Are You: Friendly Helpful Idealistic Insightful Outgoing Generous Cooperative Forgiving Persuasive
Can You: Teach others Express your ideas clearly. Lead Plan and supervise. Cooperate with others.
Like To: Work in groups Help people. Volunteer. Play team sports.
• Enterprising types prefer to deal with Data and People.
• A person with an Enterprising Personality tends to be Characteristics: Persuasive, Energetic, Sociable, Adventurous, Ambitious, and Risk-taking.
• Examples of Enterprising Abilities include leading, managing, and organizing.
• Examples of Enterprising Careers include Manager, Producer, Lawyer, Business/ Marketing, Executive, Entrepreneur, and Principal.
• Possible Enterprising College Majors are Pre-Law, Business Management and Administration, International Business, and Political Science.