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RPSGT General Knowledge Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024, Exams of Nursing

RPSGT General Knowledge Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024RPSGT General Knowledge Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024RPSGT General Knowledge Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024RPSGT General Knowledge Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024RPSGT General Knowledge Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024

Typology: Exams

2023/2024

Available from 07/08/2024

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Download RPSGT General Knowledge Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024 and more Exams Nursing in PDF only on Docsity! General Knowledge : Comprehensive Exam Guide : 2024 1. When referring to the rapid eye movement during sleep, which term is most accurate? A. REM B. Non-REM C. Slow-wave sleep D. Somnolence Correct Answer: A. REM Rationale: REM stands for Rapid Eye Movement and is the correct term used to describe the sleep stage characterized by rapid movement of the eyes. 2. Which of the following best describes the principle of beneficence in medical ethics? A. Doing no harm B. Acting in the patient's best interest C. Ensuring patient autonomy D. Maintaining confidentiality Correct Answer: B. Acting in the patient's best interest Rationale: Beneficence refers to actions that promote the well-being of others. In the medical context, this means healthcare professionals should act in the best interest of the patient. D. Anuria Correct Answer: A. Ataxia Rationale: Ataxia refers to the lack of muscle coordination which can affect speech, eye movements, the ability to swallow, walking, picking up objects, and other voluntary movements. 8. In the context of patient care, what does the acronym PPE stand for? A. Patient and Public Engagement B. Personal Protective Equipment C. Professional Practice Evaluation D. Patient Privacy and Ethics Correct Answer: B. Personal Protective Equipment Rationale: PPE stands for Personal Protective Equipment, which includes items like gloves, masks, and gowns used to protect healthcare workers from infection. 9. What is the term for a written document that outlines a patient's wishes regarding medical treatment in the event they become incapacitated? A. Informed Consent B. Advance Directive C. Patient Affidavit D. Medical Power of Attorney Correct Answer: B. Advance Directive Rationale: An advance directive is a legal document that communicates a patient's wishes about medical treatment if they are unable to make decisions on their own. 10. Which of the following is a non-verbal communication skill that is essential for patient care? A. Paraphrasing B. Active listening C. Body language D. Clarification Correct Answer: C. Body language Rationale: Body language is a form of non-verbal communication that includes posture, gestures, facial expressions, and eye movements, all of which are important in patient care. 11. What is the primary ethical concern when a healthcare provider shares patient information with a colleague? A. Time management B. Professional courtesy C. Patient confidentiality D. Continuity of care Correct Answer: C. Patient confidentiality Rationale: Patient confidentiality is a fundamental part of medical ethics and legal obligations, ensuring that personal health information is shared only with authorized individuals. 12. The ability to perform basic mathematical calculations in healthcare is essential for: A. Scheduling appointments B. Calculating medication dosages C. Writing patient reports D. Configuring computer settings Correct Answer: B. Calculating medication dosages Rationale: Basic math skills are crucial for calculating correct medication dosages, which is vital for patient safety and effective treatment. 13. Which computer skill is most important for managing electronic health records (EHR)? A. Typing speed B. Spreadsheet creation C. Database management D. Email etiquette Correct Answer: C. Database management Rationale: Database management skills are essential for handling EHRs, as they involve storing, organizing, and retrieving patient information efficiently. 14. What is the term for the ethical principle that requires healthcare providers to do no harm? B) Patient's well-being C) Colleague's opinion D) Hospital's reputation Correct Answer: B) Patient's well-being Rationale: Upholding ethical standards in healthcare necessitates prioritizing the patient's best interests above all other considerations. Patient Confidentiality: Which scenario violates patient confidentiality? A) Discussing a patient's case in a public area B) Sharing patient information with a colleague involved in the care C) Sending patient records through secure channels D) Obtaining patient consent before sharing information Correct Answer: A) Discussing a patient's case in a public area Rationale: Patient confidentiality mandates that sensitive information be safeguarded and shared only with authorized individuals in secure settings. Basic Patient Care and Emergency Procedures: What is the immediate action to take in a patient experiencing cardiac arrest? A) Wait for the doctor to arrive B) Administer CPR C) Call the patient's family D) Document the event Correct Answer: B) Administer CPR Rationale: Prompt initiation of CPR is crucial in cases of cardiac arrest to maintain blood circulation and increase the chances of survival. Basic Math Skills and Calculations: If a patient needs to take 2 tablets of medication every 6 hours, how many tablets should they take in a day? A) 4 tablets B) 6 tablets C) 8 tablets D) 12 tablets Correct Answer: C) 8 tablets Rationale: Taking 2 tablets every 6 hours translates to 4 doses in a day, totaling 8 tablets. Computer Skills: Which software application is commonly used for electronic medical records? A) Microsoft Excel B) Adobe Photoshop C) Epic D) AutoCAD Correct Answer: C) Epic Rationale: Electronic medical records are often managed using specialized software applications like Epic for efficient documentation and retrieval of patient information. Medical Terminology: What does the term "Hematology" refer to? A) Study of blood and blood-forming tissues B) Study of the heart C) Study of the lungs D) Study of the brain Correct Answer: A) Study of blood and blood-forming tissues Rationale: Hematology focuses on the study of blood, blood diseases, and blood-forming organs. Safety: Which of the following is a key component of infection control? A) Wearing gloves only during surgery B) Hand hygiene C) Reusing disposable masks D) Disinfecting equipment irregularly Correct Answer: B) Hand hygiene If a patient's IV solution needs to infuse at 40 mL per hour, how much should be infused in 6 hours? A) 240 mL B) 200 mL C) 180 mL D) 220 mL Correct Answer: A) 240 mL Rationale: Infusing at 40 mL per hour for 6 hours totals 240 mL for the entire duration. 1. Which of the following medical terms refers to the surgical removal of the appendix? A) Appendectomy B) Nephrectomy C) Hysterectomy D) Cholecystectomy Correct Answer: A) Appendectomy Rationale: Appendectomy specifically refers to the removal of the appendix. 2. In terms of safety in a hospital setting, which of the following is a crucial step to prevent the development of pressure ulcers in patients? A) Regularly turning patients to different positions B) Administering tranquilizers to keep patients in a sedated state C) Using the same bed linens for an extended period D) Ignoring early signs of skin breakdown Correct Answer: A) Regularly turning patients to different positions Rationale: Regularly turning patients can help alleviate pressure on specific areas and prevent pressure ulcers. 3. What is the most effective way to ensure clear verbal communication with a patient who has impaired hearing? A) Speak loudly and enunciate each word slowly B) Use complex medical terms to maintain professionalism C) Avoid eye contact to not intimidate the patient D) Speak clearly and directly facing the patient, using gestures as needed Correct Answer: D) Speak clearly and directly facing the patient, using gestures as needed Rationale: Facing the patient and using gestures can help enhance communication clarity. 4. Which of the following actions demonstrates ethical behavior in a healthcare setting? A) Disclosing a patient's confidential medical information to friends B) Automatically assuming a patient's symptoms without thorough assessment C) Providing care based on personal beliefs rather than evidence-based practice D) Respecting a patient's rights and maintaining confidentiality of their information Correct Answer: D) Respecting a patient's rights and maintaining confidentiality of their information Rationale: Ethical behavior includes respecting patient confidentiality and upholding their rights. 5. When considering patient confidentiality, which situation would breach confidentiality? A) Sharing patient information with a healthcare provider involved in the patient's care B) Discussing the patient's condition with a family member authorized by the patient C) Posting about a patient on social media without their consent D) Providing necessary patient information to insurance companies for billing purposes C) Regularly update and back up electronic records D) Access patient records from unsecured public Wi-Fi networks Correct Answer: C) Regularly update and back up electronic records Rationale: Regularly updating and backing up electronic records helps maintain accuracy and security. 10. When calculating a patient's fluid intake for the day, which factor should be considered? A) Including only water intake in the calculation B) Excluding morning medications from the total intake C) Considering all sources of fluid intake, including IV fluids D) Assessing only the patient's perception of their fluid intake Correct Answer: C) Considering all sources of fluid intake, including IV fluids Rationale: Calculating fluid intake involves considering all sources, including oral intake and IV fluids. 11. Which of the following scenarios demonstrates effective written communication skills in healthcare? A) Using ambiguous language in patient notes to save time B) Documenting accurate and timely information in patient charts C) Omitting crucial details in reports for brevity D) Delaying documentation to complete it at the end of the shift Correct Answer: B) Documenting accurate and timely information in patient charts Rationale: Effective written communication involves documenting detailed and timely information in patient records. 12. In the context of patient care, what principle should guide healthcare professionals in decision-making? A) Prioritizing personal preferences over patient needs B) Following evidence-based practice guidelines C) Disregarding patient autonomy D) Focusing solely on speed and efficiency Correct Answer: B) Following evidence-based practice guidelines Rationale: Evidence-based practice guidelines provide a foundation for informed decision-making in patient care. 13. Which of the following measurements is essential for monitoring a patient's respiratory status? A) Blood pressure B) Oxygen saturation C) Blood glucose level D) Urinary output Correct Answer: B) Oxygen saturation Rationale: Oxygen saturation is crucial for assessing respiratory status and oxygen levels in the blood. 14. What is the correct procedure to ensure patient safety when administering medications? A) Asking the patient for the dosage instructions B) Verifying the patient's identity and medication allergies C) Guessing the dosage based on previous prescriptions D) Administering the medication without consulting the patient Correct Answer: B) Verifying the patient's identity and medication allergies Rationale: Verifying patient identity and medication allergies helps prevent medication errors and ensures patient safety. 15. How can healthcare professionals maintain confidentiality when discussing patient information in a public setting? Rationale: Accurate documentation of physical assessment findings requires using proper terminology and standardized assessment tools. 19. In a healthcare setting, which practice demonstrates respect for patient autonomy and informed consent? A) Making decisions for the patient without their input B) Providing detailed information to the patient and obtaining consent C) Disregarding patient preferences and choices D) Withholding information to prevent patient anxiety Correct Answer: B) Providing detailed information to the patient and obtaining consent Rationale: Respecting patient autonomy involves providing information for informed consent and involving patients in decision-making. 20. How can healthcare professionals ensure accurate medication administration through proper dosage calculations? A) Estimating dosages based on patient size without calculations B) Double-checking calculations with a colleague for accuracy C) Omitting calculations to save time during medication administration D) Ignoring weight and lab values when calculating dosages Correct Answer: B) Double-checking calculations with a colleague for accuracy Rationale: Double-checking dosage calculations with a colleague can help ensure accurate medication administration. 21. Which of the following is an essential aspect of maintaining professionalism in healthcare communication? A) Using informal language and slang with colleagues B) Sharing personal opinions and biases openly C) Communicating clearly and respectfully with patients and colleagues D) Disregarding patient concerns and emotions Correct Answer: C) Communicating clearly and respectfully with patients and colleagues Rationale: Professionalism in healthcare communication involves clear and respectful interactions with patients and colleagues. 22. In an emergency situation, which basic first aid skill is crucial for controlling bleeding? A) Applying heat directly to the wound B) Elevating the injured limb above the heart level C) Removing any embedded foreign objects from the wound D) Applying direct pressure to the bleeding area with a sterile bandage Correct Answer: D) Applying direct pressure to the bleeding area with a sterile bandage Rationale: Applying direct pressure with a sterile bandage can help control bleeding in an emergency situation. 23. When conducting a patient handover to another healthcare provider, what information should be included for continuity of care? A) Providing vague details to save time during handover B) Sharing only positive aspects of patient care C) Communicating essential information such as diagnosis, treatment, and changes in patient condition D) Omitting any potential complications to avoid creating unnecessary worry Correct Answer: C) Communicating essential information such as diagnosis, treatment, and changes in patient condition Rationale: Effective patient handover requires communicating essential information for continuity of care. 24. What role do critical thinking skills play in decision-making regarding patient care? 28. In medical calculations, what is a vital skill when determining the correct dosage of medication based on a patient's weight? A) Guessing the dosage based on visual estimation B) Relying solely on patient-reported weight C) Converting weight units accurately for calculation D) Ignoring the patient's weight in medication dosages Correct Answer: C) Converting weight units accurately for calculation Rationale: Converting weight units accurately is essential in calculating medication dosages based on a patient's weight. 29. How should healthcare professionals prioritize patient advocacy in their practice? A) Upholding solely institutional policies and protocols B) Advocating for patients' rights and preferences C) Disregarding patient concerns and decisions D) Focusing on completing tasks efficiently without considering patient needs Correct Answer: B) Advocating for patients' rights and preferences Rationale: Patient advocacy involves supporting patients' rights, preferences, and needs in healthcare decisions.
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