Music of India-Reading Material 01-Music and Theater Arts Literature, Study notes for Music of India. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) (MA)
prindhorn27 January 2012

Music of India-Reading Material 01-Music and Theater Arts Literature, Study notes for Music of India. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) (MA)

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Focuses on Hindustani classical music of North India, and also involves learning about the ancient foundations of the rich classical traditions of music and dance of all Indian art and culture. Practice of the ragas and ...
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Vocabulary for Lecture I

Major Figures of the Bhakti Era Ramanuja (1017-1137 A.D.): wrote commentaries on Brahma Sutras, Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishad; expounded Visishtadvaita or qualified monism Basava (12th Century), treasurer turned saint of Karnataka preached equality to all and taught the way to reach God through one's vocation; his followers constitute the Lingayat or the Veerashaiva cult. His promise poems known as the Vachanas preached devotion to Lord Shiva as the means of salvation Madhva (1239-1319): Broke completely with the Upanishadic doctrine of unity of God and the human soul. Taught "Dvaita" dualism. Ramanada (15th century): A disciple of Ramunuja, he was a worshipper of Lord Rama. He taught perfect love for God and human brotherhood. Kabir (1440-1510): Disciple of Ramananda, he believed in formless God. He was the first to reconcile Hinduism and Islam. Guru Nanak Dev (1469-1538): He was the founder of Sikh religion. He preached against idol worship, caste system and worship of one God through prayer and meditation. Purandara Das (15th Century) A singer-saint of Karnataka who sang the praises of Lord Krishna; among the greatest composers of South Indian (a.k.a. Carnatic) classical music. Dadu Dayal (1544-1603) A disciple of Kabir, he was a supporter of Hindu-Muslim unity. His followers were known as Dadu Panthis. Chaitanya (1468-1533)A devotee of Lord Krishna, he was the founder of modern Vaishnavism in Bengal. He popularized Kirtan. Shankaradeva (1499-1569) Spread the Bhakti cult in Assam. Vallabhacharya (1479-1531)Exponent of Krishna cult. He worshipped. Krishna under the title "Srinathji." Surdas (1483-1563)A disciple of Vallabhacharya, he showed intense devotion to Gadha and Krishna. Mirabai (1498-1563, picture) Staunch devotee of Lord Krishna, she composed number of songs and poems in honor of Krishna. Haridas (1478-1573, picture): a great musician saint who sang the glories of Lord Vishnu. Tulasidas (1532-1623, picture): Depicted Rama as the incarnation. He wrote Ramcharitmanas. Namdeva (1270-1309) (Maharashtra): A disciple of Vishoba Khechar, he was a devotee of Vittoba (Vishnu). Jnanesvara (1275-1296): Wrote "Jnaneswari", a commentary on the Bhagavad Gita. Eknath Wrote commentary on verses of the Bhagavad Gita: A devotee of Vithoba. Tukaram: Contempotary of Maratha king Shivaji; a devotee of Vithal he founded the Varkau sect. His teachings are contained in Abhangas. Ram Das: Author of Dasabodh, his teachings inspired Shivaji to establish an independent kingdom in Maharashtra

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