KIPLING, Appunti di Cultura Inglese I. Politecnico di Torino
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KIPLING, Appunti di Cultura Inglese I. Politecnico di Torino

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Rudyard KIPLING (1865-1963)

Life & main works: • Born in Bombay, India. >>BRITISH COLONIAL EXPERIENCE

Sent to England to attend school >> DIVIDED LOVE FOR INDIA AND ENGLAND

• Journalist • Poems short stories and novels about Indian life:

• Plain Tales from the Hills (1890) [short stories]>> THE STORY OF MUHAMMAD DIN (1886); LISPETH BEYOND THE PALE (1887)

• KIM (1901) [novel] >

• 1907 > first Englishman to receive the Nobel prize for literature • during the First World War he worked as a correspondent >> POEMS ABOUT

FIRST WORLD WAR • He was one of the most important British colonial writers. • THEMES:

HE EXALTED IMPERIAL POWER AND BELIEVED IN THE “BURDEN” OF THE BRITISH, WHO, AS THE ELECTED RACE, HAD TO CARRY CIVILIZATION ALL OVER THE WORLD AND ESTABLISH THEIR GOVERNMENT BASED ON HONOUR AND DIGNITY (he had always been proud to be English). BUT HE ALSO HAD ALWAYS SYMPATHY FOR INDIAN PEOPLE. PESSIMISTIC VISUAL: incompatibility of the two world (British and Indian)

SHORT STORIES:

• Narrative form popular • Against the omniscient narrator >> more ambivalent vision of the world;

NARRATOR=a fictional character in different situations • STYLE: Kipling has a particular ability to use the words to convey feelings and

emotions and portrait BOTH EXPONENTS OF THE BRITISH RULING CLASS AND THE NATIVES.

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