Politics-Capstone Design-Lecture 19 Slides-Electrical and Computer Engineering, Slides for Capstone Design. University of Alabama (AL)
cristelle
cristelle2 March 2012

Politics-Capstone Design-Lecture 19 Slides-Electrical and Computer Engineering, Slides for Capstone Design. University of Alabama (AL)

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Industries, corporations, individuals, interest groups, and even universities lobby federal, state and local governments in an attempt to procure resources and affect policy. D.J.Jacksoni, Capstone, Design, Engineering, ...
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Microsoft PowerPoint - LECT19 -- Engineering and Politics.PPT [Compatibility Mode]

1

Capstone Design

Engineering and Politics

Engineering and Politics (1 of 8)Electrical & Computer Engineering

Engineering and Politics

• It's not obvious that engineering has anything to do with politics and government, but I am reminded of a story. A lawyer, a physician, an engineer, and a politician were arguing about whose profession was the oldest The lawyer insisted that law was the oldest: "Cain killed Abel and. , there must have been a trial, so law is the oldest profession." "No, no," replied the physician. "God created Eve from Adam's rib, and removing the rib required surgery. So medicine is the oldest profession." The engineer demurred: "In just seven days, God created the heavens and the earth out of chaos. That was a monumental engineering task, so engineering is the oldest profession." The politician burst in: "But who created the chaos?“

Engineering and Politics (2 of 8)Electrical & Computer Engineering

• Michael C. Loui, A speech at the Eta Kappa Nu Initiation Ceremony, November 13, 1992.

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How do Politics Affect Engineering?

• The political process affects distribution of resources • The Budget of the United States Government is a federal

document that the President submits to Congress – The President's budget submission outlines funding

recommendations • Congressional decisions are governed by rules and

legislation regarding the federal budget process – House and Senate Budget committees each develop budget

resolutions, which provide spending limits for the House and Senate Appropriations Committees' subcommittees, which then approve individual appropriations bills to allocate funding to various federal

Engineering and Politics (3 of 8)Electrical & Computer Engineering

programs • After Congress approves an appropriations bill, it is sent to

the President, who may sign it into law, or may veto it • A vetoed bill is sent back to Congress, which can pass it into

law with a two-thirds majority in each chamber.

2008 U.S. Federal Spending

Engineering and Politics (4 of 8)Electrical & Computer Engineering

3

The Engineering Lobbyist

• Industries, corporations, individuals, interest groups, and even universities lobby federal, state and local governments in an attempt to procure resources and affect policy

• Examples – Semiconductor Industry Association (www.sia-online.org)

lobbies the government on behalf of its member companies attempting to impact issues such as trade, taxes incentives etc

Engineering and Politics (5 of 8)Electrical & Computer Engineering

, , . – The University of Alabama lobbies state and federal

government entities for appropriations requests, other funding issues, etc.

How do Politics Affect Engineering?

• The political process creates policies controlling individual and corporate activities E l• xamp es: – Individual and corporate tax structure – Federal tariffs on goods – Changes in VISA processes – International cooperation

• NAFTA, etc.

Engineering and Politics (6 of 8)Electrical & Computer Engineering

– Legislation affecting the procurement and use of “conflict minerals”

• http://www.raisehopeforcongo.org/casualties_conflict_minerals • http://money.cnn.com/2009/03/27/news/international/congo.fortun

e/index.htm?postversion=2009032715

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How does Engineering Affect Politics?

• Engineers lobby for policies and spending practices that directly impact the profession – These engineers may be industry representatives, noted

academic leaders, individuals, etc. • Engineering ability drives future political policies

and expenditures • Examples

Engineering and Politics (7 of 8)Electrical & Computer Engineering

– Research projects offices and laboratories associated with military and other governmental entities

• DARPA, ARL, AFOSR, AFRL, NWL, ONR, ORNL, NREL, NSF, NOAA, NASA, NIST

Food for further thought

• Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC) – www.eicc.info

Global e Sustainability Initiative• - – www.gesi.org

• Engineer's Guide to Influencing Public Policy – www.ieeeusa.org/policy/guide/index.html

• Q&A With Washington State Representative Toby Nixon – http://www.todaysengineer.org/2005/Dec/interview.asp

Engineering and Politics (8 of 8)Electrical & Computer Engineering

• Engineers in politics – http://www.embedded.com/columns/embeddedpulse/163702446?_re

questid=136515

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