Transportation Planning Process-Transportation Engineering-Lecture 09 Slides-Engineering, Slides for Transportation Engineering. Korea University of Science and Technology – Daejeon and Seoul
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tienxi16 February 2012

Transportation Planning Process-Transportation Engineering-Lecture 09 Slides-Engineering, Slides for Transportation Engineering. Korea University of Science and Technology – Daejeon and Seoul

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Transportation Planning Process, Transportation, Transportation Planning, Long Range Plan, Example of Transportation Project, Transportation Project Development, Transportation Project Evaluation, Project Evaluation Exam...
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Microsoft PowerPoint - 교통공학-10주차.pptx

Transportation Engineering 2010 Fall Semester

Transportation Planning Process

Transportation

Planning Engineering

Traffic Demand O/D Flows

User Cost/Time Nonuser Cost

Pollution Indirect Effect

Demand Analysis

Trip Generation Trip Distribution Mode Choice Route Choice

Network Performance

Vehicle Driver Characteristics

Geometric Design Traffic Flow

Capacity Analysis Queueing

Temporal & Spatial Network Equilibrium

Transportation Planning

• Have you ever wondered how decisions are made about transportation projects that affect your life?

• How do government officials decide where to put a bus stop, road, or bridge?

• How are these and other transportation projects planned?

• For many of us, transportation projects seem to come from nowhere.

Source: FHWA, A Guide to Transportation Decisionmaking, Publication No. FHWA-HEP-09-034

Transportation Planning

• Imagine any ground transportation: – train, car, bicycle, wheelchair, or foot. – Now, think about your favorite way to travel. – Which would you use to get to your destination? – Are you satisfied with your choice? – Will you have any problems using this method? – Would you like more options?

• The process of identifying transportation problems and looking for solutions to those problems is called transportation planning.

Source: FHWA, A Guide to Transportation Decisionmaking, Publication No. FHWA-HEP-09-034

Transportation Planning Process

1. Identify Needs 2. Set Objectives 3. Develop Options 4. Evaluate Options 5. Select Best Option 6. Implement Best Option 7. Evaluate Outcome

Transportation Forecasting or

Travel Demand Analysis

Long Range Plan

• Long-range (10+year) strategy and capital improvement program

• Developed to guide the effective investment of public funds in multi modal transportation facilities.

• Plan for investment and development • Composed of various transportation

projects

Long Range Plan in Korea 공간

범위 해당계획 근거법률

목표

년도 수립권자 대상시설 목적

전국

국가기간

교통망계획

교통체계

효율화법 20년

건교부

장관

도로, 철도,

항공, 항만 등

효율적

종합교통체계

확립

도로정비

기본계획 도로법 10년 상동

건교부관리

간선도로

국토계획실현을

위한 도로계획

국가철도망

구축계획 철도건설법 10년 상동 전국 간선철도

체계적 전국

철도망 구축

대도시 광역 권

광역교통

기본계획 대광법 20년 상동

- 광역간선교통망

- 광역교통시설

(대광법 해당시설)

대도시권 장기

종합교통계획

수립

광역교통

시행계획 상동 5년 상동

광역교통시설

(대광법 해당시설)

광역교통시설

지정․추진

시.도

도시교통

정비기본계획

도시교통

정비촉진법 20년 지자체 장

도로, 철도,

기타교통시설

종합적

도시교통계획

수립

도로정비

기본계획 도로법 10년 지자체 장 지자체 관리도로

지자체관리

도로의 중기 계획

수립

도시철도

기본계획 도시철도법 20년 지자체 장 도시철도(시․도)

지자체 도시철도

중장기계획 수립

Example of Transportation Project

• Highways

Highway Lines in Korea

출처: http://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/대한민국의_고속도로

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_in_South_Korea

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expressway

Example of Transportation Project

• Subway and Light Rail

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rapid_transit

• KTX Project – $17 Billion (20조) – 100,000 passenger/day

http://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/KTX-I

http://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/KTX-%EC%82%B0%EC%B2%9C

• Bus Line and Operation

http://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/서울특별시의_시내버스

Transportation Project Development

• Question – What is the problem of target area? – Funding Source? – Which mode we have to develop? (Highway,

Local Road, Railroad, Subway, Bus, High- speed Rail, Light Rail, Tram)

– New Technology? – Which line do we have to go? – Where do we locate

stop/terminal/ramp/interchange/station?

Transportation Project Evaluation

• Question – Who will use it? – How many people will use it? – How much time will be saved by it? – What is the benefit of it? – What is the cost of it? – Is it worth the money?

Transportation Forecasting or

Travel Demand Analysis

Project Evaluation Example

Seoul

Wonju

Existing Traffic: v=100,000 veh/day

New Highway Line Travel Time (hr) : 0.01v/1000+1 Construction Cost: $1.5 Billion (Paid year 2010) Planning Horizon: 5 years (year 2010-2014) Time Value : $10/veh/hr Discount (or Inflation) Rate :10% per year

Existing Highway Travel Time (hr) : 0.02v/1000+0.5

• Calculate B/C Ratio

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