short notes on stax and dom, Study notes for Applications of Computer Sciences. Shivaji University
suresh-kamble
suresh-kamble6 October 2017

short notes on stax and dom, Study notes for Applications of Computer Sciences. Shivaji University

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this pdf describes about java api jax -p parsing mechnism
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LIYANA ARACHCHIGE RANIL

SHORT NOTES / STAX vs SAX vs DOM

1. StAX stands for STREAMING API FOR XML 2. A streaming java based , event-driven , pull (client PULLS ,

KAKULA (CLIENT->PULLS)) parsing API for READING and WRITING XML documents

3. StAX enable you to create BIDIRECTIONAL XML parsers 4. StAX has only a LIGHT MEMORY FOOT PRINT 5. StAX provides STANDARD , BIDIRECTIONAL PULL PARSER for

STREAMING XML processing 6. More efficient memory management than DOM 7. The major GOAL of StAX is “to give Parsing Control to the

PRGRAMMER by EXPOSING a SIMPLE ITERATOR based API” 8. This allows the programmer to ASK the NEXT event (PULL EVENT)

and allows state to be stored in procedural fashion 9. StAX was created to address the LIMITATIONS of two other

parsers DOM and SAX 10. Streaming verses DOM – there are two types of programming

models when working with XML infosets. STREAMING and DOCUMENT OBJECT MODEL

11. The DOM models involves creating IN-MEMORY objects representing an entire document tree and the complete infoset state for an XML document

12. Once in memory , DOM trees can be NAVIGATED freely and parsed ARBITARILY and provide MAXIMUM flexibility to PROGRAMMERS

13. However , the MEMORY FOOT PRINT and PROCESSING REQUIREMENTS are high for DOM

14. STREAMING refers to s PROGRAMMING MODEL in which XML infosets are TRANSMITTED and PARSED SERIALLY at application

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RUNTIME. Often in REALTIME and often DYNAMIC source whose content are not PRECISELY KNOWN beforehand

15. STREAM based parsers can start generating output IMMEDIATEL and Infoset items can be discharged and garbage collected IMMEDIATELY after they are used

16. The primary trade off in STREAMING is you can only see the infoset state at one location at a time in the document

17. STREAMING model is useful when application has STRICT memory requirements

18. STREAMING PULL parsing verse STREAMING PUSH parsing – CLIENT APPLICATION CALLS methods on an XML parsing library when it NEEDS to interact with XML infoset , that is CLIENT PULLS

19. STREAMING PISH PARSING – XML parser SENDS (PUSHES) XML data to the client as the parser encounters element in XML

20. PULL parsing advantages over PUSH parsing – a. With PULL parsing CLIENT CONTROLS the application

thread, PUSH parsing parser controls the application thread b. PULL parsing libraries can be mush SMALLER and the client

code to interact with those libraries much SIMPLER that PUSH

c. PULL clients can read MULTIPLE documents at one time with a SINGLE thread

d. A StAX PULL parser can FILTER XML documents such that elements UNNECCESSARY to the client can be IGNORED

21. StAX use cases a. Data Binding

i. Unmarshalling XML documents ii. Marshalling XML Documents iii. Parallel Document Processing iv. Wireless Communication

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b. SOAP Message Processing i. Parsing simple predictable structures ii. Parsing GRAPH representation with forward

references iii. Parsing WSDL

c. Virtual Data Sources i. Viewing XML data stored in data bases ii. Viewing data in java objects created by XML data

binding iii. Navigating a DOM tree as a stream of events

d. Parsing specific XML vocabularies e. Pipelined XML Processing

22. StAX is not as POWERFUL as TraX or JDOM , but neither does it REQUIRE as much memory or processor load to be useful

23. StAX enabled clients are generally EASIER to code than SAX clients

24. StAX is BIDIRECTIONAL , it can both READ and WRITE XML documents. SAX is READ ONLY

25. SAX is a PUSH API , StAX is a PULL API

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26.

27. StAX has two API , namely CURSOR API and ITERATOR API 28. Cursor API represents a CURSOR with which you can walk XML

document from BEGINNING to END. Always move FORWARD ,never BACK WARD

29. XMLStreamReader , XMLStreamWriter are two main Cursor interfaces

30. ITERATOR API represents XML document stream as a set of DESCRETE EVENT OBJECTS

31. These events are PULLED by the application and PROVIDED by the parser in the order they are read in the source XML document

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32. XMLEvent , XMLEventReader , XMLEventWriter are major interfaces

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