ZER, FIRST AND SECOND CONDITIONAL, Apuntes de Idioma Inglés. Universitat de València (UV)
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ZER, FIRST AND SECOND CONDITIONAL, Apuntes de Idioma Inglés. Universitat de València (UV)

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Asignatura: Lengua Inglesa I, Profesor: Beatriu Beatriu, Carrera: Lenguas Modernas y sus Literaturas, Universidad: UV
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ZERO, FIRST AND SECOND CONDITIONAL Zero Conditional

We use the zero conditional To talk about a general “condition” or to describe something that usually happens.

IF + SUBJECT + V1 / SUBJECT + V1

SUBJECT + V1 / IF + SUBJECT + V1

Zero Conditional Examples:

If I go to the beach, I take a towel.

I put on my headphones if I use my phone on the bus.

*When it is sunny in Miami, I go to the beach. If it rains, I stay home.

*When shows more frequency than if.

Zero Conditional Exercises and Practice

A good way to escape boredom is to find a hobby. Using the zero conditional, tell what each person does when they are bored. The first example is done for you.

First Conditional

We use the first conditional to talk about a real possibility.

IF + SUBJECT + V1 / SUBJECT + WILL + V1

SUBJECT + WILL + V1 / IF + SUBJECT + V1

(Never use IF + WILL + verb!!!)

First Conditional Examples:

If you visit Miami, I will take you to dinner.

I will buy a red shirt if I don’t find a blue one.

If I see her tonight, I will tell her about the party.

*When I get home, I will look for the book.

*When shows more certainty than if.

Second Conditional

We use the second conditional to talk about an unreal possibility.

IF + SUBJECT + *V2 / SUBJECT + WOULD + V1

SUBJECT + WOULD + V1 / IF + SUBJECT + *V2

(Never use IF + WOULD + verb!!!)

*We use the Past Tense form, but we are not speaking about the past.

Second Conditional Examples:

If aliens landed on earth tomorrow, I would be very surprised. (Aliens won’t land tomorrow.)

I would walk your dog if I had time. (I don’t have time so I will not walk your dog.)

If I **were the president, I would lower taxes. (He or she is not the president.)

I would go on vacation if I had money. (He or she doesn’t have enough money.)

**the verb to be: were is used with all subjects, although was is common in spoken English.

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