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RPSGT Knowledge Check 1 Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024, Exams of Nursing

RPSGT Knowledge Check 1 Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024RPSGT Knowledge Check 1 Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024RPSGT Knowledge Check 1 Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024RPSGT Knowledge Check 1 Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024

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2022/2023

Available from 07/08/2024

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Download RPSGT Knowledge Check 1 Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024 and more Exams Nursing in PDF only on Docsity! RPSGT Knowledge Check 1 Comprehensive Exam Guide 2024 1. What is the primary purpose of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)? A) To diagnose sleep apnea B) To measure daytime sleepiness C) To evaluate sleep quality D) To assess sleep duration Correct Answer: B) To measure daytime sleepiness Rationale: The ESS is designed to assess the level of daytime sleepiness, which can be an indicator of sleep disorders. 2. Which component is NOT a part of the STOP-Bang questionnaire? A) Snoring B) Tiredness C) Age D) Blood pressure Correct Answer: D) Blood pressure Rationale: The STOP-Bang questionnaire includes questions about Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apneas, high blood Pressure, BMI, Age, Neck circumference, and Gender, but not blood pressure measurements. Rationale: Channel calibration is essential to ensure that the physiological signals are accurately recorded during the sleep study. 8. Which of the following is NOT typically measured during a sleep study? A) Eye movements B) Heart rate C) Blood glucose levels D) Breathing patterns Correct Answer: C) Blood glucose levels Rationale: Standard sleep studies measure eye movements, heart rate, and breathing patterns, but not typically blood glucose levels. 9. The Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) is calculated by dividing the number of apneas and hypopneas by what? A) The total sleep time B) The number of REM periods C) The duration of the sleep study D) The number of sleep cycles Correct Answer: A) The total sleep time Rationale: AHI is calculated by dividing the total number of apneas and hypopneas by the total sleep time, usually expressed as events per hour. 10. Which mode of intervention is NOT commonly used in the treatment of sleep apnea? A) CPAP B) BiPAP C) Oral appliance therapy D) Light therapy Correct Answer: D) Light therapy Rationale: Light therapy is not a common intervention for sleep apnea; it is more often used for conditions like Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). 11. Which surgical option is typically considered for patients with obstructive sleep apnea? A) Tonsillectomy B) Appendectomy C) Cholecystectomy D) Hysterectomy Correct Answer: A) Tonsillectomy Rationale: Tonsillectomy can be considered for obstructive sleep apnea if enlarged tonsils are contributing to the airway obstruction. 12. A contraindication for using CPAP therapy would be: A) Nasal congestion B) Claustrophobia C) Chronic sinusitis D) Recent nasal surgery Correct Answer: D) Recent nasal surgery Rationale: CPAP therapy may not be suitable for patients who have had recent nasal surgery until they have fully healed. 13. What is the significance of the Respiratory Effort-Related Arousal (RERA) index? A) It measures the severity of central sleep apnea. B) It quantifies the number of arousals related to respiratory effort. C) It indicates the effectiveness of PAP therapy. D) It assesses the patient's ability to initiate sleep. Correct Answer: B) It quantifies the number of arousals related to respiratory effort. Rationale: The RERA index is used to quantify the number of arousals that are related to increased respiratory effort, which can be an indicator of sleep-disordered breathing. 14. Total Sleep Time (TST) is an important metric in sleep studies because: A) It determines the patient's sleep efficiency. B) It correlates with the patient's cognitive performance. C) It is used to calculate the AHI. D) All of the above Correct Answer: D) All of the above Rationale: TST is a critical metric as it impacts sleep efficiency, correlates with cognitive performance, and is used in the calculation of AHI. A. To monitor brain activity B. To measure oxygen saturation C. To record muscle movements D. All of the above Correct Answer: D Rationale: Electrode and sensor placement in sleep studies is crucial for monitoring various physiological parameters, including brain activity, oxygen levels, and muscle movements. Question: Which type of sleep testing can be conducted in a patient's home environment? A. Polysomnography B. Multiple Sleep Latency Test C. Home Sleep Apnea Testing D. Maintenance of Wakefulness Test Correct Answer: C Rationale: Home Sleep Apnea Testing allows individuals to undergo sleep studies in the comfort of their own homes, providing convenience and potentially more natural sleep patterns for assessment. Question: What is the purpose of channel and physiological calibrations in sleep studies? A. To synchronize data collection B. To ensure accurate measurement of physiological signals C. To adjust sleep stages automatically D. To record environmental noise levels Correct Answer: B Rationale: Channel and physiological calibrations are essential to ensure the accurate measurement and recording of physiological signals during sleep studies. Question: Which of the following is typically monitored in sleep studies to assess movements during sleep? A. Eye movements B. Leg movements C. Arm movements D. All of the above Correct Answer: D Rationale: Movements during sleep studies can be monitored using various sensors to capture eye movements, leg movements, arm movements, and other body motions. Question: What does AHI stand for in sleep studies? A. Average Hypoxia Index B. Apnea-Hypopnea Index C. Airflow Heartbeat Indicator D. Awake Hyperventilation Index Correct Answer: B Rationale: AHI stands for Apnea-Hypopnea Index, which measures the number of apnea and hypopnea events per hour of sleep. Question: Which mode of intervention is commonly used for treating sleep apnea? A. Medication therapy B. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy C. Positive Airway Pressure D. Light Therapy Correct Answer: C Rationale: Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) therapy is a common mode of intervention for treating sleep apnea by keeping the airway open during sleep. Question: What are some surgical options available for treating sleep disorders? A. Tonsillectomy B. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty Correct Answer: A. Blood pressure measurement Rationale: The STOP-Bang questionnaire includes elements such as BMI, neck circumference, gender, and snoring as part of screening for obstructive sleep apnea. 3. What is typically performed pre-PSG to assess a patient's sleep patterns and habits? A. Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) B. Actigraphy C. Home Sleep Apnea Testing (HSAT) D. Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT) Correct Answer: B. Actigraphy Rationale: Actigraphy is a non-invasive method used to assess a patient's sleep-wake patterns and habits before undergoing a polysomnography (PSG). 4. Which sleep disorder testing method involves the use of a portable device for home-based monitoring? A. Polysomnography (PSG) B. Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) C. Home Sleep Apnea Testing (HSAT) D. Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT) Correct Answer: C. Home Sleep Apnea Testing (HSAT) Rationale: Home Sleep Apnea Testing (HSAT) is a portable method of sleep disorder testing done in the patient's home environment to monitor breathing patterns and oxygen levels during sleep. 5. What is the primary purpose of PAP therapy in treating sleep apnea? A. To monitor sleep architecture B. To improve sleep efficiency C. To provide continuous positive airway pressure D. To measure limb movements during sleep Correct Answer: C. To provide continuous positive airway pressure Rationale: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy is a common treatment for sleep apnea that involves delivering a continuous flow of air to keep the airway open during sleep. 6. In PAP therapy, what is the main mechanical component responsible for delivering pressurized air to the patient? A. Tubing B. Humidifier C. Mask D. CPAP machine Correct Answer: D. CPAP machine Rationale: The CPAP machine is the primary mechanical component in PAP therapy that delivers pressurized air to the patient through tubing and a mask. 7. Which of the following describes the correct electrode and sensor placement for a standard PSG setup? A. Two EEG electrodes on the chin and two EOG electrodes above the eyes B. Two EMG electrodes on the legs and two ECG electrodes on the chest C. Two EEG electrodes on the scalp and two EOG electrodes near the eyes D. Two EMG electrodes on the chin and two EOG electrodes on the temples Correct Answer: C. Two EEG electrodes on the scalp and two EOG electrodes near the eyes Rationale: Proper electrode and sensor placement in a standard PSG setup typically involve placing EEG electrodes on the scalp and EOG electrodes near the eyes to monitor brain activity and eye movements during sleep. 8. Which calibration is used to measure leg movements during sleep in a PSG recording? A. EOG calibration B. EMG calibration C. EEG calibration D. ECG calibration Correct Answer: B. EMG calibration Rationale: Electromyography (EMG) calibration is necessary to measure and record leg movements during sleep as part of a polysomnography (PSG) study. D. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Correct Answer: B. PAP therapy Rationale: Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) therapy is the primary mode of intervention for patients with sleep apnea, as it helps keep the airway open during sleep by delivering pressurized air. 14. Which of the following is a common surgical option for treating obstructive sleep apnea? A. Adenoidectomy B. Arthroscopy C. Tonsillectomy D. Rhinoplasty Correct Answer: A. Adenoidectomy Rationale: Adenoidectomy, the removal of the adenoids, is a common surgical option to treat obstructive sleep apnea in patients with enlarged adenoids obstructing the airway during sleep. 15. What are the typical indications for considering surgical options in treating sleep disorders? A. Mild snoring B. Severe obstructive sleep apnea C. Restless leg syndrome D. Narcolepsy Correct Answer: B. Severe obstructive sleep apnea Rationale: Surgical options are typically considered for patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea who do not respond to non-invasive treatments like CPAP therapy. 16. Which of the following is NOT a contraindication for PAP therapy in treating sleep apnea? A. Facial deformity B. Claustrophobia C. Severe emphysema D. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Correct Answer: C. Severe emphysema Rationale: Severe emphysema is not a contraindication for PAP therapy, as it can be used in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to manage sleep-related breathing disorders. 17. How does electrode placement vary in PSG when monitoring eye movements compared to limb movements? A. EEG electrodes are used for eye movements, while EOG electrodes are used for limb movements B. EEG electrodes are used for both eye movements and limb movements C. EOG electrodes are used for eye movements, while EMG electrodes are used for limb movements D. ECG electrodes are used for both eye movements and limb movements Correct Answer: A. EEG electrodes are used for eye movements, while EOG electrodes are used for limb movements Rationale: Electroencephalography (EEG) electrodes are typically used to monitor eye movements, while Electrooculography (EOG) electrodes are used to monitor limb movements during a polysomnography (PSG) study. 18. What does a Home Sleep Apnea Testing (HSAT) device commonly measure during sleep monitoring? A. Leg movements B. Oxygen saturation levels C. Snoring intensity D. Heart rate variability Correct Answer: B. Oxygen saturation levels Rationale: Home Sleep Apnea Testing (HSAT) devices commonly measure oxygen saturation levels to monitor breathing patterns and detect apnea and hypopnea events during sleep. 19. In sleep studies, which channel is used to calibrate muscle tone and movements during sleep? A. EEG channel B. EOG channel C. EMG channel D. ECG channel Correct Answer: C. EMG channel 24. When calculating the Respiratory Effort Index (REI) in sleep studies, what does the numerator represent? A. Total number of obstructive apneas B. Total number of central apneas C. Sum of thoracoabdominal movement patterns D. Respiratory events per hour of sleep Correct Answer: C. Sum of thoracoabdominal movement patterns Rationale: The numerator in the Respiratory Effort Index (REI) calculation involves summing the thoracoabdominal movement patterns recorded during sleep to determine the effort exerted for breathing. 25. Which of the following is a common electroencephalography (EEG) finding observed during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in a polysomnography recording? A. Alpha waves pattern B. Beta waves pattern C. Delta waves pattern D. Theta waves pattern Correct Answer: D. Theta waves pattern Rationale: During REM sleep, rapid eye movements are often accompanied by a theta waves pattern in the electroencephalography (EEG) recording, indicative of the brain activity during this stage of sleep. 26. In PAP therapy, what is the primary function of the humidifier component in the treatment of sleep apnea? A. Regulate air pressure B. Maintain mask fit C. Prevent nasal congestion D. Provide moisture to prevent dryness Correct Answer: D. Provide moisture to prevent dryness Rationale: The humidifier component in PAP therapy helps provide moisture to the airflow, preventing dryness in the nasal passages and improving patient comfort during sleep apnea treatment. 27. Which physiological parameter is commonly monitored using the ECG channel during a polysomnography (PSG) study? A. Blood pressure B. Heart rate C. Oxygen saturation D. Respiratory rate Correct Answer: B. Heart rate Rationale: The ECG channel in a PSG study is used to monitor and record heart rate changes to assess cardiac function and identify heart- related abnormalities during sleep. 28. How is the Respiratory Effort Index (REI) calculated when assessing the respiratory effort required during sleep? A. Ratio of thoracoabdominal movements to cardiac activity B. Ratio of apneas to hypopneas C. Ratio of chest wall movements to nasal airflow D. Ratio of thoracoabdominal movements to total sleep time Correct Answer: C. Ratio of chest wall movements to nasal airflow Rationale: The Respiratory Effort Index (REI) is calculated by determining the ratio of chest wall movements to nasal airflow to quantify the effort required for breathing during sleep. 29. What is the primary purpose of calibrating the EEG channel during a polysomnography (PSG) recording? A. Measure eye movements B. Evaluate muscle tone C. Monitor brain activity D. Assess heart rate variability Correct Answer: C. Monitor brain activity Rationale: The EEG channel is used to monitor and record brain activity, including sleep stages and patterns, by measuring electrical signals in different regions of the brain during sleep. 30. In the context of sleep studies, what is the main goal of performing channel and physiological calibrations during a polysomnography (PSG) recording? A. Monitor for snoring intensity B. Ensure accurate data collection and analysis C. Measure total sleep time D. Assess airflow dynamics during sleep
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