# Mtech Machine Design, Guides, Projects, Research for Machine Design

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CommontoDesignEngineering(MDE),EngineeringAnalysis&Design

(MEA),MachineDesign(MMD)

VISVESVARAYATECHNOLOGICALUNIVERSITY,BELGAUM

SCHEME OF TEACHING AND EXAMINATION FOR

M.TECH.MachineDesign

ISEMESTERCREDITBASED

SubjectCode

NameoftheSubject

Teachinghours/week Durationof

ExaminHours

Marksfor

Total

Marks

CREDITS

Lecture

Practical/Field

Work/

Assignment/

Tutorials

I.A.

Exam

16 MDE11 Applied Mathematics 4 2 3 20 80 100 4

16 MDE12 Finite Element Method 4 2 3 20 80 100 4

16CAE13 Continuum Mechanics 4 2 3 20 80 100 4

16CAE16 Experimental Mechanics 4 2 3 20 80 100 4

Elective – I 4 2 3 20 80 100 4

16MDE16 Design Engineering Lab I -- 3 3 20 80 100 2

16MMD17 SEMINAR -- - -- 100 -- 100 1

Total 20 13 18 220 480 700 23

ELECTIVE-I

16MDE 151

16MDE 152

16MEA155

Computer Graphics

Computer Applications in Design

16 MDE 153

16MDE 154

Mechatronics System Design

Design for Manufacture

APPLIEDMATHEMATICS

(Common to MDE,MMD,MEA,CAE,MCM,MAR,IAE,MTP,MTH,MTE,MST,MTR)

Sub Code : 16MDE11 IA Marks :20

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs: 50 Exam Marks :80

CourseObjectives:

The main objectives of the course are to enhance the knowledge of various methods in finding the roots of an algebraic, transcendental

or simultaneous system of equations and also to evaluate integrals numerically and differentiation of complex functions with a greater

accuracy. These concepts occur frequently in their subjects like finite element method and other design application oriented subjects.

CourseContent:

1. Approximations and round off errors: Significant figures, accuracy and precision, error definitions, round off errors and truncation errors.

Mathematical modeling and Engineering problem solving: Simple mathematical model, Conservation Laws ofEngineering.06Hours

2. Roots of Equations: Bracketing methods-Graphical method, Bisection method, False position method, Newton- Raphson method, Secant

Method. Multiple roots, Simple fixed point iteration.

Roots of polynomial-Polynomials in Engineering and Science, Muller’s method, Bairstow’s Method Graeffe’s Roots Squaring Method.12

Hours

3. Numerical Differentiation and Numerical Integration: Newton –Cotes and Guass Quadrature Integration formulae, Integration of

Equations, Romberg integration, Numerical Differentiation Applied to Engineering problems, High Accuracy differentiation formulae06

Hours

4. System of Linear Algebraic Equations And Eigen Value Problems: Introduction, Direct methods, Cramer’s Rule, Gauss Elimination

Method, Gauss-Jordan Elimination Method, Triangularization method, Cholesky Method, Partition method, error Analysis for direct

methods, Iteration Methods.

Eigen values and Eigen Vectors: Bounds on Eigen Values, Jacobi method for symmetric matrices, Givens method for symmetric

matrices, Householder’s method for symmetric matrices, Rutishauser method for arbitrary matrices, Power method, Inverse power

method .16Hours

5. Linear Transformation: Introduction to Linear Transformation, The matrix of Linear Transformation, Linear Models in Science and

Engineering

Orthogonality and Least Squares: Inner product, length and orthogonality, orthogonal sets, Orthogonal projections, The Gram-schmidt

process, Least Square problems, Inner product spaces.12Hours

TextBooks:

1. S.S.Sastry, Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis, PHI, 2005.

2. Steven C. Chapra, Raymond P.Canale, Numerical Methods for Engineers, Tata Mcgraw Hill, 4th Ed, 2002. 3. M K Jain, S.R.K Iyengar, R K. Jain, Numerical methods for Scientific and engg computation, New Age International, 2003.

ReferenceBooks:

1. Pervez Moin, Fundamentals of Engineering Numerical Analysis, Cambridge, 2010.

2. David. C. Lay, Linear Algebra and its applications, 3 rd

edition, Pearson Education, 2002.

CourseOutcomes:

The Student will be able to

1. Model some simple mathematical models of physical Applications.

2. Find the roots of polynomials in Science and Engineering problems.

3. Differentiate and integrate a function for a given set of tabulated data, forEngineering Applications

FINITEELEMENTMETHOD

(CommontoMDE,MEA,MMD,CAE,MTR)

Sub Code : 16MDE12

Hrs/ Week : 04

Total Hrs: 50

CourseObjectives

IA Marks :20

Exam Hours : 03

Exam Marks :80

1. To present the Finite element method (FEM) as a numerical method for engineering analysis of continua and structures

2. To present Finite element formulation using variational and weighted residual approaches

3. To present Finite elements for the analysis of bars & trusses, beams & frames, plane stress & plane strain problems and 3-D solids, for

thermal and dynamics problems.

CourseContent:

1.IntroductiontoFiniteElementMethod: Basic Steps in Finite Element Method to solve mechanical engineering (Solid, Fluid and Heat

Transfer) problems: Functional approach and Galerkin approach, Displacement Approach: Admissible Functions, Convergence Criteria:

Conforming and Non Conforming elements, Co C1 and Cn Continuity Elements. Basic Equations, Element Characteristic Equations,

Assembly Procedure, Boundary and Constraint Conditions.

10Hours.

2.SolidMechanics:One-DimensionalFiniteElementFormulationsandAnalysis – Bars- uniform, varying and stepped cross section-

Basic(Linear) and Higher Order Elements Formulations for Axial, Torsional and Temperature Loads with problems. Beams- Basic (Linear)

Element Formulation-for uniform, varying and stepped cross section- for different loading and boundary conditions with problems.

Trusses, Plane Frames and Space Frame Basic(Linear) Elements Formulations for different boundary condition -Axial, Bending, Torsional,

10Hours.

3. TwoDimensionalFiniteElementFormulationsforSolidMechanicsProblems: Triangular Membrane (TRIA 3, TRIA 6, TRIA 10)

Triangular and Quadrilateral Axi-symmetric basic and higher order Elements formulation for axi-symmetric loading only with sample problems

ThreeDimensionalFiniteElementFormulationsforSolidMechanicsProblems: Finite Element Formulation of Tetrahedral Element (TET 4,

TET 10), Hexahedral Element (HEXA 8, HEXA 20), for different loading conditions. Serendipity and Lagrange family Elements

10Hours.

4.FiniteElementFormulationsforStructuralMechanicsProblems: Basics of plates and shell theories: Classical thin plate Theory, Shear

deformation Theory and Thick Plate theory. Finite Element Formulations for triangular and quadrilateral Plate elements. Finite element

formulation of flat, curved, cylindrical and conical Shell elements

5.DynamicAnalysis: Finite Element Formulation for point/lumped mass and distributed masses system, Finite Element Formulation of one

dimensional dynamic analysis: bar, truss, frame and beam element. Finite Element Formulation of Two dimensional dynamic analysis:

triangular membrane and axisymmetric element, quadrilatateral membrane and axisymmetric element. Evaluation of eigen values and

eigen vectors applicable to bars, shaft, beams, plane and space frame.

10Hours.

TextBooks:

1. T. R. Chandrupatla and A. D. Belegundu, Introduction to Finite Elements in Engineering, Prentice Hall, 3 rd

Ed, 2002.

2. Lakshminarayana H. V., Finite Elements Analysis– Procedures in Engineering, Universities Press, 2004.

ReferenceBooks:

1. Rao S. S. , Finite Elements Method in Engineering- 4 th

Edition, Elsevier, 2006

2. P.Seshu, Textbook of Finite Element Analysis, PHI, 2004.

3. J.N.Reddy, Introduction to Finite Element Method, McGraw -Hill, 2006.

4. Bathe K. J., Finite Element Procedures, Prentice-Hall, 2006..

5. Cook R. D., Finite Element Modeling for Stress Analysis, Wiley,1995.

CourseOutcome:

On completion of the course the student will be

1. Knowledgeable about the FEM as a numerical method for the solution of solid mechanics, structural mechanics and thermal problems

2. Developing skills required to use a commercial FEA software

SubCode:14CAE13

Hrs/Week:04

TotalHrs:50

CONTINUUMMECHANICS

(CommontoMDE,MEA,MMD,CAE)

IAMarks:20

ExamHours:03

ExamMarks:80

CourseObjective:

The course Continuum Mechanics aims at a comprehensive study of Mechanics of Solids and Mechanics of Fluids. The topics covered are:

Analysis of Stress, Deformation and Strain, Generalized Hooke’s law, Formulation of Two Dimensional Electrostatic problems, Basic equations

of Viscoelasticity.

CourseContent:

1.AnalysisofStress: Definition and Notation for forces and stresses. body force, surface force Components of stresses, equations of

Equilibrium, Specification of stress at a point. Principal stresses, maximum and minimum shear stress, Mohr’s diagram in three dimensions.

Boundary conditions .Stress components on an arbitrary plane, Stress invariants, Octahedral stresses, Decomposition of state of stress,

deviator and spherical stress tensors, Stress transformation. 10 Hours 2.DeformationandStrain: Deformation, Strain Displacement relations, Strain components, The state of strain at a point, , Principal strain,

strain invariants, Strain transformation, Compatibility equations, Cubical dilatation, spherical and deviator strains, plane strain, Mohr’s circle,

and compatibility equation

RelationsandtheGeneralEquationsofElasticity: Generalized Hooke's; law in terms of engineering constants. Formulation of elasticity

Problems. 12 Hours

3.TwoDimensionalProblemsinCartesianCo-Ordinates: Airy's stress function, investigation of simple beam problems. Bending of a narrow

cantilever beam under end load, simply supported beam with uniform load, Use of Fourier series to solve two dimensional problems.

Existence and uniqueness of solution, Saint -Venant's principle, Principle of super position and reciprocal theorem. 9 Hours.

4. Two Dimensional Problems in Polar Co-Ordinates: General equations, stress distribution symmetrical about an axis, Strain components in

polar co-ordinates, Rotating disk and cylinder, Concentrated force on semi-infinite plane, Stress concentration around a circular hole in an

infinite plate.

ThermalStresses: Introduction, Thermo-elastic stress -strain relations, thin circular disc, long circular cylinder. 9 Hours

5TorsionofPrismaticBars: Introduction, Torsion of Circular cross section bars, Torsion of elliptical cross section bars, Soap film analogy,

Membrane analogy, Torsion of thin walled open tubes.

ElasticStability: Axial compression of prismatic bars, Elastic stability, buckling load for column with constant cross section. Viscoelasticity:

Linear viscoelastic behavior. Simple viscoelastic models-generalized models, linear differential operator equation. Creep and Relaxation- creep

function, relaxation function, hereditary integrals. Complex moduli and compliances. (Note: No numerical) 10 Hours

TextBooks:

1 Timoshenko and Goodier, "TheoryofElasticity"-'Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi,3 rd

edition , 1970

2. L S Srinath “Advanced Mechanics of Solids”- Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 3 rd

edition, 2010

3 G. Thomas Mase, Ronald E. Smelser, George. E. Mase, Continuum Mechanics for Engineers, 3 rd

Edition, CRC Press,Boca Raton, 2010

References:

1. Batra, R. C., Elements of Continuum Mechanics, Reston, 2006.

2. George E. Mase, Schaum's Outline of Continuum Mechanics, McGraw-Hill, 1970

3. Dill, Ellis Harold, Continuum Mechanics: Elasticity, Plasticity, Viscoelasticity, CRC Press , 2006.

4. Sadhu Singh," Theory of Elasticity"- Khanna publisher, 4 th

edition, 2013

CourseOutcome:

Continuum Mechanics background essential to mathematically model physical problems in Solid Mechanics

EXPERIMENTALMECHANICS

(Common to MDE,MEA,MMD,CAE)

Sub Code : 16CAE16 IA Marks :20

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs: 50 Exam Marks :80

CourseObjective:

This course aims at a comprehensive study of mechanics of solids. The topics covered are

The objective of this course is to familiarize the student with state of the art experimental techniques namely strain gauges, photo elasticity,

moiré interoferometry, brittle coating, moiré fringes and holography.

CourseContent:

1.Introduction: Definition of terms, calibration, standards, dimension and units, generalized measurement system, Basic concepts in dynamic

measurements, system response, distortion, impedance matching, experiment planning.

AnalysisofExperimentalData: Cause and types of experimental errors, error analysis. Statistical analysis of experimental data- Probability

distribution, gaussian, normal distribution. Chi-square test, Method of least square, correlation coefficient, multivariable regression,

standard deviation of mean, graphical analysis and curve fitting, general consideration in data analysis.

10Hours

2.DataAcquisitionandProcessing: General data acquisition system, signal conditioning revisited, data transmission, Analog-to-Digital and

Digital-to- Analog conversion, Basic components (storage and display) of data acquisition system. Computer program as a substitute for

wired logic.

Force,TorqueandStrainMeasurement: Mass balance measurement, Elastic Element for force measurement, torque measurement. Strain

Gages -Strain sensitivity of gage metals, Gage construction, Gage sensitivity and gage factor, Performance characteristics, Environmental

effects Strain, gage circuits, Potentiometer, Wheat Stone's bridges, Constant current circuits. Strain Analysis Methods-Two element and

three element, rectangular and delta rosettes, Correction for transverse strains effects, stress gage - plane shear gage, Stress intensity factor

gage.

10 Hours

3.StressAnalysis: Two Dimensional Photo elasticity - Nature of light, - wave theory of light,- optical interference - Polariscopes stress optic law

- effect of stressed model in plane and circular Polariscopes, IsoclinicsIso chromatics fringe order determination - Fringe multiplication

techniques - Calibration Photoelastic model materials. Separation methods shear difference method, Analytical separation methods, Model

to prototype scaling.

10Hours

4.ThreeDimensionalPhotoelasticity: Stress freezing method, General slice, Effective stresses, Stresses separation, Shear deference method,

Oblique incidence method Secondary principals stresses, Scattered light photo elasticity, Principals, Polari scope and stress data analyses.

10Hours

5.CoatingMethods: a) Photoelastic Coating Method-Birefringence coating techniques Sensitivity Reinforcing and thickness effects - data

reduction - Stress separation techniques Photoelastic strain gauges. b) Brittle Coatings Method:Brittle coating technique Principles data

analysis - coating materials, Coating techniques. c) Moire Technique - Geometrical approach, Displacement approach- sensitivity of Moire

data data reduction, In plane and out plane Moire methods, Moire photography, Moire grid production.

Holography: Introduction, Equation for plane waves and spherical waves, Intensity, Coherence, Spherical radiator as an object (record

process), Hurter, Driffeld curves, Reconstruction process, Holograpicinterferomerty, Realtime. and double exposure methods, Displacement

measurement, Isopachics.

10Hours

TextBooks:

1.Holman,“Experimental Methods for Engineers” 7th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, New York, 2007. 2.R.S.Sirohi,H.C.RadhaKrishna, “Mechanical measurements” New Age International Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2004 3.ExperimentalStressAnalysis - Srinath, Lingaiah, Raghavan, Gargesa, Ramachandra and Pant, Tata McGraw Hill, 1984. 4.Instrumentation,MeasurementAndAnalysis-Nakra&Chaudhry, B C Nakra K KChaudhry, Tata McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, New York,

Seventh Edition, 2006.

ReferenceBooks:

1.MeasurementSystemsApplicationandDesign - Doeblin E. A., 4th (S.I.) Edition, McGraw Hill, New York. 1989 2.DesignandAnalysisofExperiments- Montgomery D.C., John Wiley & Sons, 1997. 3.ExperimentalStressAnalysis - Dally and Riley, McGraw Hill, 1991. 4.ExperimentalStressAnalysis- Sadhu Singh, Khanna publisher, 1990. 5.PhotoelasticityVolIandVolII- M.M.Frocht,. John Wiley and sons, 1969. 6.StrainGaugePrimer- Perry and Lissner, McGraw Hill, 1962.

CourseOutcome:It helps the students to

1. Undertake experimental investigations to verify predictions by other methods.

2. To acquire skills for experimental investigations an accompanying laboratory course is desirable.

Elective-I

CourseObjective:

This course will help the student to

graphics

COMPUTERGRAPHICS

(Common to MDE,MEA,MMD,CAE)

Sub Code : 16MDE151 IA Marks :20

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs: 50 Exam Marks :80

be knowledgeable of concepts, principles, processes and techniques essential to all areas of computer

CourseContent:

1.Transformations: Representation of points, Transformations: Rotation, Reflection, Scaling, Shearing, Combined

Transformations, Translations and Homogeneous Coordinates, A geometric interpretation of homogeneous coordinates, Over all

scaling, Points at infinity, Rotation about an arbitrary point, Reflection through an arbitrary line, Rotation about an axis parallel to

coordinate axis, Rotation about an arbitrary axis in space, Reflection through an arbitrary plane.

10Hours

2.TypesandMathematicalRepresentationofCurves: Curve representation, Explicit, Implicit and parametric representation.

Nonparametric and parametric representation of Lines, Circles, Ellipse, Parabola, Hyperbola, Conics. Parametric representation of

synthetic curve, Hermite cubic splines, , Bezier curves: Blending function, Properties, generation, B-spline curves- Cox-deBoor

recursive formula, Properties, Open uniform basis functions, Non-uniform basis functions, Periodic B-spline curve.

TypesandMathematicalRepresentationofSurfaces Surface entities and parametric representation- Plane, Ruled, surface of

revolution, Offset surface, Coons patch, Bezier surface, B-spline surface

10Hours

3.TypesandMathematicalRepresentationofSolids

Solid entities: Block, Cylinder, Cone, Sphere, Wedge, Torus, Solid representation, Fundamentals of solid modeling, Set theory,

Regularized set operations, Set membership classification, Half spaces, Basic elements, Building operations, Boundary

representation and Constructive solid geometry, Basic elements, Building operations.

ScanConversionandClipping: Representation of points, lines, Drawing Algorithms: DDA algorithm, Bresenham's integer

line algorithm, Bresenham's circle algorithm, Polygon filling algorithms: Scan conversion, Seed filling, Scan line algorithm.

Viewing transformation, Clipping - Points, lines, Text, Polygon, Cohen-Sutherland line clipping, Sutherland-Hodgmen algorithm.

10Hours

4.VisualRealism: Introduction, Hidden line removal, Visibility of object views, Visibility techniques: Minimax test,

Containment test, Surface test, Silhouttes, Homogeneity test, Sorting, Coherence, Hidden surface removal- Z-buffer algorithm,

Warnock's algorithm, Hidden solid removal - ray tracing algorithm, Shading, Shading models, Diffuse reflection, Specular reflection,

Ray tracing for CSG, Z-buffer algorithm for B-rep and CSG

10Hours

5.Applications: Colouring- RGB, CMY, HSV, HSL colour models, Data Exchange: Evolution of Data exchange, IGES, PDES, Animation:

Conventional animation-key frame, Inbetweening, Line testing, Painting, Filming, Computer animation, Entertainment and

Engineering Animation, Animation system hardware, Software architecture, Animation types, Frame buffer, Colour table, Zoom-

pan-scroll, Cross bar, Real time play back, Animation techniques- key frame, Skelton. Path of motion and p-curves.

10Hours

TextBooks:

1. IbrahamZeid, CAD/CAM-Theory and Practice-McGraw Hill, 2006.

2. David Rogers & Alan Adams, Mathematical Elements for Computer Graphics-Tata McGraw Hill, 2002.

ReferenceBooks:

1. Xiang Z, Plastock, R. A, Computer Graphics- Schaum's Outline, McGraw Hill, 2007.

2. Foley, van Dam, Feiner and Hughes, Computer Graphics- Principles and Practice-Addison Wesley, 1996.

3. Sinha A N., Udai A D., Computer Graphics- Tata McGraw Hill, 2008.

CourseOutcome:

This course will enable students to:

1. Recognize how a visual image can be an effective means of communication

2. Acquire and develop the skills needed to creatively solve visual communication problems.

3. Understand, develop and employ visual hierarchy using images and text

COMPUTERAPPLICATIONSINDESIGN

(Common to MDE,MEA,MMD,CAE)

Sub Code : 16MDE152 IA Marks :20

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs: 50 Exam Marks :80

CourseObjective

It helps the students to learn the principles of CAD/CAM/CAE Systems, Graphics Programming, Geometric Modeling Systems, CAD, CAM and

CAE Integration, Standards for Communicating between Systems

CourseContent:

Overview, Definitions of CAD. CAM and CAE, Integrating the Design and Manufacturing Processes through a Common Database-A

Scenario, Using CAD/CAM/CAE Systems for Product Development-A Practical Example.

Components of CAD/CAM/CAE Systems: Hardware Components ,Vector-Refresh(Stroke-Refresh) Graphics Devices, Raster Graphics

Devices, Hardware Configuration, Software Components, Windows-Based CAD Systems.10Hours

2.BasicConceptsofGraphicsProgramming:

Graphics Libraries, Coordinate Systems, Window and Viewport, Output Primitives - Line, Polygon, Marker Text, Graphics Input, Display

List, Transformation Matrix, Translation, Rotation, Mapping, Other Transformation Matrices, Hidden-Line and Hidden-Surface Removal,

Back-Face Removal Algorithm, Depth-Sorting, or Painters, Algorithm, Hidden-Line Removal Algorithm, z-Buffer Method, Rendering,

Shading, Ray Tracing, Graphical User Interface, X Window System.

Standards

Standards for Communicating Between Systems: Exchange Methods of Product Definition Data, Initial Graphics Exchange Specification,

Drawing Interchange Format, Standard for the Exchange of Product Data. Tutorials, Computational exercises involving Geometric

Modeling of components and their assemblies

10Hours

3. GeometricModelingSystems

: Wireframe Modeling Systems, Surface Modeling Systems, Solid Modeling Systems, Modeling Functions, Data Structure, Euler

Operators, Boolean Operations, Calculation of Volumetric Properties, Non manifold Modeling Systems, Assembly Modeling Capabilities,

Basic Functions of Assembly Modeling, Browsing an Assembly, Features of Concurrent Design, Use of Assembly models, Simplification of

Assemblies, Web-Based Modeling.

Representation and Manipulation of Curves: Types of Curve Equations, Conic Sections, Circle or Circular Arc, Ellipse or Elliptic Arc,

Hyperbola, Parabola, Hermite Curves, Bezier Curve, Differentiation of a Bezier Curve Equation, Evaluation of a Bezier Curve

10Hours

4. B-Spline Curve, Evaluation of a B-Spline Curve, Composition of B-Spline Curves, Differentiation of a B-Spline Curve, Non uniform

Rational B-Spline (NURBS) Curve, Evaluation of a NURBS Curve, Differentiation of a NURBS Curve, Interpolation Curves, Interpolation

Using a Hermite Curve, Interpolation Using a B-Spline Curve, Intersection of Curves.

RepresentationandManipulationofSurfaces: Types of Surface Equations, Bilinear Surface, Coon's Patch, Bicubic Patch, Bezier Surface,

Evaluation of a Bezier Surface, Differentiation of a Bezier Surface, B-Spline Surface, Evaluation of a-B-Spline Surface, Differentiation of a

B-Spline Surface, NURBS Surface, Interpolation Surface, Intersection of Surfaces.

10Hours

Overview of the Discrete Part Production Cycle, Process Planning, Manual Approach, Variant Approach, Generative Approach,

Computer-Aided Process Planning Systems, CAM-I CAPP, MIPLAN and Multi CAPP, Met CAPP,ICEM-PART, Group Technology,

Classification and Coding, Existing Coding Systems, Product Data Management (PDM) Systems.

10Hours

TextBooks:

ReferenceBooks:

1. Ibrahim Zeid, “CAD/CAM – Theory & Practice”, McGraw Hill, 1998

2. Bedworth, Mark Henderson & Philip Wolfe, “Computer Integrated Design and

Manufacturing” -McGraw hill inc., 1991.

3. Pro-Engineer, Part modeling Users Guide, 1998

CourseOutcome:

Students develop expertise in generation of various curves, surfaces and volumes used in geometric modeling systems.

MECHATRONICSSYSTEMDESIGN

(Common to MDE,MEA,MMD,CAE)

Sub Code : 16MDE153

Hrs/ Week : 04

Total Hrs: 50

CourseObjective

IA Marks :20

Exam Hours : 03

Exam Marks :80

1. To educate the student regarding integration of mechanical, electronics, electrical and computer systems in the design of CNC machine

tools, Robots etc.

2. To provide students with an understanding of the Mechatronic Design Process,

actuators, Sensors, transducers, Signal Conditioning, MEMS and Microsystems and also the Advanced Applications in Mechatronics.

CourseContent:

1. Introduction: Definition and Introduction to Mechatronic Systems. Modeling &Simulation of Physical systems Overview of Mechatronic

Products and their functioning, measurement systems. Control Systems, simple Controllers. Study of Sensors and Transducers:

Pneumatic and Hydraulic Systems, Mechanical Actuation System, Electrical Actual Systems, Real time interfacing and Hardware

components for Mechatronics. 10Hours

2. Electrical Actuation Systems: Electrical systems, Mechanical switches, Solid state switches, solenoids, DC & AC motors, Stepper motors.

System Models: Mathematical models:- mechanical system building blocks, electrical system building blocks, thermal system building

blocks, electromechanical systems, hydro-mechanical systems, pneumatic systems. 11Hours

3. Signal Conditioning: Signal conditioning, the operational amplifier, Protection, Filtering, Wheatstone Bridge, Digital signals , Multiplexers,

Data Acquisition, Introduction to digital system processing, pulse-modulation.

MEMS and Microsystems: Introduction, Working Principle, Materials for MEMS and Microsystems, Micro System fabrication process,

Overview of Micro Manufacturing, Micro system Design, and Micro system Packaging. 13Hours

4. Data Presentation Systems: Basic System Models, System Models, Dynamic Responses of System.

8Hours

5. Advanced Applications in Mechatronics: Fault Finding, Design, Arrangements and Practical Case Studies, Design for manufacturing, User-

friendly design. 8Hours

TextBooks:

1. W. Bolton, “Mechatronics” - Addison Wesley Longman Publication, 1999

2. HSU “MEMS and Microsystems design and manufacture”- Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2002

ReferenceBooks:

1. Kamm, “Understanding Electro-Mechanical Engineering an Introduction to Mechatronics”- IEEE Press, 1 edition ,1996

2. Shetty and Kolk “Mechatronics System Design”- Cengage Learning, 2010

3. Mahalik “Mechatronics”- Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2003

4. HMT “Mechatronics”- Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 1998

5. Michel .B. Histand& David. Alciatore, “Introduction to Mechatronics & Measurement Systems”–. Mc Grew Hill, 2002

6. “Fine Mechanics and Precision Instruments”- Pergamon Press, 1971.

CourseOutcome:

This course makes the student to appreciate multi disciplinary nature of modern engineering systems. Specifically mechanical engineering

students to collaborate with Electrical, Electronics, Instrumentation and Computer Engineering disciplines.

DESIGNFORMANUFACTURE

(Common to MDE,MEA,MMD,CAE)

Sub Code : 16MDE154

Hrs/ Week : 04

Total Hrs: 50

IA Marks :20

Exam Hours : 03

Exam Marks :80

CourseObjective:

To educate students a clear understanding of factors to be considered in designing parts and components with focus on manufacturability

CourseContent:

1. Effect of Materials And Manufacturing Process On Design: Major phases of design. Effect of material properties on design Effect of

manufacturing processes on design. Material selection process- cost per unit property, Weighted properties and limits on properties

methods.

Tolerence Analysis: Process capability, mean, varience, skewness, kurtosis, Process capability metrics, Cp, Cpk, Cost aspects, Feature

tolerances, Geometries tolerances, Geometric tolerances, Surface finish, Review of relationship between attainable tolerance grades and

different machining process. Cumulative effect of tolerance- Sure fit law and truncated normal law. 12

Hours

2. Selective Assembly: Interchangeable part manufacture and selective assembly, Deciding the number of groups -Model-1 : Group

tolerance of mating parts equal, Model total and group tolerances of shaft equal. Control of axial play-Introducing secondary machining

operations, Laminated shims, examples.

Datum Features : Functional datum, Datum for manufacturing, Changing the datum. Examples.12Hours

3. Design Considerations: Design of components with casting consideration. Pattern,Mould, and Parting line. Cored holes and Machined

holes. Identifying the possibleand probable parting line. Casting requiring special sand cores. Designing to obviatesand cores.

Component Design: Component design with machining considerations link design for turning components-milling, Drilling and other

related processes including finish- machining operations. 13Hours

4. True positional theory : Comparison between co-ordinate and convention method offeature location. Tolerance and true

position tolerancing virtual size concept, Floating and fixed fasteners. Projected tolerance zone. Assembly with gasket, zero position

tolerance. Functional gauges, Paper layout gauging. 7Hours

5. Design of Gauges: Design of gauges for checking components in assemble with emphasis on various types of limit gauges for both hole

and shaft. 6Hours

TextBooks:

1. Harry Peck , “Designing for Manufacturing”, Pitman Publications, 1983.

2. Dieter , “Machine Design” - McGraw-Hill Higher Education, -2008

3. R.K. Jain, "Engineering Metrology", Khanna Publishers, 1986

4. Product design for manufacture and assembly - Geoffrey Boothroyd, Peter dewhurst, Winston Knight, Merceldekker. Inc. CRC Press,

Third Edition

5. Material selection and Design, Vol. 20 - ASM Hand book.

CourseOutcome:

Students will have added capability to include manufacturability in mechanical engineering design of parts and their assemblies.

(Common to MDE,MEA,MMD,CAE)

Sub Code : 16MEA155 IA Marks :20

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs: 50 Exam Marks :80

CourseObjective:

The student will gain knowledge of dynamics of fluid flow under different conditions.

1.ReviewofundergraduateFluidMechanics : Differential Flow analysis- Continuity equation (3D Cartesian, Cylindrical and spherical

coordinates) Navier Stokes equations (3D- Cartesian, coordinates) Elementary inviscid flows; superposition (2D). 8Hours

2. IntegralFlowAnalysis: Reynolds transport theorem, Continuity, momentum, moment of momentum, energy equations with applications

such as turbo machines, jet propulsion &propellors;

Exactsolutionofviscousflowequations: Steady flow: Hagen Poiseuille problem, plane Poiseuille problem, Unsteady flow: Impulsively

started plate

12Hours

3. LowReynoldsnumberflows:Lubrication theory (Reynolds equation), flow past rigid sphere, flow past cylinder

BoundaryLayerTheory:Definitions, Blasius solution, Von-Karman integral, Separation, 10Hours

4. Thermal Boundary layer and heat transfer, (Laminar & turbulent flows);

Experimentsinfluids: Wind tunnel, Pressure Probes, Anemometers and flow meters

10Hours

5. SpecialTopics:Stability theory; Natural and forced convection; Rayleigh Benardproblem;Transition to turbulence; Introduction to turbulent

flows

10Hours

TextBooks:

1. “Foundationsoffluidmechanics” - S. W. Yuan,SI Unit edition, 1988.

2. “AdvancedEngineeringFluidMechanics”- K. Muralidhar& G. Biswas, Narosa Publishers, 1999.

ReferenceBooks:

1. “PhysicalFluidDynamics” 2 nd

edition – D.J. Tritton, Oxford Science Publications, 1988.

2. “BoundaryLayerTheory”8 th

edition, H. Schlichting, McGraw Hill, New York., 1999.

CourseOutcome:

The student will be able to apply concepts of fluid dynamics in solving real time problems.

DesignEngineeringLaboratoryLab1

(Common to MDE,MEA,MMD,CAE,MCS)

Sub Code : 16MDE16

Hrs/ Week : 3

Total Hrs:42

IA Marks :20

Exam Hours : 03

Exam Marks : 80

Note:

1) These are independent laboratory exercises

2) A student may be given one or two problems stated herein

3) Student must submit a comprehensive report on the problem solved and give a

Presentation on the same for Internal Evaluation

4) Any one of the exercises done from the following list has to be asked in the Examination for evaluation.

CourseContent:

Experiment#1

NumericallyCalculationand MATLAB Simulation

Part A:Invariants, Principal stresses and strains with directions

Part A: Maximum shear stresses and strains and planes,Von-Mises stress

Part C: Calculate and Plot Stresses in Thick-Walled Cylinder

Experiment#2

StressanalysisinCurvedbeamin2D

Part A : Experimental studies using Strain Gauge Instrumentation.

Part B : 2D Photo elastic Investigation.

Part C :Modelling and Numerical Analysis using FEM.

Experiment#3

Stressanalysisofrectangularplatewithcircularholeunderi.UniformTensionandii.shear

Part A: Matlab simulation for Calculation and Plot of normalized hoop Stress at hole boundary in Infinite Plate

Part B: Modelling of plate geometry under chosen load conditions and study the effect of plate geometry.

Part C: Numerical Analysis using FEA package.

2 0

Experiment#4

Singleedgenotchedbeaminfourpointbending.

Part A: Modeling of single edge notched beam in four point bending. Part B:

Numerical Studies using FEA.

Part C: Correlation Studies.

Experimental#5

TorsionofPrismaticbarwithRectangularcross-section. Part A: Elastic

solutions, MATLAB Simulation

Part B: Finite Element Analysis of any chosen geometry. Part C:

Correlation studies.

Experiment#6

ContactStressAnalysisofCircularDiscunderdiametricalcompression

Part A: 3-D Modeling of Circular Discs with valid literature background, supported with experimental results on contact stress. Part B:

Numerical Analysis using any FEA package.

Part C: 2D Photo Elastic Investigation.

Experiment#7

VibrationCharacteristicsofaSpringMassDamperSystem. Part A:

Analytical Solutions.

Part B: MATLAB Simulation. Part C:

Correlation Studies.

Experiment#8

ModellingandSimulationofControlSystemsusingMATLAB.

2 1

Common to Design Engineering (MDE), Engineering Analysis & Design (MEA),

Machine Design (MMD), Computer Aided Engineering (CAE)

VISVESVARAYA TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, BELGAUM

SCHEME OF TEACHING AND EXAMINATION FOR

M.TECH. Machine Design

II SEMESTER CREDIT BASED

Subject Code

Name of the Subject

Teaching hours/weekDuration

of Exam

in Hours

Marks forTotal

Marks

CREDITS

LecturePractical / Field Work /

Assignment/ Tutorials

I.A.

Exam

16MST 21 Composite Materials Technology 4 2 3 20 80 100 4

16MDE 22 Advanced Machine Design 4 2 3 20 80 100 4

16MDE 23 Dynamics & Mechanism Design 4 2 3 20 80 100 4

16MDE 24 Advanced Theory of Vibrations 4 2 3 20 80 100 4

16XXXXXX Elective – II 4 2 3 20 80 100 4

16MDE 26 Design Engineering Lab II -- 3 3 20 80 100 2

16MMD 27 SEMINAR -- -- -- 100 -- 100 1

**PROJECT WORK PHASE-I

COMMENCEMENT (6 WEEKS DURATION)

--

--

--

--

--

--

-

Total20131822048070023

ELECTIVE-II

16CAE 251 Design Optimization 16CAE 253 Advanced Manufacturing Process Simulation

16MDE252 Theory of Plasticity 16MDE 254 Rotor Dynamics

16MEA255 Automobile System Design

** Between the II Semester and III Semester, after availing a vacation of 2 weeks.

II Semester

COMPOSITE MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY

(Common to MDE, MEA, MMD, CAE)

Course Objective:

Sub Code: 16MST21 IA Marks: 20

Hrs/ Week: 04 Exam Hours: 03

Total Hrs: 50 Exam Marks: 80

Mechanics of composite materials provides a methodology for stress analysis and progressive failure analysis of laminated composite structures for

aerospace, automobile, marine and other engineering applications.

Course Content:

Module 1: Introduction to Composite Materials: Definition, Classification, Types of matrices material and reinforcements, Characteristics &

selection, Fiber composites, laminated composites, Particulate composites, Prepegs, and sandwich construction.

Metal Matrix Composites: Reinforcement materials, Types, Characteristics and selection, Base metals, Selection, Applications

Macro Mechanics of a Lamina: Hooke's law for different types of materials, Number of elastic constants, Derivation of nine independent constants for

orthotropic material, Two - dimensional relationship of compliance and stiffness matrix. Hooke's law for two-dimensional angle lamina,

engineering constants - Numerical problems. Invariant properties. Stress-Strain relations for lamina of arbitrary orientation, Numerical problems.

10 Hours

Module 2: Micro Mechanical Analysis of a Lamina: Introduction, Evaluation of the four elastic moduli, Rule of mixture, Numerical problems.

Experimental Characterization of Lamina- Elastic Moduli and Strengths

Failure Criteria: Failure criteria for an elementary composite layer or Ply, Maximum Stress and Strain Criteria, Approximate strength criteria, Inter-

laminar Strength, Tsa-Hill theory, Tsai, Wu tensor theory, Numerical problem, practical recommendations. 10 Hours

Module 3: Macro Mechanical Analysis of Laminate: Introduction, code, Kirchhoff hypothesis, Classical Lamination Theory, A, B, and D matrices

(Detailed derivation), Special cases of laminates, Numerical problems. Shear Deformation Theory, A, B, D and E matrices (Detailed derivation)

10 Hours

Module 4:Analysis of Composite Structures: Optimization of Laminates, composite laminates of uniform strength, application of optimal composite

structures, composite pressure vessels, spinning composite disks, composite lattice structures.

Applications: Aircrafts, missiles, Space hardware, automobile, Electrical and Electronics, Marine, Recreational and sports equipment-future potential of

composites. 10 Hours

Module 5:Manufacturing and Testing: Layup and curing - open and closed mould processing, Hand lay-up techniques, Bag moulding and

filamentwinding. Pultrusion, Pulforming, Thermoforming, Injection moulding, Cutting, Machining, joining and repair.

NDT tests – Purpose, Types of defects, NDT method - Ultrasonic inspection, Radiography, Acoustic emission and Acoustic ultrasonic method. 10 Hours

Text Books:

1. Autar K. Kaw, Mechanics of Composite materials, CRC Press, 2 nd

Ed, 2005.

2. Madhijit Mukhopadhay, Mechanics of Composite Materials & Structures, Universities Press, 2004.

Reference Books:

1. J. N. Reddy, Mechanics of Laminated Composite Plates & Shells, CRD Press, 2 nd

Ed, 2004.

2. Mein Schwartz, Composite Materials handbook, McGraw Hill, 1984.

3. Rober M. Jones, Mechanics of Composite Materials, Taylor & Francis, 1998.

4. Michael W, Hyer, Stress analysis of fiber Reinforced Composite Materials, Mc-Graw Hill International, 2009.

5. Composite Material Science and Engineering, Krishan K. Chawla, Springer, 3e, 2012.

6. Fibre Reinforced Composites, P.C. Mallik, Marcel Decker, 1993.

7. Hand Book of Composites, P.C. Mallik, Marcel Decker, 1993

Course Outcome:

This course provides the background for the analysis, design, optimization and test simulation of advanced composite structures and

Components.

Scheme of Examination:

Two questions to be set from each module. Students have to answer five full questions, choosing one full question from each module.

(Common to MDE,MEA,MMD,CAE)

Course Objective:

Sub Code : 16MDE22 IA Marks :20

Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total Hrs: 50 Exam Marks :80

This course enables the student to identify failure modes and evolve design by analysis methodology. Design against fatigue failure is given explicit

attention.

Course Content:

Module 1: Introduction: Role of failure prevention analysis in mechanical design, Modes of mechanical failure, Review of failure theories for

ductile and brittle materials including Mohr’s theory and modified Mohr’s theory. Numerical examples.

Fatigue of Materials: Introductory concepts, High cycle and low cycle fatigue, Fatigue design models, Fatigue design methods ,Fatigue design

criteria, Fatigue testing, Test methods and standard test specimens, Fatigue fracture surfaces and macroscopic features, Fatigue mechanisms and

microscopic features. 10 Hours

Module 2: Stress-Life (S-N) Approach: S-N curves, Statistical nature of fatigue test data, General S-N behavior, Mean stress effects, Different

factors influencing S-N behaviour, S-N curve representation and approximations, Constant life diagrams, Fatigue life estimation using S- N approach.

Strain-Life(ε-N)approach: Monotonic stress-strain behavior ,Strain controlled test methods ,Cyclic stress-strain behavior ,Strain based approach to

life estimation, Determination of strain life fatigue properties, Mean stress effects, Effect of surface finish, Life estimation by ε-N approach.

10 Hours

Module 3:LEFM Approach: LEFM concepts, Crack tip plastic zone, Fracture toughness, Fatigue crack growth, Mean stress effects, Crack growth

life estimation.

Notches and their effects: Concentrations and gradients in stress and strain, S-N approach for notched membranes, mean Stress effects and

Haigh diagrams, Numerical examples. 10 Hours

Module 4: Fatigue from Variable Amplitude Loading: Spectrum loads and cumulative damage, Damage quantification and the concepts of

damage fraction and accumulation, Cumulative damage theories, Load interaction and sequence effects, Cycle counting methods, Life estimation

using stress life approach. Numerical examples.

Notch strain analysis: Strain – life approach, Neuber’s rule, Glinka’s rule, applications of fracture mechanics to crack growth at notches.

Numerical examples. 10 Hours

Module 5:Surface Failure: Introduction, Surface geometry, Mating surface, Friction, Adhesive wear, Abrasive wear, Corrosion wear.

Surface fatigue: spherical contact, Cylindrical contact, General contact, Dynamic contact stresses, Surface fatigue strength, Surface fatigue failure

modes, Design to avoid Surface failures. 10 Hours

Text Books:

1. Ralph I. Stephens, Ali Fatemi, Robert, Henry o. Fuchs, “Metal Fatigue in engineering”, John wileyNewyork, Second edition. 2001.

2. Failure of Materials in Mechanical Design, Jack. A. Collins, John Wiley, Newyork 1992.

3. Robert L. Norton , “Machine Design”, Pearson Education India, 2000

Reference Books:

1. S.Suresh , “Fatigue of Materials”, Cambridge University Press, -1998

2. Julie.A.Benantine , “Fundamentals of Metal Fatigue Analysis”, Prentice Hall,1990

3. Fatigue and Fracture, ASM Hand Book, Vol 19,2002.

Course Outcome:

This course enriches the student with state of the art design methodology namely design by analysis and damage tolerant design.

Scheme of Examination:

Two questions to be set from each module. Students have to answer five full questions, choosing one full question from each module.