Carta estratigrafica, Notas de estudo de Geologia
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heberton-de-castro-5

Carta estratigrafica, Notas de estudo de Geologia

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Famennian

Givetian

Eifelian

Lochkovian

Pragian

Frasnian

Emsian

Ludfordian

Gorstian

Homerian

Sheinwoodian

Telychian

Aeronian

Rhuddanian

P h

a n

e r

o z

o i

c

P a

l e

o z

o i

c

Pridoli

Ludlow

Wenlock

Llandovery

Upper

Middle

Lower

D ev

on ia

n

411.2 ±2.8

416.0 ±2.8

422.9 ±2.5

428.2 ±2.3

Lopingian

Guadalupian

Cisuralian

Upper

Upper

Middle

Middle

Lower

Lower

Upper

Upper

Middle

Middle

Lower

Lower

P h

a n

e r

o z

o i

c

P a

l e

o z

o i

c M

e s

o z

o i

c C

ar bo

ni fe

ro us

P er

m ia

n Ju

ra ss

ic T

ria ss

ic

150.8 ±4.0

155.7 ±4.0

161.2 ±4.0

164.7 ±4.0

167.7 ±3.5

171.6 ±3.0

175.6 ±2.0

183.0 ±1.5

189.6 ±1.5

196.5 ±1.0

199.6 ±0.6

203.6 ±1.5

216.5 ±2.0

228.0 ±2.0

237.0 ±2.0

245.0 ±1.5

249.7 ±0.7

251.0 ±0.4

318.1 ±1.3

260.4 ±0.7

253.8 ±0.7

265.8 ±0.7

268.0 ±0.7

270.6 ±0.7

275.6 ±0.7

284.4 ±0.7

294.6 ±0.8

299.0 ±0.8

303.9 ±0.9

306.5 ±1.0

311.7 ±1.1

Tithonian

Kimmeridgian

Oxfordian

Callovian

Bajocian

Bathonian

Aalenian

Toarcian

Pliensbachian

Sinemurian

Hettangian

Rhaetian

Norian

Carnian

Ladinian

Anisian

Olenekian

Induan

Changhsingian

Wuchiapingian

Capitanian

Wordian

Roadian

Kungurian

Artinskian

Sakmarian

Asselian

Gzhelian

Kasimovian

Moscovian

Bashkirian

Serpukhovian

Visean

Tournaisian

P en

n- sy

lv an

ia n

M is

si s-

si pp

ia n

359.2 ±2.5

345.3 ±2.1

326.4 ±1.6

374.5 ±2.6

385.3 ±2.6

391.8 ±2.7

397.5 ±2.7

407.0 ±2.8

443.7 ±1.5

436.0 ±1.9

439.0 ±1.8

418.7 ±2.7

Ediacaran

Cryogenian

Tonian

Stenian

Ectasian

Calymmian

Statherian

Orosirian

Rhyacian

Siderian

Neo- proterozoic

Neoarchean

Mesoarchean

Paleoarchean

Eoarchean

Meso- proterozoic

Paleo- proterozoic

A rc

he an

P ro

te ro

zo ic

P r

e c

a m

b r

i a

n

~630

850

1000

1200

1400

1600

1800

2050

2300

2500

2800

3200

3600

Upper

Middle

Lower

Selandian

Tortonian

Serravallian

Langhian

Burdigalian

Aquitanian

Ypresian

Chattian

Rupelian

Priabonian

Danian

Thanetian

Bartonian

Lutetian

Campanian

Santonian

Turonian

Coniacian

Albian

Aptian

Berriasian

Barremian

Valanginian

Hauterivian

Maastrichtian

Cenomanian

Piacenzian

Messinian

Zanclean

Gelasian

P h

a n

e r

o z

o i

c C e

n o

z o

i c

M e

s o

z o

i c

1.806

0.126

0.781

2.588

5.332

7.246

11.608

13.65

15.97

20.43

70.6 ±0.6

65.5 ±0.3

83.5 ±0.7

85.8 ±0.7

89.3 ±1.0

93.5 ±0.8

40.4 ±0.2

37.2 ±0.1

33.9 ±0.1

28.4 ±0.1

23.03

48.6 ±0.2

55.8 ±0.2

58.7 ±0.2

61.7 ±0.2

99.6 ±0.9

112.0 ±1.0

125.0 ±1.0

130.0 ±1.5

136.4 ±2.0

140.2 ±3.0

145.5 ±4.0

C re

ta ce

ou s

P al

eo ge

ne N

eo ge

ne

S ys

te m

P er

io d

E on

ot he

m E

on E

ra th

em E

ra

S ta

ge A

ge

A ge M a

G S

S P

E po

ch S

er ie

s

E on

ot he

m E

on E

ra th

em E

ra S

ys te

m

S ta

ge A

ge

A ge M a

G S

S P

E po

ch S

er ie

s

P er

io d

E on

ot he

m E

on

E ra

th em

E ra

A ge M a

G S

S P

G S

S A

S ys

te m

P er

io d

E on

ot he

m E

on E ra

S ta

ge A

ge

A ge M a

G S

S P

E po

ch S

er ie

s

P er

io d

3.600

Oligocene

Eocene

Paleocene

Pliocene

Miocene

Pleistocene

Upper

Lower

Holocene 0.0118

INTERNATIONAL STRATIGRAPHIC CHART International Commission on Stratigraphy

421.3 ±2.6

426.2 ±2.4

Tremadocian

Darriwilian

Hirnantian

Paibian

Upper

Middle

Lower

Series 3

Stage 3

Stage 2

Stage 1

Stage 5

Stage 6

Stage 7

Stage 9

Stage 10

Stage 2

Stage 3

Stage 5

Stage 6

Stage 4 Series 2

Lower Series

Furongian

C am

br ia

n O

rd ov

ic ia

n

501.0 ±2.0

460.9 ±1.6

471.8 ±1.6

488.3 ±1.7

542.0 ±1.0

455.8 ±1.6

445.6 ±1.5

468.1 ±1.6

478.6 ±1.7

Lower limit is not defined

S ilu

ria n

E ra

th em

S ys

te m

542359.2 ±2.5145.5 ±4.0

Q ua

te rn

ar y

* ICS

* proposed by ICS Copyright © 2005 International Commission on Stratigraphy

Subdivisions of the global geologic record are formally defined by their lower boundary. Each unit of the Phanerozoic (~542 Ma to Present) and the base of Ediacaran are defined by a basal Global Standard Section and Point (GSSP ), whereas Precambrian units are formally subdivided by absolute age (Global Standard Stratigraphic Age, GSSA). Details of each GSSP are posted on the ICS website (www.stratigraphy.org). International chronostratigraphic units, rank, names and formal status are approved by the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS) and ratified by the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS). Numerical ages of the unit boundaries in the Phanerozoic are subject to revision. Some stages within the Ordovician and Cambrian will be formally named upon international agreement on their GSSP limits. Most sub-Series boundaries (e.g., Middle and Upper Aptian) are not formally defined. Colors are according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS). The listed numerical ages are from 'A Geologic Time Scale 2004', by F.M. Gradstein, J.G. Ogg, A.G. Smith, et al. (2004; Cambridge University Press).

This chart was drafted by Gabi Ogg.

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