World of Happiness-Lecture Slides (Wealth Chasm)-Literature, Slides for Psychology of Happiness. The University of Sheffield
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World of Happiness-Lecture Slides (Wealth Chasm)-Literature, Slides for Psychology of Happiness. The University of Sheffield

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These are the lecture slides by Dr. Danny Dorling who is a well known lecturer in the field of Happiness Studies. These Slides are from his lectures delivered in 2010. The following are the main points; The Wealth Chasm,...
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The Wealth Chasm

1

LVSC & Trust for London

conference on income

inequality in London

100 years

of tackling poverty and

inequality in the capital

The Wealth

Chasm

Danny Dorling

23rd November 2010

Clifford Chance

Canary Wharf

All C ause SM R

29 - 9 0

90 - 1 05

105 - 112

112 - 120

120 - 146

Booth-based Index O f Poverty

Low (richest )

High ( poores t)

1991 C ensus based Index

Low (richest )

High ( poores t)

map i

map ii

map iii

Poverty in London, 1896, 1991 and later mortality

2

Purpose of talk is to explain:

―Why income inequality is of relevance to all Londoners, especially at a time when the capital is not only still recovering from the recession but also facing severe cuts in public sector spending‖

1 in 10 of whose babies died in 1901 because they

tolerated poverty. Today‘s equivalent is poor mental health

3

―When I‘m worried about something I can talk to my mum or dad‖

―When I‘m worried about something I can talk to my friends‖

―When I‘m worried about something I can talk to an adult other than my

mum or dad‖. Children who answered ‘yes’ to at least 2 of these 3:

GOR

Emotional

health of

children

2008/09

Emotional

health of

children

2009/10 change

North East 63.6 56.7 -6.9

North West 65.0 58.6 -6.4

Yorkshire and The Humber 64.3 57.3 -7.0

Sheffield

East Midlands

60.4

61.9

56.5

54.2

-3.8

-7.7

West Midlands 63.6 57.8 -5.8

East of England 61.6 56.0 -5.6

London 60.2 53.2 -7.0

South East 61.6 54.8 -6.8

South West 62.7 56.2 -6.5

England 62.6 56.0 -6.6

Source: ―Tell

US‖ Survey –

cancelled

2010

Children‘s mental

health is getting

worse. Especially

in London

4

Rye

Bow

Ware

Eton

Tring

Thame

Penge

Luton

Hayes

Grays

Fleet

Ewell

Esher

Erith

Epsom

Egham

Alton

Acton

Woking

Witham

Sutton

Slough

Putney

Purley

Poplar

Pinner

Morden Merton

Marlow

Maldon

Leyton

Kenton

Ilford

Horley

Hendon

Harlow

Fulham

Epping

Eltham

Ealing

Didcot

Bushey

Bordon

Bexley

Barnet

Windsor

Wembley

Watford

Tilbury

Swanley Sunbury

Stepney

Staines

Ruislip

Romford

Reigate Redhill

Reading

Rainham

Radlett

Mitcham

Lambeth

Horsham

Hornsey

Hitchin

Hackney

Frimley

Feltham

Farnham

Enfield

Edgware

Dorking

Croydon

Crawley

Clapham

Chesham

Chatham

Catford

Bromley

Barking

Baldock

Yiewsley Woolwich

Woodford

Wickford

Wendover

Wanstead

Uxbridge

Uckfield

Thatcham Surbiton

Stanmore

Richmond

Rayleigh

Northolt

Midhurst

Loughton

LewishamHounslow

Hertford

Hatfield

Halstead

Finsbury

Finchley

Edmonton

East Ham

Deptford

Dagenham

Crayford

Coulsdon

Chiswick

Chigwell

Cheshunt

Chertsey

Caterham

Bicester

Basildon

Banstead

Amersham

Wokingham

Willesden

Weybridge

Upminster

Tottenham

Tonbridge

Tenterden

Streatham

Stratford

Stevenage

Southgate

Sheerness

Sevenoaks

Rochester

Orpington

Northwood

Maidstone

Islington

Hoddesdon

Haslemere

Harpenden

Hampstead

Guildford

Greenwich

Greenford

Gravesend

Godalming

Dunstable

Chingford

Camberley

Brentwood

Brentford

Braintree

Bracknell

Aylesbury

Aldershot

Warlingham

Teddington

Swanscombe

PaddingtonMaidenhead

Letchworth

Kensington

Hornchurch

Heathfield

Heathfield

Gillingham

Chelmsford

Buckingham

Billericay

Addlestone

Wallingford

Potters Bar

Petersfield

Leatherhead

Farnborough

Crowborough

Chorleywood Borehamwood

Berkhamsted

Basingstoke

West Drayton

High Wycombe

Great Dunmow

Burgess Hill

Beaconsfield

Waltham Abbey

Sittingbourne

Rickmansworth

Friern Barnet

Canvey Island

Billingshurst

Sawbridgeworth

Houghton Regis

Haywards Heath

Gerrards Cross

East Grinstead

Chipping Ongar

Southend-on-Sea

Hemel Hempstead

Leighton Buzzard

Henley-on-Thames

Welwyn Garden City

Princes Risborough

Bishop's Stortford

Stansted Mountfitchet

Royal Tunbridge Wells

Rye

Bow

Ware

Eton

Tring

Thame

Penge

Luton

Hayes

Grays

Fleet

Ewell

Esher

Erith

Epsom

Egham

Alton

Acton

Woking

Witham

Sutton

Slough

Putney

Purley

Poplar

Pinner

Morden Merton

Marlow

Maldon

Leyton

Kenton

Ilford

Horley

Hendon

Harlow

Fulham

Epping

Eltham

Ealing

Didcot

Bushey

Bordon

Bexley

Barnet

Windsor

Wembley

Watford

Tilbury

Swanley Sunbury

Stepney

Staines

Ruislip

Romford

Reigate Redhill

Reading

Rainham

Radlett

Mitcham

Lambeth

Horsham

Hornsey

Hitchin

Hackney

Frimley

Feltham

Farnham

Enfield

Edgware

Dorking

Croydon

Crawley

Clapham

Chesham

Chatham

Catford

Bromley

Barking

Baldock

Yiewsley Woolwich

Woodford

Wickford

Wendover

Wanstead

Uxbridge

Uckfield

Thatcham Surbiton

Stanmore

Richmond

Rayleigh

Northolt

Midhurst

Loughton

LewishamHounslow

Hertford

Hatfield

Halstead

Finsbury

Finchley

Edmonton

East Ham

Deptford

Dagenham

Crayford

Coulsdon

Chiswick

Chigwell

Cheshunt

Chertsey

Caterham

Bicester

Basildon

Banstead

Amersham

Wokingham

Willesden

Weybridge

Upminster

Tottenham

Tonbridge

Tenterden

Streatham

Stratford

Stevenage

Southgate

Sheerness

Sevenoaks

Rochester

Orpington

Northwood

Maidstone

Islington

Hoddesdon

Haslemere

Harpenden

Hampstead

Guildford

Greenwich

Greenford

Gravesend

Godalming

Dunstable

Chingford

Camberley

Brentwood

Brentford

Braintree

Bracknell

Aylesbury

Aldershot

Warlingham

Teddington

Swanscombe

PaddingtonMaidenhead

Letchworth

Kensington

Hornchurch

Heathfield

Heathfield

Gillingham

Chelmsford

Buckingham

Billericay

Addlestone

Wallingford

Potters Bar

Petersfield

Leatherhead

Farnborough

Crowborough

Chorleywood Borehamwood

Berkhamsted

Basingstoke

West Drayton

High Wycombe

Great Dunmow

Burgess Hill

Beaconsfield

Waltham Abbey

Sittingbourne

Rickmansworth

Friern Barnet

Canvey Island

Billingshurst

Sawbridgeworth

Houghton Regis

Haywards Heath

Gerrards Cross

East Grinstead

Chipping Ongar

Southend-on-Sea

Hemel Hempstead

Leighton Buzzard

Henley-on-Thames

Welwyn Garden City

Princes Risborough

Bishop's Stortford

Stansted Mountfitchet

Royal Tunbridge Wells

Rye

Bow

Ware

Eton

Tring

Thame

Penge

Luton

Hayes

Grays

Fleet

Ewell

Esher

Erith

Epsom

Egham

Alton

Acton

Woking

Witham

Sutton

Slough

Putney

Purley

Poplar

Pinner

Morden Merton

Marlow

Maldon

Leyton

Kenton

Ilford

Horley

Hendon

Harlow

Fulham

Epping

Eltham

Ealing

Didcot

Bushey

Bordon

Bexley

Barnet

Windsor

Wembley

Watford

Tilbury

Swanley Sunbury

Stepney

Staines

Ruislip

Romford

Reigate Redhill

Reading

Rainham

Radlett

Mitcham

Lambeth

Horsham

Hornsey

Hitchin

Hackney

Frimley

Feltham

Farnham

Enfield

Edgware

Dorking

Croydon

Crawley

Clapham

Chesham

Chatham

Catford

Bromley

Barking

Baldock

Yiewsley Woolwich

Woodford

Wickford

Wendover

Wanstead

Uxbridge

Uckfield

Thatcham Surbiton

Stanmore

Richmond

Rayleigh

Northolt

Midhurst

Loughton

LewishamHounslow

Hertford

Hatfield

Halstead

Finsbury

Finchley

Edmonton

East Ham

Deptford

Dagenham

Crayford

Coulsdon

Chiswick

Chigwell

Cheshunt

Chertsey

Caterham

Bicester

Basildon

Banstead

Amersham

Wokingham

Willesden

Weybridge

Upminster

Tottenham

Tonbridge

Tenterden

Streatham

Stratford

Stevenage

Southgate

Sheerness

Sevenoaks

Rochester

Orpington

Northwood

Maidstone

Islington

Hoddesdon

Haslemere

Harpenden

Hampstead

Guildford

Greenwich

Greenford

Gravesend

Godalming

Dunstable

Chingford

Camberley

Brentwood

Brentford

Braintree

Bracknell

Aylesbury

Aldershot

Warlingham

Teddington

Swanscombe

PaddingtonMaidenhead

Letchworth

Kensington

Hornchurch

Heathfield

Heathfield

Gillingham

Chelmsford

Buckingham

Billericay

Addlestone

Wallingford

Potters Bar

Petersfield

Leatherhead

Farnborough

Crowborough

Chorleywood Borehamwood

Berkhamsted

Basingstoke

West Drayton

High Wycombe

Great Dunmow

Burgess Hill

Beaconsfield

Waltham Abbey

Sittingbourne

Rickmansworth

Friern Barnet

Canvey Island

Billingshurst

Sawbridgeworth

Houghton Regis

Haywards Heath

Gerrards Cross

East Grinstead

Chipping Ongar

Southend-on-Sea

Hemel Hempstead

Leighton Buzzard

Henley-on-Thames

Welwyn Garden City

Princes Risborough

Bishop's Stortford

Stansted Mountfitchet

Royal Tunbridge Wells

Rye

Bow

Ware

Eton

Tring

Thame

Penge

Luton

Hayes

Grays

Fleet

Ewell

Esher

Erith

Epsom

Egham

Alton

Acton

Woking

Witham

Sutton

Slough

Putney

Purley

Poplar

Pinner

Morden Merton

Marlow

Maldon

Leyton

Kenton

Ilford

Horley

Hendon

Harlow

Fulham

Epping

Eltham

Ealing

Didcot

Bushey

Bordon

Bexley

Barnet

Windsor

Wembley

Watford

Tilbury

Swanley Sunbury

Stepney

Staines

Ruislip

Romford

Reigate Redhill

Reading

Rainham

Radlett

Mitcham

Lambeth

Horsham

Hornsey

Hitchin

Hackney

Frimley

Feltham

Farnham

Enfield

Edgware

Dorking

Croydon

Crawley

Clapham

Chesham

Chatham

Catford

Bromley

Barking

Baldock

Yiewsley Woolwich

Woodford

Wickford

Wendover

Wanstead

Uxbridge

Uckfield

Thatcham Surbiton

Stanmore

Richmond

Rayleigh

Northolt

Midhurst

Loughton

LewishamHounslow

Hertford

Hatfield

Halstead

Finsbury

Finchley

Edmonton

East Ham

Deptford

Dagenham

Crayford

Coulsdon

Chiswick

Chigwell

Cheshunt

Chertsey

Caterham

Bicester

Basildon

Banstead

Amersham

Wokingham

Willesden

Weybridge

Upminster

Tottenham

Tonbridge

Tenterden

Streatham

Stratford

Stevenage

Southgate

Sheerness

Sevenoaks

Rochester

Orpington

Northwood

Maidstone

Islington

Hoddesdon

Haslemere

Harpenden

Hampstead

Guildford

Greenwich

Greenford

Gravesend

Godalming

Dunstable

Chingford

Camberley

Brentwood

Brentford

Braintree

Bracknell

Aylesbury

Aldershot

Warlingham

Teddington

Swanscombe

PaddingtonMaidenhead

Letchworth

Kensington

Hornchurch

Heathfield

Heathfield

Gillingham

Chelmsford

Buckingham

Billericay

Addlestone

Wallingford

Potters Bar

Petersfield

Leatherhead

Farnborough

Crowborough

Chorleywood Borehamwood

Berkhamsted

Basingstoke

West Drayton

High Wycombe

Great Dunmow

Burgess Hill

Beaconsfield

Waltham Abbey

Sittingbourne

Rickmansworth

Friern Barnet

Canvey Island

Billingshurst

Sawbridgeworth

Houghton Regis

Haywards Heath

Gerrards Cross

East Grinstead

Chipping Ongar

Southend-on-Sea

Hemel Hempstead

Leighton Buzzard

Henley-on-Thames

Welwyn Garden City

Princes Risborough

Bishop's Stortford

Stansted Mountfitchet

Royal Tunbridge Wells

1970 1980

1990 2000

Breadline Poor %

< 10.1

10.1 - 20.0

20.1 - 30.0

30.1 - 40.0

40.1 - 50.0

50.1 - 70.0

We chose

to become

less equal

JRF

studies of

poverty and

wealth

1968- 2005

We reap

what we

sow….

5

Rye

Bow

Ware

Eton

Tring

Thame

Penge

Luton

Hayes

Grays

Fleet

Ewell

Esher

Erith

Epsom

Egham

Alton

Acton

Woking

Witham

Sutton

Slough

Putney

Purley

Poplar

Pinner

Morden Merton

Marlow

Maldon

Leyton

Kenton

Ilford

Horley

Hendon

Harlow

Fulham

Epping

Eltham

Ealing

Didcot

Bushey

Bordon

Bexley

Barnet

Windsor

Wembley

Watford

Tilbury

Swanley Sunbury

Stepney

Staines

Ruislip

Romford

Reigate Redhill

Reading

Rainham

Radlett

Mitcham

Lambeth

Horsham

Hornsey

Hitchin

Hackney

Frimley

Feltham

Farnham

Enfield

Edgware

Dorking

Croydon

Crawley

Clapham

Chesham

Chatham

Catford

Bromley

Barking

Baldock

Yiewsley Woolwich

Woodford

Wickford

Wendover

Wanstead

Uxbridge

Uckfield

Thatcham Surbiton

Stanmore

Richmond

Rayleigh

Northolt

Midhurst

Loughton

LewishamHounslow

Hertford

Hatfield

Halstead

Finsbury

Finchley

Edmonton

East Ham

Deptford

Dagenham

Crayford

Coulsdon

Chiswick

Chigwell

Cheshunt

Chertsey

Caterham

Bicester

Basildon

Banstead

Amersham

Wokingham

Willesden

Weybridge

Upminster

Tottenham

Tonbridge

Tenterden

Streatham

Stratford

Stevenage

Southgate

Sheerness

Sevenoaks

Rochester

Orpington

Northwood

Maidstone

Islington

Hoddesdon

Haslemere

Harpenden

Hampstead

Guildford

Greenwich

Greenford

Gravesend

Godalming

Dunstable

Chingford

Camberley

Brentwood

Brentford

Braintree

Bracknell

Aylesbury

Aldershot

Warlingham

Teddington

Swanscombe

PaddingtonMaidenhead

Letchworth

Kensington

Hornchurch

Heathfield

Heathfield

Gillingham

Chelmsford

Buckingham

Billericay

Addlestone

Wallingford

Potters Bar

Petersfield

Leatherhead

Farnborough

Crowborough

Chorleywood Borehamwood

Berkhamsted

Basingstoke

West Drayton

High Wycombe

Great Dunmow

Burgess Hill

Beaconsfield

Waltham Abbey

Sittingbourne

Rickmansworth

Friern Barnet

Canvey Island

Billingshurst

Sawbridgeworth

Houghton Regis

Haywards Heath

Gerrards Cross

East Grinstead

Chipping Ongar

Southend-on-Sea

Hemel Hempstead

Leighton Buzzard

Henley-on-Thames

Welwyn Garden City

Princes Risborough

Bishop's Stortford

Stansted Mountfitchet

Royal Tunbridge Wells

Rye

Bow

Ware

Eton

Tring

Thame

Penge

Luton

Hayes

Grays

Fleet

Ewell

Esher

Erith

Epsom

Egham

Alton

Acton

Woking

Witham

Sutton

Slough

Putney

Purley

Poplar

Pinner

Morden Merton

Marlow

Maldon

Leyton

Kenton

Ilford

Horley

Hendon

Harlow

Fulham

Epping

Eltham

Ealing

Didcot

Bushey

Bordon

Bexley

Barnet

Windsor

Wembley

Watford

Tilbury

Swanley Sunbury

Stepney

Staines

Ruislip

Romford

Reigate Redhill

Reading

Rainham

Radlett

Mitcham

Lambeth

Horsham

Hornsey

Hitchin

Hackney

Frimley

Feltham

Farnham

Enfield

Edgware

Dorking

Croydon

Crawley

Clapham

Chesham

Chatham

Catford

Bromley

Barking

Baldock

Yiewsley Woolwich

Woodford

Wickford

Wendover

Wanstead

Uxbridge

Uckfield

Thatcham Surbiton

Stanmore

Richmond

Rayleigh

Northolt

Midhurst

Loughton

LewishamHounslow

Hertford

Hatfield

Halstead

Finsbury

Finchley Edmonton

East Ham

Deptford

Dagenham

Crayford

Coulsdon

Chiswick

Chigwell

Cheshunt

Chertsey

Caterham

Bicester

Basildon

Banstead

Amersham

Wokingham

Willesden

Weybridge

Upminster

Tottenham

Tonbridge

Tenterden

Streatham

Stratford

Stevenage

Southgate

Sheerness

Sevenoaks

Rochester

Orpington

Northwood

Maidstone

Islington

Hoddesdon

Haslemere

Harpenden

Hampstead

Guildford

Greenwich

Greenford

Gravesend

Godalming

Dunstable

Chingford

Camberley

Brentwood

Brentford

Braintree

Bracknell

Aylesbury

Aldershot

Warlingham

Teddington

Swanscombe

PaddingtonMaidenhead

Letchworth

Kensington

Hornchurch

Heathfield

Heathfield

Gillingham

Chelmsford

Buckingham

Billericay

Addlestone

Wallingford

Potters Bar

Petersfield

Leatherhead

Farnborough

Crowborough

Chorleywood Borehamwood

Berkhamsted

Basingstoke

West Drayton

High Wycombe

Great Dunmow

Burgess Hill

Beaconsfield

Waltham Abbey

Sittingbourne

Rickmansworth

Friern Barnet

Canvey Island

Billingshurst

Sawbridgeworth

Houghton Regis

Haywards Heath

Gerrards Cross

East Grinstead

Chipping Ongar

Southend-on-Sea

Hemel Hempstead

Leighton Buzzard

Henley-on-Thames

Welwyn Garden City

Princes Risborough

Bishop's Stortford

Stansted Mountfitchet

Royal Tunbridge Wells

Rye

Bow

Ware

Eton

Tring

Thame

Penge

Luton

Hayes

Grays

Fleet

Ewell

Esher

Erith

Epsom

Egham

Alton

Acton

Woking

Witham

Sutton

Slough

Putney

Purley

Poplar

Pinner

Morden Merton

Marlow

Maldon

Leyton

Kenton

Ilford

Horley

Hendon

Harlow

Fulham

Epping

Eltham

Ealing

Didcot

Bushey

Bordon

Bexley

Barnet

Windsor

Wembley

Watford

Tilbury

Swanley Sunbury

Stepney

Staines

Ruislip

Romford

Reigate Redhill

Reading

Rainham

Radlett

Mitcham

Lambeth

Horsham

Hornsey

Hitchin

Hackney

Frimley

Feltham

Farnham

Enfield

Edgware

Dorking

Croydon

Crawley

Clapham

Chesham

Chatham

Catford

Bromley

Barking

Baldock

Yiewsley Woolwich

Woodford

Wickford

Wendover

Wanstead

Uxbridge

Uckfield

Thatcham Surbiton

Stanmore

Richmond

Rayleigh

Northolt

Midhurst

Loughton

LewishamHounslow

Hertford

Hatfield

Halstead

Finsbury

Finchley

Edmonton

East Ham

Deptford

Dagenham

Crayford

Coulsdon

Chiswick

Chigwell

Cheshunt

Chertsey

Caterham

Bicester

Basildon

Banstead

Amersham

Wokingham

Willesden

Weybridge

Upminster

Tottenham

Tonbridge

Tenterden

Streatham

Stratford

Stevenage

Southgate

Sheerness

Sevenoaks

Rochester

Orpington

Northwood

Maidstone

Islington

Hoddesdon

Haslemere

Harpenden

Hampstead

Guildford

Greenwich

Greenford

Gravesend

Godalming

Dunstable

Chingford

Camberley

Brentwood

Brentford

Braintree

Bracknell

Aylesbury

Aldershot

Warlingham

Teddington

Swanscombe

PaddingtonMaidenhead

Letchworth

Kensington

Hornchurch

Heathfield

Heathfield

Gillingham

Chelmsford

Buckingham

Billericay

Addlestone

Wallingford

Potters Bar

Petersfield

Leatherhead

Farnborough

Crowborough

Chorleywood Borehamwood

Berkhamsted

Basingstoke

West Drayton

High Wycombe

Great Dunmow

Burgess Hill

Beaconsfield

Waltham Abbey

Sittingbourne

Rickmansworth

Friern Barnet

Canvey Island

Billingshurst

Sawbridgeworth

Houghton Regis

Haywards Heath

Gerrards Cross

East Grinstead

Chipping Ongar

Southend-on-Sea

Hemel Hempstead

Leighton Buzzard

Henley-on-Thames

Welwyn Garden City

Princes Risborough

Bishop's Stortford

Stansted Mountfitchet

Royal Tunbridge Wells

1980 1990

Asset Wealthy %

0 - 10

11 - 20

21 - 30

31 - 40

41 - 50

>50

2000

Rye

Bow

Ware

Eton

Tring

Thame

Penge

Luton

Hayes

Grays

Fleet

Ewell

Esher

Erith

Epsom

Egham

Alton

Acton

Woking

Witham

Sutton

Slough

Putney

Purley

Poplar

Pinner

Morden Merton

Marlow

Maldon

Leyton

Kenton

Ilford

Horley

Hendon

Harlow

Fulham

Epping

Eltham

Ealing

Didcot

Bushey

Bordon

Bexley

Barnet

Windsor

Wembley

Watford

Tilbury

Swanley Sunbury

Stepney

Staines

Ruislip

Romford

Reigate Redhill

Reading

Rainham

Radlett

Mitcham

Lambeth

Horsham

Hornsey

Hitchin

Hackney

Frimley

Feltham

Farnham

Enfield

Edgware

Dorking

Croydon

Crawley

Clapham

Chesham

Chatham

Catford

Bromley

Barking

Baldock

Yiewsley Woolwich

Woodford

Wickford

Wendover

Wanstead

Uxbridge

Uckfield

Thatcham Surbiton

Stanmore

Richmond

Rayleigh

Northolt

Midhurst

Loughton

LewishamHounslow

Hertford

Hatfield

Halstead

Finsbury

Finchley

Edmonton

East Ham

Deptford

Dagenham

Crayford

Coulsdon

Chiswick

Chigwell

Cheshunt

Chertsey

Caterham

Bicester

Basildon

Banstead

Amersham

Wokingham

Willesden

Weybridge

Upminster

Tottenham

Tonbridge

Tenterden

Streatham

Stratford

Stevenage

Southgate

Sheerness

Sevenoaks

Rochester

Orpington

Northwood

Maidstone

Islington

Hoddesdon

Haslemere

Harpenden

Hampstead

Guildford

Greenwich

Greenford

Gravesend

Godalming

Dunstable

Chingford

Camberley

Brentwood

Brentford

Braintree

Bracknell

Aylesbury

Aldershot

Warlingham

Teddington

Swanscombe

PaddingtonMaidenhead

Letchworth

Kensington

Hornchurch

Heathfield

Heathfield

Gillingham

Chelmsford

Buckingham

Billericay

Addlestone

Wallingford

Potters Bar

Petersfield

Leatherhead

Farnborough

Crowborough

Chorleywood Borehamwood

Berkhamsted

Basingstoke

West Drayton

High Wycombe

Great Dunmow

Burgess Hill

Beaconsfield

Waltham Abbey

Sittingbourne

Rickmansworth

Friern Barnet

Canvey Island

Billingshurst

Sawbridgeworth

Houghton Regis

Haywards Heath

Gerrards Cross

East Grinstead

Chipping Ongar

Southend-on-Sea

Hemel Hempstead

Leighton Buzzard

Henley-on-Thames

Welwyn Garden City

Princes Risborough

Bishop's Stortford

Stansted Mountfitchet

Royal Tunbridge Wells

1996

We chose

to

abandon

millions to

enrich the

minority

who have

most land

JRF

studies

of

poverty

and

wealth

1968-

2005

6

poor 2001 % 13 - 16 17 - 18 19 - 21 22 - 24 25 - 27 28 - 31 32 - 34 35 - 37 38 - 40 41 - 47

poor change % -6 - -4 -3 - -1 0 1 - 2 3 4 5 6 7 - 8 9 - 13

The maps looks

very different

when you give

everyone equal

space

Notice how in

the 1990s

almost

everywhere

the proportion

of households

that were poor

rose, but most

where highest

to begin with –

so fear rises.

7

For sources see: The Geography of Poverty, Inequality and Wealth in the UK

and abroad: because enough is never enough, Applied Spatial Analysis and

Policy, 3, 2-3, pp 81-106. http://www.sasi.group.shef.ac.uk/publications/

2010/DorlingPritchard_2010_TheGeographyOfPoverty.pdf

and also for the source of data for the next figure:

Subjective well-being of young people, an OECD overview, Innocenti Report

We ended up at or

near the bottom of

many league tables

as a result – all

before the crash

8

22nd out of

the 25+1

EU

countries

before the

crash for

child

poverty as

measured

by the

European

standard

We are

cutting back

on

‗transfers‘, s

tarting with

the £165

maternity

grant.

9

Greater London

parliamentary

constituencies

“Core Poor” cartogram of Greater

London parliamentary constituencies

“Exclusive Wealthy”

cartogram of Greater

London parliamentary

constituencies

We live in different

spaces, especially

the very rich who

are most dislocated

from society

10

London‘s place in the world economy

where cities orbit global capital.

As viewed from Houston

http://sasi.group.shef.ac.uk/maps/wcn_atlas3.htm

We are trapped in

thinking that

London can only

survive as New

York‘s twin star…

11

In June 2010 we learn the

councils to be cut

the (%) most are:

Doncaster

Redcar & Cleveland

Liverpool

Knowsley

Middlesbrough

St Helens

Blackpool

South Tyneside

North East

Lincolnshire

Blackburn with

Darwen

(and Sheffield –

singled out for cruel

and unusual cuts)

In April 2010 we

learn that – Gordon wanted to ―help people‖:

Duffy: – but all these

eastern Europeans coming

in, where are they flocking

from?

Brown: A million people

come in from Europe, but a

million British people have

gone into Europe, you do

know there’s a lot of British

people staying in Europe as

well. So education, health

and helping people, that’s

what I’m about.”

The Times, 28/4/2010.

And: The ten councils to be

cut the least are:

City of London

Ealing

Redbridge

Dudley (the only error?) Barnet

Harrow

Brent

Havering

Wandsworth

Bexley

We will undertake

the most vindicate

of disproportionate

cuts to protect the

status quo

12

October 20th 2010 – we were told how savings would be made:

• One of the first announcements was that new tenants of council and other social housing will now have to pay at least 80 percent of market prices in rent. In one stroke millions of low paid families are to be excluded from living in hundreds of towns, cities and villages where they no longer earn enough to ―deserve‖ to be.

• There are many threats being made to have to take any job or be made to ―volunteer‖ for no pay.

Then came the spending review We think there is no alternative

13

And then came more and more questions and doubt

• Housing benefit will not be paid for people under the age of 35 who live alone—this previously applied only to those under 25.

• There would be a 10 percent cut in council tax benefit for those who cannot afford to live in certain areas.

• The immediate question asked was: Are the few remaining people living on modest incomes near affluent suburbs or in economically successful towns and villages to be cleansed away?

We think we are not up to

doing anything better than this

14

Even the mayor of London spoke up against his party

• The best-off fifth of society will lose just 1 percent of their entitlements to public services and spending, the lowest losses of any group.

• A million people currently on employment and support allowance due to ill health will each lose £2,000 a year if they cannot find a job.

• With the state pension age rising rapidly to 66 years, only those with private provision can now retire at the normal age. Public sector pensioners will have £1.8 billion removed from them by 2014-15. Pension credits will be frozen for three years.

The ‗we‘ who think this are a small minority

15

It could be the greatest threat to health inequalities

• No family on benefits is to receive more than the income of an average family in work, no matter what the circumstances of their children. If you are poor—or are made poor when you lose your job or have a pay cut forced on you— and have three or more children, you may need to leave your town for a new life in a cheaper area, away from where the remaining well paid work is.

• People with worse health will have to move to poorer areas.

• This is a recipe to increase inequalities between areas as fast as possible. I think it makes everyone worse off, so is in the saddest sense ‗fair‘, but only in its likely stupidity of outcome.

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

Difference between best

and worst-off districts by

life expectancy (years):

People

We think the price has to be paid

16

Conclusion – keep asking

why are 16 or 20 countries better?

Everyone is worse off because there is less social solidarity, more fear:

• The latest UN report lists those European countries currently having a higher life expectancy than the UK as: Iceland (almost 82 years), Switzerland, Italy, France (81 years), Sweden, Spain, Norway, Austria (to almost 80 years), the Netherlands, Germany, Ireland, Malta, Cyprus, Finland, Belgium and Luxembourg. People also live for longer than in Britain in Australia, Canada and New Zealand (and especially Japan), but not in the United States (where comparable life expectancy is only 79.1 years)

Of the richest 25 nations in the world

the UK is the 4th most unequal by income

inequality (90:10 ratio UNDP figures).

We think we are held hostage

to the bond markets

17

Conclusion – keep asking

why are we slipping down league tables of decency?

• Life expectancy is up in the UK, but increased economic inequality here would be expected to move our rank position below one of these four countries next, to slip from 20th

place to 21st or 22nd out of 25.

• If that happens then there will be falls in life expectancy in some areas.

• … we have just moved below Greece, and the cuts there are far more equitable than here… (salaries cut rather than jobs and mostly benefits going…)

• People do live slightly shorter lives now in Greece (but not by 2010 EU data),

• Portugal (more economically unequal than the UK),

• Denmark (where smoking is still very common) and in

• Slovenia (78.2 years).

All these figures are from Table H of the most recent UNDP human development report (2009) and purport to be for around the year 2007.

We think all this damage is just ‗collateral

damage‘ that comes with success

18

Our murder rate is again at Victorian levels,

as is the life expectancy gap between areas.

Material conditions might be much better but

often our mental health, fear and anxiety is worse.

We know we are not all in it together. We could be.

And we put

the young

in debt

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