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ZERO, FIRST AND SECOND CONDITIONAL Zero Conditional
We use the zero conditional To talk about a general “condition” or to describe something that usually happens.
IF + SUBJECT + V1 / SUBJECT + V1
SUBJECT + V1 / IF + SUBJECT + V1
Zero Conditional Examples:
If I go to the beach, I take a towel.
I put on my headphones if I use my phone on the bus.
*When it is sunny in Miami, I go to the beach. If it rains, I stay home.
*When shows more frequency than if.
Zero Conditional Exercises and Practice
A good way to escape boredom is to find a hobby. Using the zero conditional, tell what each person does when they are bored. The first example is done for you.
We use the first conditional to talk about a real possibility.
IF + SUBJECT + V1 / SUBJECT + WILL + V1
SUBJECT + WILL + V1 / IF + SUBJECT + V1
(Never use IF + WILL + verb!!!)
First Conditional Examples:
If you visit Miami, I will take you to dinner.
I will buy a red shirt if I don’t find a blue one.
If I see her tonight, I will tell her about the party.
*When I get home, I will look for the book.
*When shows more certainty than if.
We use the second conditional to talk about an unreal possibility.
IF + SUBJECT + *V2 / SUBJECT + WOULD + V1
SUBJECT + WOULD + V1 / IF + SUBJECT + *V2
(Never use IF + WOULD + verb!!!)
*We use the Past Tense form, but we are not speaking about the past.
Second Conditional Examples:
If aliens landed on earth tomorrow, I would be very surprised. (Aliens won’t land tomorrow.)
I would walk your dog if I had time. (I don’t have time so I will not walk your dog.)
If I **were the president, I would lower taxes. (He or she is not the president.)
I would go on vacation if I had money. (He or she doesn’t have enough money.)
**the verb to be: were is used with all subjects, although was is common in spoken English.