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Socio-Economic Impact Analysis
Castillo, Kimberly Nicole
Magno, Joanne Sophia
Sanico, Zyrelle Fe
Sy, Ahcy Mari
Socio-Economic Impact Analysis
Abbreviated as SEIA, is used to systematically analyze the probable socio-economic
impacts of an offered concept or development to distinguish and assess how it affects the
community of people. Socio-Economic Impact Analysis is a big help for developers to avoid
disadvantageous impacts from happening to the community that is being immersed into.
Developers are not the ones who are deciding whether the socio-economic component
is necessary or not, the decision lies within the people who live in the community, because
they are the ones who will be affected once the development has been implemented. Aside
from that, SEIA helps in the planning of the concept in order to maximize its beneficial
impacts among the people.
Every business must go through screening wherein analysing all the possible impacts
on the socio-economic environment. All possible issues must be considered during the
analysis. Scoping helps in knowing the restrictions or the limitations a business must know. It
will also help in digging deeper on how the business could improve and other alternatives
that has an easier access. They could compare and assess the possible community that they could use for the development. This is also to evaluate the assessed community. This is a
guide for the business to know if there will be an impact in the environment.
a. Spatial Boundaries
Napindan is just a small area of Taguig City that is very abundant when it comes to water
plants just like water lilies, water hyacinths. There are no other areas in the place that these
plants could be transferred since the whole body of water is already covered with it. The
place is very limited. Not like other barangays beside Napindan, they have ways on how they
can use these plants into a useful items or products. Water spinach is also abundant in the
area. As mentioned in the development, Kangcong TV plans to get water spinach in
Napindan and it will be used as the main ingredient of the food business. This will be hard
since the members of Kangcong TV are from another city. They need to properly talk to those
persons who own and manage their own water spinach. They need to have patience especially
if the person they're going to talk to is very hard to pursue.
Regarding the issue of water spinach, Kangcong TV must make sure that the water spinach
that they're going to supply has no damage or it's in perfect shape. This will take time since
it's hard to know where water spinach really grew. This could only be answered by those who
take care of water spinach. If these issues are visible, these will highly affect the communities
and the families. If this will not be solved, water spinach will only be stuck from where it
grew. Many people will avoid eating this vegetable because of the bacteria or the diseases
that this vegetable could bring to our body especially that it mostly grow in the bodies of
water like bays or lake. These will cause a lot more problem. If the drainage is already being
clogged by the water spinach then it will be more clogged because it was already left there
alone, no one fixing the problem. This may also affect the fishing livelihood since there are
no chances that they could get fishes from the lakes and bays because of the abundance of
b. Temporal Boundary
Planning Stage is where the Kangcong TV proposed on how to make the development of
water spinach to reduce its abundance. This will also help reduce the unemployment rate in
Napindan, Taguig City. This would help in increasing the livelihood in the barangay. There is
uncertainty if the people in the community would likely adapt this proposal.
Construction Stage is the start of the working phase. The capital of Kangcong TV is only
limited since they're just starting to build their own business. They are also limited when it
comes to manpower. The members of Kangcong TV are the ones who are going to work for
themselves. They don't have yet employees. They have different roles so it's easier to work
without any problems. They only live in the same city so there's no hassle.
Operational Stage will be the same like how Kangcong TV is the in charge with the labor
and no one else. It will take time for them to be a bigger family.
Closure/ Decommisioning Stage is where the business will be removed from the community
especially if it's not really working. The impact of the business takes time and if the business
is really removed then the unemplyment rate will be back from the rate of it before.
Post-Development Stage shows the impact of the business if it's from a larger development.
KangCong TV just wants the proposed development to last long and be recognized by the
The impact of the business will happen if the community will gladly accept the proposal. It
will show if the business is very helpful then that is where the impact will be recognized.
There is uncertainty when it comes to longevity of the impact. It will always fall to the
receiver of the impact. But observing could help the longevity since it can be seen if the
people loves the business or not. When people get tired of what they're doing, this could
change the impact. The impacts could be helpful to the past, present and future
developments. This could be a guide on how other businesses can improve their plan and
Profiling Baseline Conditions
The second step of Socio-Economic Impact Analysis is used to gather and rigorously
understand the data that concerns the socio-economic environment of the chosen community
as well as the context of the offered development itself. In order to consider Profiling
Baseline Conditions as an effective one, it should address the state of the community from
the past, present and as well as the trends that bloomed and yet to rise. It should also tackle
about the possible change that may occur in the future and how will the proposed
development influence that change.
In addition, it also impacts valued socio-economic components and distinguish
potentially influenced community that is unsafe and resilient.
Data Collection Method
In order to gather the data necessary in this study, the researchers decided to use the
method of formal interview with a representative from the barangay of Napindan,Taguig City
who has a proper knowledge regarding the subject.
Fifteen Relevant and engaging questions will be provided by the researchers for the
representative to answer together with a recorder and notes for more accurate and secured
reference for this study.
Relevant Benchmarks and Indicators
Component Criteria Indicator
Potential Value Source
Income Levels • Median
• Income by
especially social assistance rates
Identifies the average
income of residents
of Napindan, Taguig.
source of income that
will help to recognize the indication of
dependence level on
Rates and Types
• Rates of
of Napindan, Taguig.
both employed and unemployed who are
participating in the
workforce within the
economic stability of
City and the level of
participation of the
residents in the
Statistics of Napindan,
• Percentage of
percentage rage of
the marginalized and
in Napindan, Taguig.
• Comparison of
census date and
occupational profiles of
• Percentage of
• Number of local
Provides the level of
influence of the
proposed development to the
of the community
Measures capacity of
Issue an accurate number of existing
that may help in
changing trends and
• Percentage of
• Percentage of
• Market value of
Measures capacity of
Provides the ratio of
activities to wage
labor market to seek
the value of the
Market demand for
the products that are
made by the
Characteristics of the
growth by age
• Number of
For this chapter, it will explain how the business affects the chosen community in all
possible way, the problems are going to be illustrate as well as the proposed solution.
Along these lines, here will be discussed if the business helps prevent the bad impact
or enhance the good impact.
Since we demand for product innovation, the economic impact of our business
is that first, it will help other people to think of something that can be very
useful and at the same time, can help the environment. We are here to show
them that we can use all of the things we see in our environment and be
innovative in inventing things. Second, recently there’s this news that was
recently happened here in the Philippines and according to ABS CBN News,
Farmers in Benguet province were forced to throw away tons of vegetables
they harvested last week as prices sank in markets and trading posts amid oversupply. We don’t want that to happen that’s why we make use of the
abundance of kangkong in a way that it won’t be thrown away to rot until it’s
already not useful or somehow prevent its numerous amount of supply in the
market. Also, this is one of the reasons why we came up with this kind of
We, the owners of KangCong TV decided to establish this business that will
help the people in Napindan to have a livelihood, especially mothers. The
social impact of our business to our chosen community is that the number of
unemployed citizens who live there will decrease once the business is already
established. Mothers will earn income by just cooking and selling the products
which are lumpiang kangcong, siomai kangcong, kangcong patty, and
kangcong nuggets that our group came up with. We want to help them in a
way that we can indirectly provide their income through our business. We’re
going to share everything that we can, from the recipe to its process in order
for them to improve our proposed business and for them to have an idea. On-
the-go snacks are somehow still a trend right now so when it comes to
marketing and finding their consumers, there will be no problem.
Our business which is KangCong TV will make an impact on people’s health
since the main ingredient of our on-the-go snack is Kangkong. Kangkong is a
vegetable rich in many nutrients that our body needs and its actually tasteless
but admired because of its crunchiness. According to Healthline, water
spinach or what we called kangkong here in the Philippines, is one of the
nutritious vegetables that were blessed upon us. It has vitamin B that helps our
brain to function well, cell metabolism, and it also prevents infections. Kathleen Zelman shared from her article that vitamin C which is also present
in water spinach, protects our immune system from deficiencies,
cardiovascular disease, prenatal health problems, eye disease, and even skin
wrinkling. While Alina Bradford wrote on her article that vitamin A includes
the formation and maintenance of teeth, bones, soft tissue, white blood cells,
etc. These 3 vitamins already gave us lots of things we can benefit from, what
more with the additional two such as: Phosphorus that filter out these waste in
our kidneys and calcium that builds and maintains strong bones of our body.
Here in the Philippines, we always add vegetables to our menu or we
experiment something especially for the kids in order for them to eat it. We
have a lot of suppliers when it comes to vegetable. We considered it us one of
our cultures since we have a lot of delicious pinoy food that includes
vegetables in it. We are rich in farms and agricultural products. According to
Pinas DLSU, The Philippines is an agricultural country with a land territory of
30 million hectares, 47% of which is farming area. In the Philippines, prime
horticultural terrains are situated around the principle urban and high populace
thickness territories. Of the complete zone under nourishment crops, coconut
represented the greatest normal reap territory of 4.25 million hectares.
Sugarcane with 673 thousand hectares; Industrial harvests with 591 thousand
hectares; 148 thousand hectares for natural products; 270 thousand hectares
for vegetables and rootcrops; 404 thousand hectares for field and 133 hectares
for cutflower. Sadly, in today’s generation, especially in NCR, this kind of
culture is slowly disappearing. A lot of fast food chain was established and
those fast foods can be seen everywhere. Some of us admired those food
chains because of the favorable experience that it gives us. No need for us to
cook food at home, less hassle and work. We are into meat that we can now
finally set aside the vegetables, the nutrients it has. Based on the studies of
University of the Philippines-Diliman students conducted, 1,030 students aged
16 to 20 commonly pick fast food products for them to consume. Because fast
food contains excessive amount of energy, saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium,
and cholesterol for 16 to 18 years of age, it is the more preferable food to eat. As a result, we had an overflowing supply of vegetables. The cultural impact
of our business here is that vegetables will finally be noticed again because of
our innovative invention. People will have an idea of also doing these things
so that vegetables will not be thrown away again whenever there will be
surplus again and aside from that, our culture will finally brought back when it
comes to Pinoy dishes.
Impact on Water
Here in the Philippines, the kangkong vegetable can be seen in swampy areas.
With its abundance all around, it can be sell intensely cheap. By means of
abundance, it can actually consider as one of the water hyacinths competitor in
swampy areas. With this kind of weather in the Philippines, it can probably
cause a surplus because of some delays in harvesting and no one wants that to
happen that’s why our business will be the way to lessen the numerous amount
of kangkong. Our products were actually less meat, more kangkong. In each
product, 1 leash of kangkong will be distributed and that’s reasonable because
aside from producing a healthy snack, we are lessening the production or
abundancy of kangkong in waters.
Kangcong TV chose Barangay Napindan in Taguig City because they have discovered
that the said community has 20% of unemployment rate. At this point, Kangcong TV
was established with innovative ingredients by using kangkong or water spinach as
the primary and main ingredient of every snack Kangcong TV offers. This is their
plan to help the unemployed citizens in Napindan, mainly the mothers, since they
have noticed that some peole in the community plant and grow water spinach in their
own places or areas. Kangcong TV can help them by being the supplier of kangkong
which is the main ingredient that they need for their business. Although Kangcong TV
cannot import all of the harvest in every household, but in some ways, Kangcong TV
can at least lessen the unemployment rate of the community. They have also planned
that if the business will become successful, they can give or grant the people in the
community the recipe of KangkongTV. This can also help the unemployed mothers or
parents, especially who has a plant of water spinach, by using the recipe made by
The evaluating significance contemplates the initiated enhancement of valued socio-
economic components if it will change or decrease to lower level of the acceptable
threshold. This resolved to determine the growth enhancement that may cause
unfavorable impacts on the components of socio-economic.
The abundance of aquatic plants in Napindan, Taguig City becomes one of the difficulties for the fishermen. For the reason that fishermen are hardly can work and
capture fish for their daily needs and occupations. For these issues, we cannot avoid
the fact that there are also other communities are affected.
KangCong TV was not established just to gain profit. The company had been
established to aid the deficiency of market place for the abundance of the aquatic
plants that become a problem to their barangay. The focus will also revolve to the
20% unemployed citizens to provide their own income by the use of KangCong TV’s
snacks they produce. The KangCong TV is willing to help the people in Napindan,
Taguig City to have a livelihood, and an enhancement on their lifestyle. This will also
help the abundance of water spinach of barangay Napindan to have a cycle and make
use of their local raw goods. The products that the company produces are not just
about snacks, it’s a healthy snack that can provide different vitamins and proteins in
the human body since people nowadays are not into eating healthy food.
Other Parties’ Perspective on Significant Impacts
Traditional and Local Knowledge
Filipino people have been using vegetable as the main recipe in any of Filipino dish.
Since water spinach is one of the large amounts of aquatic plants in Napindan, Taguig
City, and also the local plant that we have in the Philippines. The company had
decided to grab the opportunity to make this to another level. In current time, Filipino
people are into foods that are new to their taste. Combining the abundance of water spinach into a snack that is trending in the present-time is what the company that
came up to. Kangkong siomai, lumpiang kangkong, kangkong nuggets, kangkong
patty are the snacks that the company has made that could be help as a livelihood for
the unemployed people in Napindan.
Community-based Assessment Efforts
KangCong TV went to Napindan, Taguig City and conducted an interview to one of
the barangay official. Few questions were asked primarily to the abundance of aquatic
plants, problems to their community, percent of unemployed people, etc. The
abundance of aquatic plants has no market place for them to make used as a
livelihood, especially water hyacinth. They just smash the roots to the leaves and let it
rotten. Second answer that KangCong TV focuses is the 20% unemployed people in
Napindan, Taguig City and the company is willing to help to provide their income
through the company indirectly.
KangCong TV is making its way to established better relationship towards to various
communities of Napindan, Taguig City. The company is willingly to help them by the
used of the products that they come up with water spinach, which is one of the
abundance aquatic plants in Napindan. Supporting the local plant that the country
have, also the place has it, it will make easier for the communities to own and be
productive out of it. To be engaged to the community needs and to have an
understanding to people who are unemployed have their income through the use of
their own product.
The objective of the communities in Napindan, Taguig City is to have a relationship
to the officials and providing the needs that the communities are lacking. Solving the
issues that the place has and to make a better surrounding for the people living in
barangay Napindan. It’s also important for them to feel safe, and have a healthy living
which the officials of barangay Napindan provide for them. Promoting new
opportunities like various livelihood activities to the communities to engage and have
an enhancement in their barangay.
Applying Mitigation and Monitoring
For the researchers to establish a Socio-Economic Impact Analysis, apply mitigation
and monitoring is a necessary part of the study, because it is used to measure changes
with the use of scientific and traditional knowledge regarding the community chosen.
As for Kangcong TV, Napindan, Taguig City is the place to be immersed into
therefore; regular assessment of indicators is needed to be done systematically and
The methods that will be used as Kangcong TV continues to analyze the community
for this study include:
• Inspection of the policies and regulations that are implemented in Napindan,
Taguig City to make sure that the laws are being followed by the residents and
barangay officials as well.
• Taking part on the promotion of activities and public involvement of people
that will help for the researchers to have systematic monitoring and adaptive
management systems in order to make this study accurate.
• Establishing an agreement for the provision of appropriate resources that
include money and manpower.
• Inaugurate formulated mechanisms to alter the reducing measure to cope up
with the sudden changes that will happen in the near future that may greatly
affect the study as well as the threats and disaster that may occur.
• Immediate action based on planning whenever a change happened suddenly.
• Regular assessment of auditing of adaptive management system in order to
enhance and strengthen the accountability of the study conducted.
• Presentation of the reports and data gathered to the public including the
mentor of the study for transparency.
De La Salle University (DLSU) Web Development Team. (2007). Agriculture. Retrieved
Illao, M. (2019). Benguet farmers forced to throw away vegetables amid low prices, over
supply. Retrieved from https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/01/09/19/benguet-farmers-forced-
Kritz, B. TMT. (2017). Fast food health risks rapidly rising in Asia, PH. Retrieved from
Mackenzie Valley Environmental Impact Review Board. (2007). Socio-Economic Impact
Assessment Guidelines [PDF file]. Retrieved from reviewboard.ca/file/1024/download?
Nutrition and You. (n.d.). Kangkong (water spinach) nutrition facts. Retrieved from https://
Official site of Taguig City: http://www.taguig.gov.ph/our-government/city-officials/