Business english - intermediate, Poradnik'z Introduction to Business Management. Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie (SGH)
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Business english - intermediate, Poradnik'z Introduction to Business Management. Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie (SGH)

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The Business 2.0 Intermediate Wordlist Polish

Word Phonetics Translation Definition Example sentence Unit 1 accountant (noun) ** /əˈkaʊntənt/ księgowy someone whose job is to prepare financial records for a company or person She has two accountants working under her.

administration (noun)* /ədˌmɪnɪˈstreɪʃ(ə)n/ administracja the activities involved in managing a business, organization, or institution Jane and her team take care of all the administration for the department.

be in charge of (expression) /bi ɪn tʃɑː(r)dʒ ɒv/ przewodzić, kontrolować if you are in charge of something, you have control over it and are responsible for it

David is in charge of our Marketing department.

CEO (noun) /siː iː ˈəʊ/ dyrektor generalny Chief Executive Officer: the most senior manager in a company who has more authority than anyone else and is responsible for its success

Warndar Technologies was founded by Merilyn Warner, our CEO.

colleague (noun) *** /ˈkɒliːɡ/ kolega/koleżanka z pracy someone who works in the same organization or department as you I have eight colleagues who work with me in my team. consultancy (noun) /kənˈsʌltənsi/ firma konsultingowa a company with expert knowledge about a particular subject that provides

professional help and advice to other companies Indian call centres only provide high-level consultancy services.

department (noun) *** /dɪˈpɑː(r)tmənt/ departament, dział one of the sections in a government, organization, or business that deals with one type of work

The Public Relations officer will often work in the Marketing Department.

deputy (noun) *** /ˈdepjʊti/ zastępca someone whose job is the second most important in a department or organization, and who takes the responsibilities of the most important person in some situations

The CEO asked Simon to act as deputy in his absence.

fire (verb) *** /ˈfaɪə(r)/ wyrzucać (kogoś z pracy) to make someone leave their job, sometimes as a punishment They fired him after only three months! hire (verb) ** /ˈhaɪə(r)/ zatrudniać, najmować to pay someone to work for you He was hired immediately, but only to work in an internet café. HR department (noun) /eɪtʃ ɑː(r) dɪˈpɑː(r)tmənt/ dział zarządzania zasobami ludzkimi the section in a company that is responsible for employing and training people,

and for looking after workers who have problems Please ask for all CVs to be sent straight to the HR department.

liaise with (verb) /liˈeɪz wɪð/ działać w porozumieniu z if one person liaises with another, they talk to each other and tell each other what they are doing, so that they can work together effectively

Could you liaise with his manager, then come back to me?

look after (verb) /lʊk ˈɑːftə(r)/ odpowiadać za, opiekować się to be responsible for something I look after the banking clients; Fran looks after the insurance clients. organigram (noun) /ɔː(r)ˈɡænɪɡræm/ schemat organizacyjny a drawing or plan that gives the names and job titles of all the staff in an

organization or department, showing how they are connected to each other Draw an organigram of the company structure.

parent company (noun) /ˈpeərənt ˈkʌmp(ə)ni/ firma matka a company or organization that owns or controls a smaller company or organization of the same type

Merilyn deals with strategy; she’s often away at our parent company in Houston.

personnel (noun) /ˌpɜː(r)səˈnel/ personel, dział kadr the department in an organization that is responsible for looking after and keeping records of all the people working there, and for choosing new workers

Our Office Manager takes care of personnel.

predecessor (noun) ** /ˈpriːdɪˌsesə(r)/ poprzednik the person who had a job or official position before someone else What happened to her predecessor? recruit (verb) ** /rɪˈkruːt/ rekrutować to get someone to work in a company or join an organization I work for a hairdressing franchise– my job is to recruit and manage new

franchisees. report to (verb) /rɪˈpɔː(r)t tuː/ raportować do, podlegać if you report to someone at work, they are in charge of you and responsible for

telling you what to do You're going to report directly to me.

resign (verb) *** /rɪˈzaɪn/ odchodzić (z pracy), rezygnować (z pracy) to state formally that you are leaving a job permanently She’s new –she joined six months ago when our old IT Manager resigned.

role (noun) *** /rəʊl/ rola the purpose or influence of someone or something in a particular situation My role is to manage Marketing & Sales. salesman (noun) /ˈseɪlzmən/ przedstawiciel handlowy, handlowiec a man whose job is to sell the products or services of a particular company,

especially by travelling to different places He's a second-hand car salesman. He's worked there a year.

software engineer (noun) /ˈsɒf(t)ˌweər ˌendʒɪˈnɪə(r)/ programista someone who designs and repairs computer programs He has a team of three working on the new website: two software engineers and a technical writer.

structure (noun) *** /ˈstrʌktʃə(r)/ struktura the way in which the parts of something are organized or arranged into a whole Bertram Newman explained the company structure to the new recruits.

subsidiary (noun) ** /səbˈsɪdiəri/ filia, jednostka zależna a company that is owned by a larger company Warndar is a subsidiary of the Irysis group. supervisor (noun) * /ˈsuːpə(r)ˌvaɪzə(r)/ opiekun, zwierzchnik someone who is in charge of an activity, a place, or a group of people such as

workers or students After all the problems, I went and asked my supervisor what I’d done wrong.

take care of (verb) /teɪk keər ɒv/ zajmować się, dopilnować to do what is necessary to deal with a person or situation You’ll make yourself ill if you don’t take care of your life-work balance. technical support (noun) /ˈteknɪk(ə)l səˈpɔː(r)t/ wsparcie techniczne a service provided by a computer company to help customers who are having

problems using their products Our technical support team deal with all website issues.

temporary (adjective) *** /ˈtemp(ə)rəri/ tymczasowy existing, done, or used for only a limited period of time I'm working there on a temporary contract; it's just for three months.

Unit 2 annoying (adjective) ** /əˈnɔɪɪŋ/ irytujący, denerwujący making you feel slightly angry or impatient There is a very long delay, which is incredibly annoying. brainless (adjective) /ˈbreɪnləs/ beznadziejnie głupi extremely stupid All I want is to speak to a human being, not a stupid, condescending,

brainless piece of … silicon! condescending (adjective) /ˌkɒndɪˈsendɪŋ/ protekcjonalny showing that you think you are more important or more intelligent than other

people He was so condescending in the interview; I felt really uncomfortable.

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The Business 2.0 Intermediate Wordlist Polish

connect (verb) *** /kəˈnekt/ łączyć to join two things together I need to connect a piece of electrical equipment to the ground so that it is safe.

crash (verb) ** /kræʃ/ zepsuć się, odmówić posłuszeństwa if a computer or computer program crashes, it suddenly stops working The screen keeps going black; the computer keeps crashing. diagnose (verb) * /ˈdaɪəɡnəʊz/ rozpoznawać, diagnozować to find out why something such as a piece of equipment or software is not

working I'm going to call IT support to see if they can diagnose the problem.

disconnect (verb) /ˌdɪskəˈnekt/ odłączać to stop a machine or piece of equipment from being connected to a supply of electricity, water, or gas

Do not disconnect the power cable, so that the PC remains earthed.

escalate (verb) /ˈeskəleɪt/ zgłosić problem osobie na wyższym stanowisku lub bardziej doświadczonej

to transfer a problem or request to someone more senior or more highly trained If there isn't a solution today, I'm going to escalate this problem to his supervisor.

fasten (verb) * /ˈfɑːs(ə)n/ przymocowywać to fix one thing to another using something such as string or nails so that it is held firmly in position

Fasten the clips at each end and it should work.

grateful (adjective) *** /ˈɡreɪtf(ə)l/ wdzięczny feeling that you want to thank someone because they have given you something or have done something for you

I would be very grateful if you could give me the address of an authorized repair centre in the Greater Manchester area.

helpful (adjective) ** /ˈhelpf(ə)l/ pomocny a helpful person helps you by doing something or by giving you useful advice or information

I thought you were a helpline, but you’re not being very helpful.

hang up (verb) /hæŋ ʌp/ rozłączyć się to stop using a telephone at the end of a conversation It's a terrible line. Could you hang up, and try again? hold on (verb) /həʊld ɒn/ pozostać na linii to wait in order to speak to someone on the telephone Could you hold on a moment, please? module (noun) *** /ˈmɒdjuːl/ moduł a part of a machine such as a computer Next, release the retaining clips at each end of the old memory module.

out of order (adjective) /aʊt ɒv ˈɔː(r)də(r)/ uszkodzony, niesprawny a machine or piece of equipment that is out of order is not working correctly I’m afraid my fax is out of order.

put through (verb) /pʊt θruː/ połączyć (telefonicznie) if you put a person or call through, you connect someone to the person they want to speak to on the telephone

I'm going to put you through to my supervisor.

refund (verb) /rɪˈfʌnd/ zwracać to give someone their money again, especially because they have paid too much for something or have decided they do not want it

If the customer is unhappy, refund them their money.

refund (noun) /ˈriːfʌnd/ zwrot money that was yours that you get again, especially because you have paid too much for something or have decided you do not want it

It's not working. I'm going to ask for a refund; I want my money back!

remove (verb) *** /rɪˈmuːv/ usuwać to take something or someone away from a place Unscrew and remove the side-panel. sort out (verb) /sɔː(r)t aʊt/ rozwiązać; uporządkować to do what is necessary to deal with a problem, disagreement, or difficult

situation successfully When I get back there are a few things I need to sort out.

speak up (verb) /spiːk ʌp/ mówić głośniej to talk louder I’m sorry, it’s not a very good line. Could you speak up a little? stuck (adjective) /stʌk/ uwięziony, unieruchomiony unable to move, or fixed in a particular position, place or way of thinking There's something stuck inside the box. switch off (verb) /swɪtʃ ɒf/ wyłączać if you switch off something such as a light or a machine, or if it switches off, it

stops working If it isn't working, switch off the PC.

switch on (verb) /swɪtʃ ɒn/ włączać if you switch on something such as a light or a machine, or if it switches on, you make it start working

When I switch it on, nothing happens.

symptom (noun) ** /ˈsɪmptəm/ symptom, objaw a sign of a larger problem If we're going to solve the problem, we need to diagnose the symptoms.

take down (verb) /teɪk daʊn/ zapisać, zanotować to write down information or a statement I'll just take down your name and address unscrew (verb) /ʌnˈskruː/ odkręcać to remove the screws from something Unscrew and remove the side-panel. upgrade (verb) * /ʌpˈɡreɪd/ uaktualniać (np. oprogramowanie) to make a computer or other machine more powerful or effective Alternatively, the simplest solution is to upgrade to the professional

version of the software. upset (adjective) ** /ʌpˈset/ zaniepokojony, zdenerwowany very sad, worried, or angry about something Mr Bullard, the mayor, is very upset about the negative stories in the

newspaper. write off (verb) /raɪt ɒf/ kasować samochód to damage a vehicle so badly that it is not worth repairing It was a really bad crash. He's completely written off the car. write-off (noun) /raɪt ɒf/ wrak a vehicle or machine that is so badly damaged that it cannot be repaired He wrote-off his car last weekend; it's a total wreck!

Unit 3 attention–grabbing (adjective) /əˈtenʃ(ə)n ɡræbɪŋ/ przykuwający uwagę an attention-grabbing remark or activity is one that is intended to make people

notice it Wow! Look at that attention-grabbing sign!

chart (noun) ** /tʃɑː(r)t/ wykres, diagram, tabela a list, drawing, or graph showing information in a way that is easy to understand The chart on the next slide shows our profits for last year.

child-resistant (adjective) /tʃaɪld rɪˈzɪst(ə)nt/ z zabezpieczeniem przed dostępem dla dzieci

something that is child-resistant is designed to that children cannot use it, open it, or hurt themselves on it

All prescription drugs are sold in child-resistant packaging.

device (noun) *** /dɪˈvaɪs/ urządzenie a machine or piece of equipment that does a particular thing You can use this device for cleaning your house more easily. dimension (noun) ** /daɪˈmenʃ(ə)n/ wymiar length, height, or width Its dimensions are 267cm in width and 43cm in height. energy-saving (adjective) /ˈenə(r)dʒi ˈseɪvɪŋ/ energooszczędny relating to products, systems, etc. that use as little electricity, gas, etc. as

possible Energy-saving light bulbs can save you a lot of money!

eye-catching (adjective) /aɪ kætʃɪŋ/ przyciągający wzrok, wpadający w oko attractive or unusual and therefore noticed You can design eye-catching presentations with the right software. fire-retardant (adjective) /ˈfaɪə(r) rɪˌtɑː(r)d(ə)nt/ niepalny, utrudniający zapłon fire-retardant cloth has chemicals in it that make it difficult to burn They used a fire-retardant cloth to put out the fire.

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The Business 2.0 Intermediate Wordlist Polish

labour-saving (adjective) /ˈleɪbə(r) ˈseɪvɪŋ/ usprawniający pracę labour-saving equipment such as washing machines and vacuum cleaners do jobs in a quick and effective way so that you do not have to spend a lot of time doing them yourself

With all the labour-saving devices in his kitchen, he was able to make a delicious meal in under two hours!

launch (verb) *** /lɔːntʃ/ wprowadzać (na rynek) to start selling a new product or service to the public The new product launches in 2015. length (noun) *** /leŋθ/ długość a measurement of how long something is in size The FedEx Tube is 96.5 cm in length. fool-proof (adjective) /fuːl pruːf/ niezawodny, łatwy w obsłudze a fool-proof method, plan, or system is so well designed that it cannot go wrong

or is certain to succeed The instructions were supposed to be fool-proof but he still couldn't understand them.

future-proof (adjective) /ˈfjuːtʃə pruːf/ obliczony na przyszłość something that is future-proof will not stop being used because it has been replaced by something newer and more effective

They say no machine is completely future-proof, even the computer.

height (noun) *** /haɪt/ wysokość the degree to which something is high or someone is tall The FedEx Tube is 15.2 cm in height. mockup (noun) /ˈmɒkʌp/ makieta, model, atrapa a model of something that is the same size as the real thing, used especially

for research I’ve brought with me a mockup of our latest GPS device.

overlay (noun) /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈleɪ/ nakładka a set of extra features that are added to a picture, for example by using a computer

Thanks to the radar overlay, you see exactly what the fish are seeing.

printout (noun) /ˈprɪntˌaʊt/ wydruk paper printed with information from a computer file The box can be used to ship small parts or computer printouts. shockproof (adjective) /ˈʃɒkˌpruːf/ odporny na wstrząsy designed not to break easily The shockproof casing significantly reduces the risk of damage. sketch (noun) * /sketʃ/ szkic a drawing made quickly that does not have many details He sent a sketch of how it might look. tamper-resistant (adjective) /ˈtæmpə(r) rɪˈzɪst(ə)nt/ wypukłe (wieko - które umożliwia

stwierdzenie, czy ktoś już wcześniej nie otwierał opakowania)

if a container has a tamper-resistant lid or top, it is obvious if someone has opened the container in the shop

Most medicine bottles have a tamper-resistant cap.

unprofitable (adjective) /ʌnˈprɒfɪtəb(ə)l/ nieopłacalny, nierentowny an unprofitable business does not make enough money If the idea is unprofitable, it won't get the funding. waterproof (adjective) * /ˈwɔːtə(r)ˌpruːf/ nieprzemakalny waterproof clothes keep you dry because they do not let rain pass through them It rained all afternoon; she was pleased she had remembered her

waterproof jacket. water-resistant (adjective) /ˈwɔːtə(r) rɪˈzɪst(ə)nt/ wodoodporny not easily damaged or removed by water This will need to be water-resistant if they are going to use it on a boat.

width (noun) ** /wɪdθ/ szerokość the distance from one side of something to the other The FedEx Tube is 15.2cm in width.

Unit 4 accommodation (noun) ** /əˌkɒməˈdeɪʃ(ə)n/ zakwaterowanie a place for someone to stay, live, or work in. The usual American word is

accommodations Food and accommodation are provided, but participants pay their own travel costs.

apply for (verb) /əˈplaɪ /fə(r)/ ubiegać się o to make an official request for a job or a place in a college or university, or for permission to do or have something

Who can apply for a gap-year placement, and when?

appoint (verb) *** /əˈpɔɪnt/ wyznaczać to choose someone to do a particular job or have a particular position Two years later he was appointed Logistics Manager. bonus (noun) ** /ˈbəʊnəs/ premia extra money that you are paid in addition to your usual salary Due to a successful year, everyone received a Christmas bonus. commitment (noun) *** /kəˈmɪtmənt/ zobowiązanie a promise to do something The project will require a high level of commitment from our staff. dismiss (verb) ** /dɪsˈmɪs/ zwalniać (z pracy) to force someone to leave their job We’ve already invested too much time and money to just dismiss him.

facility (noun) /fəˈsɪləti/ udogodnienie, atrakcja something such as a room or piece of equipment that is provided at a place for people to use

The gym had amazing facilities: a spa, a dance studio and even a boxing ring!

headhunter (noun) /ˈhedˌhʌntə(r)/ łowca głów, rekruter a person or company who searches for good staff and tries to persuade them to leave their jobs and go to work for another company

She’s obviously had other offers, perhaps from a headhunter, and she’s thinking about resigning.

high-flier (noun) /haɪ ˈflaɪə(r)/ człowiek sukcesu, młody wilk someone who has achieved a lot and is determined to continue being successful

You’ve flagged her as a high-flier.

initiative (noun) *** /ɪˈnɪʃətɪv/ inicjatywa the opportunity to take action before other people do She’s an excellent team-player, and she really enjoys taking initiative. luncheon voucher (noun) /ˈlʌntʃ(ə)n ˈvaʊtʃə(r)/ talon na obiad (wydawany pracownikom

przez firmę) a piece of paper given by an employer that can be used for buying lunch in some restaurants and shops

The company offers luncheon vouchers as part of their benefits package.

medical insurance (noun) /ˈmedɪk(ə)l ɪnˈʃʊərəns/ ubezpieczenie medyczne a type of insurance that pays for your medical treatment when you are ill My medical insurance expires next week; I must remember to renew it.

multitasking (noun) /ˌmʌltiˈtɑːskɪŋ/ wielozadaniowość the activity of doing more than one thing at the same time, such as talking on the phone while you are working on a computer

I’m good at multitasking, and coping with pressure is no problem.

pension (noun) *** /ˈpenʃ(ə)n/ emerytura money that someone regularly receives after they have stopped working because of their age, paid either by their company or by the government

My company has an excellent pension plan.

raise (noun) /reɪz/ podwyżka a rise in the amount that you are paid for work We gave him a big raise six months ago when he was promoted. redundant (adjective) ** /rɪˈdʌndənt/ zwolniony z pracy if someone is redundant, they have been told they must leave their job

because they are no longer needed One fifth of IMM’s staff have been made redundant.

to have a good relationship with (expression)

/tuː hæv eɪ ɡʊd rɪˈleɪʃ(ə)nʃɪp wɪð/

mieć dobre relacje z to behave in a friendly way with someone I don't have a good relationship with my boss; I always feel awkward around her.

résumé (noun) /rɪˈzjuːmeɪ/ życiorys a document giving details of your qualifications and the jobs you have had in the past that you send to someone when you are applying for a job

Aisha’s résumé was impressive.

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retire (verb) ** /rɪˈtaɪə(r)/ przechodzić na emeryturę to stop working, especially when you reach the age when you are officially too old to work

He retired from business and now lives in the south of France.

sabbatical (noun) /səˈbætɪk(ə)l/ urlop naukowy a period away from work when people such as college or university teachers can study, rest, or travel

In his early fifties he took a sabbatical to write a book.

shortlist (verb) /ˈʃɔː(r)tˌlɪst/ umieścić na liście kandydatów branych pod uwagę

to add someone to a list of the people or things that you think could be suitable for a job, prize, team, etc., chosen from a larger number of people or things

Aisha was shortlisted.

stock option (noun) /stɒk ˈɒpʃ(ə)n/ prawo do zakupu akcji wlasnej firmy po niższej cenie

an arrangement by which a worker can buy shares in the company they work for at a good price and will make money if they keep them for an agreed number of years

Stock options can be very profitable for employees.

underperform (verb) /ˌʌndə(r)pə(r)ˈfɔː(r)m/ osiągać wyniki gorsze od spodziewanych/oczekiwanych

to be less successful than people expect He’s consistently underperformed.

unemployed (adjective) *** /ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪd/ bezrobotny without a job While he was unemployed Josef studied for a master’s degree. vacancy (noun) * /ˈveɪkənsi/ wakat a job that is available for someone to do I know there’s a vacancy over there for someone with her profile. wannabe (noun) /ˈwɒnəbi/ osoba o wysokich aspiracjach someone who wants to be famous or successful Now then, we come to our old friend Shane Garney, Mr Wannabe himself.

Unit 5 amount (noun) *** /əˈmaʊnt/ ilość a quantity of something Firstly, external growth with a reasonable amount of debt will make us

less vulnerable. annual (adjective) *** /ˈænjuəl/ roczny calculated or considered over a period of one year Shareholders are finding annual results disappointing. availability (noun) ** /əˌveɪləˈbɪləti/ dostępność the state of being able to be obtained or used The hotel has availability for our conference in June. bank statement (noun) /bæŋk steɪtmənt/ wyciąg z rachunku bankowego a document that shows all the money that went into or out of your bank

account during a particular period of time When I checked my bank statement, I noticed that you have debited my product card twice!

bring down (verb) /brɪŋ daʊn/ obniżać to reduce the rate, level, or amount of something We’ll place an order if you bring down the price. browse (verb) * /braʊz/ przeglądać, przeszukiwać (Internet) to look at a website on the Internet The customer browses the site and identifies the product which interests

him. compromise (noun) ** /ˈkɒmprəmaɪz/ kompromis a way of solving a problem or ending an argument in which both people or

groups accept that they cannot have everything they want I’m sure we’ll find a compromise if we continue talking.

credit (verb) * /ˈkredɪt/ zapisać, dodać (na rachunku bankowym) to add an amount of money to an account Your account has been credited with the money owed.

debit (verb) /ˈdebɪt/ obciążać (rachunek bankowy) if a bank debits your account, it takes money out of it for a particular purpose The customer’s credit card account is debited when the payment is processed.

deposit (noun) ** /dɪˈpɒzɪt/ zadatek a first payment that you make when you agree to buy something expensive such as a car or house. The rest of the money that you pay later is called the balance

We can only deliver by 1 July if we receive a 30% deposit within ten days.

discount (noun) ** /ˈdɪsˌkaʊnt/ rabat a reduction in the price of something We might consider a larger discount if you improve your delivery times.

express carrier (noun) /ɪkˈspres ˈkæriə(r)/ kurier a company that delivers letters and packets quickly The product is shipped to the customer’s address by mail or express carrier.

fee (noun) *** /fiː/ opłata money that you pay to a professional person or institution for their work The monthly fee for PZpay Pro is just $12. firm up (verb) /fɜː(r)m ʌp/ uściślić, ustalić to become more definite, or to make something more definite I'm not sure right now; let me call you next week and we can firm up those

plans. fixed cost (noun) /fɪkst kɒst/ koszt stały a cost such as rent that a company has to pay that does not depend on how

much it produces We expect fixed costs to stabilize.

go over (verb) /ɡəʊ əʊvə(r)/ sprawdzać to check something carefully Shall we go over the marketing strategy next? grant (verb) *** /ɡrɑːnt/ przyznawać to allow someone to have or do what they want He was granted a leave of absence from work for personal reasons. mail (noun) ** /meɪl/ poczta the system for sending and delivering letters, parcels etc. to houses, offices

etc. The usual British word is post. The mail arrived late today.

point out (verb) /pɔɪnt aʊt/ wskazać, wytykać to tell someone something He was careful to point out the maximum number of holidays to be taken each month.

proposal (noun) *** /prəˈpəʊz(ə)l/ oferta, propozycja a plan or suggestion, especially a formal one that a group has to consider Please find below a proposal for our Pzpay merchant account. quote (noun) * /kwəʊt/ wycena the price that someone says they will charge you for doing a particular piece of

work Can you give us a quote for the renovation plans?

quote (verb) *** /kwəʊt/ wyceniać to tell someone what price you would charge them to do a particular piece of work

How much did they quote for the office refurbishment?

refund (noun) /ˈriːfʌnd/ zwrot (pieniędzy) money that was yours that you get again, especially because you have paid too much for something or have decided you do not want it

The train was cancelled and we didn't even get a refund on our tickets!

reject (verb) *** /rɪˈdʒekt/ odrzucać to not agree to an offer, proposal, or request He rejected the proposal immediately as it was not cost-effective. seek (verb) *** /siːk/ poszukiwać, dążyć do to ask for something, or to try to get something The negotiator is seeking a compromise.

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The Business 2.0 Intermediate Wordlist Polish

subject to (expression) /səbdʒekt tuː/ uzależniony od, podlegający (czemuś) depending on whether something happens Availability is subject to negotiation. transaction (noun) ** /trænˈzækʃ(ə)n/ transakcja the action or process of buying or selling something Now that's agreed, I'll put the transaction through the system.

Unit 6 absence (noun) *** /ˈæbs(ə)ns/ nieobecność a period of time when someone is not where they should be or where they

usually are I have received two apologies for absence.

agenda (noun) ** /əˈdʒendə/ plan (spotkania) a list of things that people will discuss at a meeting The next point on the agenda is company policy on gifts. approve (verb) *** /əˈpruːv/ zatwierdzać, aprobować to give official agreement or permissions to do something Only expenses which have been approved by a manager will be

reimbursed. compensate (verb) ** /ˈkɒmpənseɪt/ wypłacać odszkodowanie,

rekompensować to pay someone money because they have suffered an injury or loss Management will negotiate a settlement which will satisfy all parties and

compensate the victims properly. confusing (adjective) * /kənˈfjuːzɪŋ/ mylący if something is confusing, it is not easy to understand because it is complicated

or not well organized or explained I found the small print in this contract very confusing.

damage limitation (noun)  /ˈdæmɪdʒ ˌlɪmɪˈteɪʃ(ə)n/ ograniczanie szkód the process of trying to limit the negative effects of something Unless we focus on damage limitation, we are going to lose a lot of money.

decency (noun) /ˈdiːs(ə)nsi/ przyzwoitość behaviour that is good, moral, or reasonable Companies have a moral duty to uphold the standards of common decency.

deceptive (adjective) /dɪˈseptɪv/ zwodniczy something that is deceptive seems very different from the way it really is Advertisements are frequently deceptive and often confusing. dishonest (adjective) * /dɪsˈɒnɪst/ nieuczciwy willing to do things that are not honest, for example tell lies or steal things Advertisers are neither more dishonest nor any less altruistic than the rest

of us. extravagant (adjective) /ɪkˈstrævəɡənt/ przesadny, nieprawdopodobny extreme, unusual, or unreasonable Advertisements sometimes make extravagant promises. give out (verb) /ɡɪv aʊt/ rozdawać to give something to several people I'll just give out this handout. law (noun) *** /lɔː/ prawo a system of rules within a country, region, or community dealing with people's

behaviour and activities The company should obey the law or face a lawsuit or fine.

minutes (plural noun) ***  /ˈmɪnɪts/ protokół, sprawdozdanie ze spotkania an official written record of what is discussed or decided at a formal meeting Let's start by approving the minutes of the last meeting.

misleading (adjective) * /mɪsˈliːdɪŋ/ wprowadzający w błąd, mylący intended or likely to make someone believe something that is correct or not true The report was one-sided and very misleading.

moral duty (noun) /ˈmɒrəl ˈdjuːti/ moralny obowiązek something that you should do because it is right Companies have a moral duty to look after their employees. reliable (adjective) ** /rɪˈlaɪəb(ə)l/ godny zaufania, niezawodny used about someone whose information can be trusted to be accurate That courier service isn't very reliable; they are always late. settlement (noun) ** /ˈset(ə)lmənt/ ugoda, porozumienie a formal agreement that ends a disagreement They managed to agree on a settlement after hours of negotiations. standard (noun) *** /ˈstændə(r)d/ standard, norma a level of quality or achievement, especially one that people generally consider

normal or acceptable The standard of service in this restaurant has really improved.

stick to (verb) /stɪk tuː/ trzymać się (czegoś) to talk or write about one particular thing only We have lots to discuss, so let's stick to the agenda. transparency (noun) /trænsˈpærənsi/ transparentność an honest way of doing things that allows other people to know exactly what

you are doing It is essential to acknowledge the problem; nothing less than total transparency will do.

trustworthy (adjective) /ˈtrʌs(t)ˌwɜː(r)ði/ godny zaufania, wiarygodny able to be trusted as being honest, safe or reliable Business people and companies are not always as reliable or as unanimous (adjective) /juːˈnænɪməs/ jednogłośny, jednomyślny a unanimous decision, vote, agreement etc. is one that everyone agrees with We seemed to have reached a unanimous decision. uphold (verb) * /ʌpˈhəʊld/ popierać, utrzymywać to show that you support something such as an idea by what you say or do The company should uphold standards of common decency.

Unit 7 bankrupt (adjective) * /ˈbæŋkrʌpt/ niewypłacalny, zrujnowany, upadły a person or business that is bankrupt has officially admitted that they have no

money and cannot pay what they owe The company declared itself bankrupt last year.

be in the black (expression) /biː ɪn ðiː blæk/ nie mieć zadłużenia; być wypłacalnym to have money in your bank account, or with more money than you owe Air New Zealand are in the black. bid (verb) ** /bɪd/ oferować cenę to offer a particular amount of money for something, for example at an auction

(=an event where things are sold to the person who offers the most money) They decided to bid $500 for the painting.

bid (noun) ** /bɪd/ oferowana cena an offer to buy shares in a company and take control of it Oxter Holdings today confirmed that they have increased their bid for Fraxis Corp. to $98 per share.

billing (noun) /ˈbɪlɪŋ/ fakturowanie the process of sending bills for payment Last year our billings rose by 90%. corporate raid (noun) /ˈkɔː(r)p(ə)rət reɪd/ przejęcie pakietu kontrolnego an attempt to take control of a company by buying a large number of its shares A wave of corporate raids resulted in a sudden surge in redundancies.

cover (verb) *** /ˈkʌvə(r)/ pokrywać to have enough money to pay for something Oldies records cover costs themselves. double (verb) ** /ˈdʌb(ə)l/ podwajać to become twice as big, twice as much, or twice as many Our turnover almost doubled last year. filter through (verb) /fɪltə(r) θruː/ przeciekać if information filters through, it reaches people slowly, in an unofficial way South American shareholders were optimistic as news filtered through of float (verb) ** /fləʊt/ rozpoczynać sprzedaż akcji to start to sell a company's shares on the stock market Fraxis Corp. was floated in 1993 at just $15 per share. flotation (noun) /fləʊˈteɪʃ(ə)n/ wypuszczanie akcji the sale of shares in a company for the first time The company is planning a $50 million stock market flotation. fluctuate (verb) /ˈflʌktʃueɪt/ wahać się to change frequently Production costs fluctuate over the year.

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The Business 2.0 Intermediate Wordlist Polish

FTSE 100 (abbreviation) /fʊtsiː wʌn ˈhʌndrəd/ indeks akcji spółek giełdowych notowanych na Giełdzie Papierów Wartościowych w Londynie

the Financial Times Stock Exchange Index: an average of the prices of shares from the 100 most important companies on the London stock exchange

The FTSE 100 fell again as a result of increasing economic uncertainty.

go under (verb) /ɡəʊ ʌndə(r)/ upadać if something such as a business goes under, it fails completely and stops Titanic Enterprises went under at the end of last year. hostile takeover (noun) /ˈhɒstaɪl ˈteɪkˌəʊvə(r)/ wrogie przejęcie a situation in which one company takes control of another company by buying

the majority of its shares, in a way which is opposed by the company that is b i b ht

Share prices often go up sharply because of rumours of a hostile take over.

level off (verb) /lev(ə)l ɒf/ wyrównywać to stop becoming more or less, and remain the same Our overheads should level off now we've made these changes. peak (verb) /piːk/ osiągać szczyt przed spadkiem to reach the highest amount or level, before becoming lower Our debt peaks at the end of summer. reach a high (verb) /riːtʃ ə haɪ/ osiągać najwyższy poziom if something reaches a high, it rises to its highest level or amount Liabilities reach a high when business is slow in August. shoot up (verb) /ʃuːt ʌp/ rosnąć, strzelać w górę to increase quickly by a large amount Due to lower labour costs, profits will shoot up dramatically. sink (verb) ** /sɪŋk/ spadać to go down in value or amount As the company's stock sank to rock-bottom, chairman Leonard Caprio

described it as 'only the tip of the iceberg'. slide (verb) ** /slaɪd/ zniżkować to become smaller in amount In 2001 our stock slid to a record low. slump (verb) /slʌmp/ gwałtowny spadek to be suddenly reduced to a much lower level Our shares slumped during the crash. stabilize (verb) /ˈsteɪbəlaɪz/ stabilizować się to reach a state where there are no longer any major changes or problems After months of fluctuation, the company's profits have stabilized. stock market (noun) * /stɒk mɑː(r)kɪt/ giełda papierów wartościowych a place where people buy and sell shares in companies He invested everything in the stock market. strategic alliance (noun) /strəˈtiːdʒɪk əˈlaɪəns/ sojusz strategiczny an arrangement between two companies to work together, carefully planned in

order to achieve a particular goal As a result of its strategic alliances, the company enjoyed moderate growth.

Unit 8 check up (on) (verb) /tʃek ʌp (ɒn)/ sprawdzać to find out information about someone, especially secretly Check up on your new customer's creditworthiness before you sign a

contract compensation (noun) ** /ˌkɒmpənˈseɪʃ(ə)n/ odszkodowanie money that someone receives because something bad has happened to them He was awarded $1000 compensation after the accident.

comply with (verb) /kəmˈplaɪ wɪð/ stosować się do to obey a rule or law, or to do what someone asks you to do Complying with the American Food and Drug Administration is essential if they want to sell the product in the States.

cover (noun) *** /ˈkʌvə(r)/ ochrona ubezpieczeniowa an agreement by an insurance company to pay money in a particular situation or for a particular event, person, or thing. The American word is coverage

Insurance provides cover in case of an accident.

default (on) (noun) /ˈdɪˌfɔːlt (ɒn)/ nieuregulowanie płatności, nieuiszczenie należności

a situation in which a person or company fails to pay money that they owe Credit insurance reduces the risk of default on export payments.

file a claim (expression) /faɪl ə kleɪm/ wnosić skargę to make an official request for money that you believe you have a right to After the fire, the company filed a claim for compensation. forwarder (noun) /ˈfɔː(r)wə(r)də/ spedytor a company that arranges for goods to be transported, especially to another

country This will be a regular order, so it means a lot of business for the forwarder.

frequent-flyer scheme (noun) /ˈfriːkwənt ˈflaɪə(r) skiːm/ program lojalnościowy linii lotniczej dla często podróżujących pasażerów

a scheme offered by an airline, which gives discounts as a reward to people who often travel on their flights

You can save a lot of money if you join a frequent-flyer scheme.

get behind with (verb) /ɡet bɪˈhaɪnd wɪð/ zalegać z if you get behind with work or payments, you have not done as much work or made as many payments as you should have

She doesn't want Kawasaki to get behind with their payments.

goods (noun) *** /ɡʊdz/ towary objects produced for sale Due to a delayed shipment, the goods did not arrive on time. issue (verb) *** /ˈɪʃuː/ wystawiać (np. fakturę) to announce something, or to give something to people officially After the exporter and foreign customer finally reach a deal, the exporter

will ship the goods and issue an invoice. load (verb) ** /ləʊd/ załadować to put a load onto or into something such as a vehicle or container It took several hours to load the container. loyalty (noun) ** /ˈlɔɪəlti/ lojalność continued use of the products or services of a particular business Frequent-flyer schemes, free gifts and credit are all ways of developing

customer loyalty. miss (verb) *** /mɪs/ nie zdążyć, nie zauważyć, pominąć to fail to do something I listened carefully but I missed the point he was trying to make. portfolio (noun) * /pɔː(r)tˈfəʊliəʊ/ portfolio, portfel (np. klientów, akcji) used about other sets of things that belong to someone They are looking to expand their portfolio of customers. port of entry (noun) /pɔː(r)t əv ˈentri/ port przybycia, port przekroczenia granicy the place where someone or something officially enters a country Can you locate the port of entry for this shipment?

settle (verb) ***  /ˈset(ə)l/ uregulować, rozliczyć to pay all the money that you owe to a particular person or company We regret to inform you that we are suspending all shipments until this outstanding balance has been settled.

submit (verb) *** /səbˈmɪt/ przedkładać, przedstawiać to formally give something to someone so that they can make a decision about it

A Slovakian company has submitted an application for credit.

query (verb) /ˈkwɪəri/ zapytywać to ask a question about something because you have doubts about it Mr Takahashi queries the invoice. He asks for more time to pay. vet (verb) /vet/ weryfikować, sprawdzać to check someone's character or reputation to find out if they are suitable for a

particular job Riaz Hussain's responsibilities include vetting corporate and individual applications for credit.

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