AutoCAD 2011 and AutoCAD LT 2011-Skripta-Modeliranje-Dizajn_21, Skripte' predlog Umetnost
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arthur9

AutoCAD 2011 and AutoCAD LT 2011-Skripta-Modeliranje-Dizajn_21, Skripte' predlog Umetnost

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AutoCAD 2011 and AutoCAD LT 2011,Skripta,Modeliranje,Dizajn,Starting AutoCAD, The Welcome Screen, Exploring the New Features Workshop, The Customer Involvement Program, Exploring the AutoCAD User Interface, Introducing the AutoCAD Application Window, Working in the Command Window,Displaying the Ribbon Tools, Using the Ribbon Tools, Customizing the Ribbon, Opening a Drawing with the Application Menu, Switching between Open Drawings, Using the Line Command,Using Relative Coordinates, Using the Direct Distance Method, Drawing the Shape, Using Relative Polar Coordinates, Using Direct Input, Using the Offset Command, Using the Fillet Command, Extending Lines, The Grid, Setting Up Drawing Limits, Drawing with Grid and Snap, A Closer Look at Dynamic Input, Laying Out the Walls Creating a Polyline, Editing a Polyline, Creating the Exterior Wall Lines, Creating the Interior Walls, Cutting Openings in the Walls, Creating Doors, Drawing Swinging Doors, Copying Objects,Laying Out the Kitchen, Drawing the Counter, Drawing the Stove and Refrigerator, Completing the Stove with Parametrics, Drawing the Kitchen Sink, Constructing the Bathroom, Drawing a Shower Unit, Drawing the Bathroom Sink and Mirror, Positioning the Toilet and Shelves, Drawing the Hot Tub, If You Would Like More Practice, Drawing the Cabin Again, Drawing Something Else, Drawing Some Furniture for the Cabin, Drawing a Gasket, Drawing a Parking Lot, Introducing Dimension Styles, Making a New Dimension Style, Placing Dimensions on the Drawing, Placing Horizontal Dimensions, Using Other Types of Dimensions, Using Radial Dimensions, Using Aligned and Angular Dimensions, Using Leader Lines, Modifying Dimensions, Modifying Dimension Text, Using Dimension Overrides, Navigating with the ViewCube, Building the Decks, Putting a Roof on the Cabin, Getting Further Directions in 3D
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L i n e w e i g h t d i a l o g b o x • n a m e s 9 7 3

Lineweight dialog box, 810 Lineweight Settings dialog box, 816 lineweights, 259, 806–811

applying to layers, 809–811 changing units, 810 of plot object, 795

LIST command (LI), for detecting block, 323–325

Load dialog box, for DesignCenter, 357 Load Or Reload Linetypes dialog box,

257, 258 loading files for linetypes, 257 Location Picker dialog box, 923, 924 locking viewports, 776–777 Loft Settings dialog box, 916 Loft tool, 905, 908, 912–915 Logical Colors, 253 LTSCALE (Linetype Scale),

290–291, 761 luminance of color, 255 LWUNITS command, 810

M M2P (Mid Between 2 Points) osnap, 330 macros, 298–301 Major Discipline Designator, in layer

name, 246 Manage tab on ribbon, Action

Recorder panel playing macro, 300 Record button, 298

mapping materials, adjusting, 937–943 maps, 471 markers, for Endpoint osnap,

136–137, 137 mask feature, for multiline text

objects, 391 Material Attachment Options dialog

box, 935 Material Condition dialog box, 613 materials

adding to layers, 935 adding to rendering, 932–943 mapping adjustment, 937–943

Materials Browser palette, 933, 933–934, 937

Materials Editor palette, 937, 938

Materials sheet, for floor plan, 764, 765

MBUTTONPAN variable, 176, 232 MEASUREGEOM command, 456 measurement units, 69, 95–96. See

also drawing units MENUBAR command, 31, 33 menus, 172. See also Application Menu

displaying, 183, 184 drop-down, 30–32, 31

mesh-modeling tools, 906, 906–907 Mesh tab, 906 metric A4 page size, 706

sizing and positioning title block for, 707, 707–708, 708

metric units precision level, 75 scaling viewport for, 748

Microsoft XML Paper Specification, 829

MicroStation CAD software, 670 Mid Between 2 Points (M2P) osnap,

330, 412 middle mouse button, 34–35 Midpoint osnap, 191 millimeters, conversion to meters,

461–462 Minimize button, for Ribbon, 20 Minor Discipline Designator, in layer

name, 246 MIRROR command

for block, 319 for deck, 197, 532, 532–533, 533

in 3D modeling, 886, 886–889 midpoint determination, 191 for opposite elevation, 534–535, 535

mistakes, correcting, 132 MKLTYPE command, 261 MLEADER (Multileader)

command, 634 model space, 701, 716

layer management from, 760 tasks in, 778 UCS Icon and, 716, 716

modeless palette, 248 Modify Dimension Style dialog box,

648–649, 649 Alternate Units tab, 608

Modify menu, 32 ➢ Object ➢ Attribute ➢ Global, 467 ➢ Text ➢ Edit, 400, 642

Modify Multileader Style dialog box, 635, 635, 636

Modify palette, 361 monochrome.ctb file, 800, 801,

803, 813 monochrome.stb table, 796 mouse, 34–35 MOVE command, for text, 384–385 moving

in 3D modeling, 847–850 dimensions, 642–644, 643 external references (xrefs), 678, 678

MrSID files, 687 MSLTSCALE (Model Space Linetype

Scale), 290–291, 761 Mtext. See multiline text Mtext Editor

column resizing with, 423 for inserting column break, 422

multileader styles, creating, 634–636 multiline text, 368, 375, 417–426

adjusting width, 638 inserting field, 424, 425 justification points, 431, 431 mask feature for, 391 special characters, 432 tools for modifying, 432–436 window for, 419

n named objects, 346

copying, 351 named plot-style tables, 796, 797 named selection set, 331 named views, 539

layers added after saving, 589 names

for actions, 299 for cameras, 918 for dimension styles, 596–598 for dynamic blocks, 480 for layers, 244–246, 245, 252

N a t i o n a l C A D S t a n d a r d • o r i g i n9 7 4

for layout tabs, 727 for lights, 927 for sheet set, 729 for text style, 370 for title block references, 705

National CAD Standard, on drawing sheet numbering, 726

navigating between layout tabs, 756 Navigation Bar, 6

Pan button, 231–232, 237 Zoom Extents button, 47, 47 zoom options, 115. See also ZOOM

command (Z) Nearest Osnap, for starting LINE

command, 328, 328 negative X scale factor, for blocks, 317 nested xrefs, 696 Network tool, 908 New Dimension Style dialog box, 598

Alternate Units tab, 605, 608, 609 Fit tab, 601–602, 602 Lines tab, 598 Primary Units tab (Architectural),

602–603, 603 Primary Units tab (Metric), 604, 605 Symbols and Arrows tab, 599, 599 Text tab, 599–601, 601 Tolerances tab, 605, 609–613, 611

New Features Workshop, 2, 3, 4 New Layer State to Save dialog box,

302, 302–303 New Page Setup dialog box, 717 New Sheet dialog box, 738, 738, 739 New Table Style dialog box,

486–487, 487 General tab, 488

New Text Style dialog box, 372, 379, 380

New View/Shot Properties dialog box, 539

No Path option, for external reference, 673

None osnap, 410 normal state of attributes, 470 north arrow, adding to site plan,

668–669 northing location, 632 Notepad, for custom linetypes,

260, 260

notification balloon, for completed plot, 815, 815

number of copies, plot setting, 785 numbering in text, 433

o Object Grouping dialog box, 331,

331–332 Object Snap button, 12, 12 Object Snap marker, plus sign (+)

at, 337 Object Snap toolbar, 176, 183, 184

Snap From button, 232 Snap To Midpoint button, 187, 201 Snap To Perpendicular button,

185, 185 Temporary Track Point button, 190

Object Snap Tracking tool, 12, 176 object snaps (osnaps), 136

activating, 281, 286 color of markers, 225 context menu, Perpendicular,

178, 178 Endpoint, 136–137

markers, 137 for locating points, 179 Perpendicular, 178, 178, 235 running, 136, 224–225

objects assigning to layers, 262–281

with Quick Properties panel, 267–268

color, 296–297 changes, 254

copying, 349–351 grips for copying, 512–513, 513 grouping. See blocks lengthening or shortening, 196–

198, 197, 198 named, 346 not used in drawing, purging, 481 options for those used in blocks, 320 organizing, 676–677 property overrides, clean-up, 297 selected, 276–277

deleting after block definition creation, 312

setting for printing, 812

oblique angle, for text, 432 Off tool, 569 OFFSET command (O), 110, 110, 113

changing distance, 113 drawing shapes with, 55–57, 57 for ellipse, 231 errors with, 132 vs. FILLET command, 62 for kitchen counter, 205–207 for kitchen sink, 220–221 to mark opening, 62–64, 63 for rooflines, 285 specifying distances for, 58 for window creation, 329

Offset tool, for 3D modeling, 909 Online Help, 2 OOPS command, 207 opacity maps, 939 Open Drawing menu, 350 open traverse, 662, 663 opening, new files, 28 openings in shape, offsetting lines to

mark, 62–64 openings in wall, 124–133, 125, 131

exterior opening, 125–126 operands, 842, 862 OPTIONS command, 14

for Number Of Recently-Used Files setting, 28

Options dialog box Display tab, 14, 15, 15–16, 557 Files tab, 15 Plot And Publish tab, 801 Selection tab, 52, 53

Grips area, 322–323, 323 User Preferences tab, 24, 833, 834

Keyboard Entry Except Scripts, 226

Options panel, Create Separate Hatches, 563, 563

ordinate dimensions, 631–632, 633 organizing objects, 676–677 orientation

of 3D view, 841 of drawing, 534, 794

origin in Cartesian coordinate system,

44, 44 of hatches, 566, 575–576

O r t h o m o d e • p o l a r c o o r d i n a t e s 9 7 5

Ortho mode, 395 for rotation process, 319

Ortho Mode button, 12, 12, 50 orthographic projection, 505, 553 Osnap menu, 327 osnaps. See object snaps (osnaps) Output Size dialog box, 943, 943 Output tab, Plot panel, Batch Plot, 824 overlay, vs. attachment, 674–676 overline text, 432 overrides for dimensions, 645–647, 647

P padlock icon, 13 Page Setup dialog box, 717, 718 Page Setup Manager dialog box, 717,

718, 802, 802–803 Page Setup Overrides, 828 palettes. See tool palettes PAN command, 748 panning, 231–232, 237, 701 Paper/Model option, turning on, 715 paper size, for plotting, 785 paper space, 701, 716, 795

vs. model space, 746 for PLOT command, 820 tasks in, 778

Paper Text Height, 381 paragraph. See also multiline text

tools for modifying, 433 Paragraph dialog box, 435 parameters, for dynamic blocks,

473–474, 474 parametric dimensions, 218 parametric drawing, 209

dimensional constraints, 217–220 geometric constraints, 211–212,

212, 214–217 Parametric menu, 32 Parametric tab on ribbon

Dimensional panel Linear dimensional constraint,

218, 218–219 Radius tool, 219

Geometric panel Auto Constrain, 211

Horizontal constraint tool, 2Points, 215, 215

Vertical constraint tool, 215–216, 216

parent dimension style, 626–628, 628 parking lot, 241, 241–242 pasting text, 435 Patch tool, 909 path types, for external references, 673 .pdf files, 785

as external reference, 670 publishing to, 828

PEDIT command (PE), 104, 105, 403, 408

Join option, 106, 106 pen plotters, 781 Perpendicular osnap, 178, 178, 235,

329, 329 and dimension placement, 614, 615

pickbox, 42, 52 picking to select objects, 276

in 3D modeling, 844 pinning Ribbon panels open, 23, 23 pivot doors, illustration options, 133 PL command, 108 PLAN command, 540, 545 plan sheets

creating, 725–727 external references (xrefs) for, 741 layer visibility, 762–763, 763 for site, setting up, 771–776

Planar Surface tool, 904, 904 Planar tool, 908 planes, in Cartesian coordinate

system, 44, 44 plat, 659 playing macro, 300 PLINE command, 405–406, 912 PLOT command, 797

paperspace for, 820 Plot dialog box, 783–796, 784,

812–813, 813, 820–821 Display option, 786 expanded, 794, 794–796 Extents option, 787

drawing printed to, 788 Layout option, 791 Limits option, 787–788

preview of drawing, 789

opening, 797 origin for print, 793 Output tab, 783 paper size and number of copies, 785 Plot Area, 786 Plot Offset and Plot Options,

792–794 Plot Scale group, 791–792 Printer/Plotter, 785, 816 View option, 789–790 Window option, 790–791

Plot property of layer, 812 plot stamps, 795 Plot Style Table Editor dialog box, 798

Form View tab, 799, 800 General tab, 798 Table View tab, 798–799

for acad.ctb file, 799 for monochrome.ctb file, 800

Plot Style Table Settings dialog box, 801, 801–802

plot-style tables, 795 applying, 796–805 assigning to drawings, 801–805 layout without assignment of, 804 organization of files, 797–801

Plot Styles, 259 Plot Styles folder, 797 Plot Upside-Down setting, 794 plots, viewing in Design Review,

816–817 Plotter Configuration Editor dialog

box, 718–719, 719, 785 plotting, 699, 781. See also printing

vs. printing, 715 plotting device

for layout, 715 list of installed, 717

.plt files, 785 point, 451 point filters, 199–202 point light, 921

properties, 928 Point Style dialog box, 451, 451 Pointer Input Settings dialog box,

90, 91 polar coordinates, relative, 49, 50,

53–54

P o l a r Tr a c k i n g b u t t o n • R E C TA N G L E c o m m a n d 9 7 6

Polar Tracking button, 12, 12, 54, 858 Polar Tracking, for temporary

tracking point, 174 POLYLINE command, 185, 234–235 Polyline Edit command. See PEDIT

command (PE) polylines, 104–107

closed, 289 corner for, 408 as cutting edges, 193 editing, 108–109 filleted corners, 111, 111 selected, 107 for threshold perimeter, 853, 853 tool for, 405–406 trimming, 227

POLYSOLID command, 840, 841–842 pop-out wall, hatches, 566, 567 portrait orientation, 794 positioning title block

for Imperial Letter page size, 706, 706, 707

for metric A4 page size, 707, 707–708, 708

practice exercises alternative sliding glass door, 166 on book web page, 69 cabin floor plan with furniture, 239 dimensions for garage addition, 651 dynamic blocks on sample

palettes, 365 exterior elevations, 552 garage addition, 166, 166–167 gasket, 238, 239, 240, 240–241 hatch patterns, 588–589, 590

palette creation, 591–592 interior elevations, 553 linetypes and linetype scales,

305–306 Mtext, 436–437 orthographic projection, 553 parking lot, 241, 241–242 repeating exercises, 238 views of block, 167, 167–168, 168

precision level, for measurement units, 76, 76

Press/Pull tool, 905

preview of fonts, 413 of print, 814, 814–816 of table style, 486

preview window, in DesignCenter, 357 primitives, 843 Print options, Application menu

with, 26 printing, 699, 781, 806–811

with layouts, 818–828 with multiple viewports, 822–823 single layout, 820–821

vs. plotting, 715 preview, 814, 814–816

Processing Background Job dialog box, 825

properties of blocks, 309 of layers, 248–249 of objects, 296

layers and, 244 setting current, 297

selecting objects based on common, 702

Properties dialog box, 724 Summary tab, 724

Properties palette, 466 for blocks, 325–326 to change scale factor, 338–339 for fine-tuning dynamic blocks,

477–480 for modifying text, 396–397,

397, 400 Show History property, 863, 865

property lines, laying out on site plan, 660, 660–662

PSLTSCALE (Paper Space Linetype Scale), 290–291, 761

PUBLISH command, 727 Publish dialog box, 824–825, 825 publishing

multiple layouts, 824–826 with Sheet Set Manager,

826–828, 827 PURGE command, 359 Purge dialog box, 481, 482 Pyramid primitive, 903

Q QSAVE command, 92 Quadrant snaps, 234 quadrants, 44, 45 quarter-inch scale, 562 Question dialog box, 805 Quick Access toolbar, 6, 10, 41

Hide Menu Bar, 33 New button, 40, 40, 74, 415, 660 Open button, 28, 261 QNew button, 28 Redo button, 132, 206 Save button, 69, 92, 275 Show Menu Bar, 31, 31, 183 Undo button, 68, 112, 132, 206, 207 Workspace drop-down, 7

Quick Properties button, 13, 13 Quick Properties panel, 267–268, 268

Layer drop-down list, 270 objects listed in, 270 turning off, 287

Quick Select dialog box, 702–704, 703 Quick View Layouts button (status

bar), 74–75, 754, 802 Model view, 74–75 switching to layout, 715 thumbnails, 717

Quick View option, turning on, 715 Quick Views Drawings button,

closing drawings from, 39

R Radians unit, for angles, 96 radius dimensions, 623–624, 624 Radius tool, 219 railing posts, 525, 525, 526 rays, 510

construction lines converted to, 516 real-world scale, 551 real-world units, 701 Realistic visual style, 937, 939 Recent Documents list, 27, 28 RECTANG command, 530, 912 RECTANGLE command (REC), 136,

136, 186, 208, 226, 232–233 for border, 402–403

r e c t a n g u l a r w i n d o w • s c r o l l w h e e l 9 7 7

rectangular window, Esc key to close, 78

Red, Green, and Blue (RGB) color model, 250, 254, 254–255

REDO command, 206, 207 REFCLOSE command, 752 REFEDIT command, 682, 683, 685 Reference Edit dialog box, 683, 684,

751–752, 752 reference line, diagonal, 542, 542 reference point, for ordinate

dimensioning, 631 references, comparing types, 697 References—Unresolved Reference

Files dialog box, 692, 692 regapps (registered applications), 481 REGENALL command (REA), 292,

571, 735 regeneration, forcing for drawing, 724 registration points, 242 relative Cartesian coordinates, 137

for drawing shapes, 50–51 relative coordinates, 48–49, 49 relative path, 693 Relative Path, for external

reference, 673 Rename & Renumber Sheet dialog

box, 758, 758 Rename dialog box, 480 Render tab on ribbon, 921

Camera panel, Create Camera button, 916–918

Lights panel, Full Shadows, 925, 925 Materials panel, 933, 937

Attach By Layer tool, 935 Render panel, Render Output File

button, 940 Sun & Location panel, Sun Status

button, 922 rendering

adding materials, 932–943 texture, 939–940

background for, 930–932 bucket, 937 to file, 940–943 impact on processor, 932 preliminary, 926–928, 927 shadows, 925–926

repeating tasks with macros, 298–301 reproduction service bureaus,

electronic formats for, 785 resizing. See sizing restarting commands, 61, 173 retaining objects, in block, 320 Revolve tool, 904, 904, 908 Revolved Mesh tool, 906 RGB (Red, Green, and Blue) color

model, 250 Ribbon, 9, 10, 18–25, 19. See also

individual tab names Alt key for navigating, 172 collapsing, moving and hiding, 20 customizing, 23–24 list of display states, 20 turning off, 21

RIBBON command, 21 Ribbon panels, 6, 19, 19, 19, 19

pinning open, 23, 23 Ribbon tabs, 6, 19, 19 Ribbon tools, 18, 21–23

displaying, 20 ridgeline, 284 “right-hand rules”, 847–850, 848,

861, 861 right mouse button, 34 rollover highlighting, 52 Roman font, 374 roof of cabin, 284, 284–289, 293

in 3D modeling, 889–900, 893, 898 modifying, 898, 898–900, 899,

900, 901 eaves lines, 292 hatch preview, 560 ridgeline, 292–293

room information area calculation, 456–459 in block, 450–451 inserting block, 459–462 in schedule, 497–501, 501

room labels, 381–391 ROTATE command, for block, 319 rotating

in 3D modeling, 847–850, 861, 861 blocks while inserting, 333–335, 335 doors, 138, 139 external references (xrefs), 678, 678

rotation angle for block, 316, 316 restricting to 90° increments, 319

rounding corners, 58–62 rows in tables, for column header, 491 .rtf files, 434 rubber-banding line, 108 Ruled Mesh tool, 906 ruler, 434 running osnaps, 136, 224–225

disabling, for single pick, 341 turning off, 410

S saturation, 255 SAVE command, 92 Save Drawing As dialog box, 29, 29,

92, 93 Save Sheet List dialog box, 825 Save Workspace dialog box, 33, 837 saved viewpoint, camera for, 912 saving

drawing, 109 file, 69, 92–94 layout changes, 795 named views, layers added after, 589 views, 539

scale, 701 changing for blocks, 338–339 for hatch pattern, 559, 559 for pattern, 561–562 standard, with corresponding

ratios, 562 for text, 369–370 for viewports, 746–749, 747,

774–776 SCALE command, 188–189

Reference option, 704, 704–705 scaling doors, 148–150, 149 schedule, 439

for doors, 485–496, 495 room information in, 497–501, 501

Scientific units, 95 screening a hatch, 555 scroll bars, turning off, 14 scroll wheel, 176

s e a r c h q u e r y • S p e c i f y f i r s t f e n c e p o i n t9 7 8

search query, location for, 10 sections, 552 Select Color dialog box

Color Books tab, 250, 255–256, 256 for gradient, 570 Index Color tab, 249–250, 250 for layer, 334 True Color tab, 250, 254, 254–255

Select File dialog box, 27, 104 Select Layout As Sheet Template

dialog box, 730, 730 Select Linetype dialog box, 257, 257 Select New Path dialog box, 693 Select object to offset, as command

prompt, 56, 56 Select Objects: prompt, 64, 65 Select Reference File dialog box, 670,

671, 688 Select Similar command, 274–275,

275, 276 Select Template dialog box, 26, 41,

74, 74, 415, 730 selected objects, deleting after block

definition creation, 312 selecting

doors and swings, 269, 269–272 kitchen and bathroom fixtures,

272–274, 273 layers, 456 lines, 52 objects, 276–277

based on common property, 702 Fence method for, 66 for FILLET command, 59 for offset, 113

removing object from set, 196, 277 table cells, 493 text, 435

Selection Cycling, 13, 13, 221, 458, 548 Selection dialog box, 221, 222 selection tools, controlling display,

52–53 selection window, 263, 265–267, 267,

271, 271 for drag and drop between

drawings, 348, 348, 349 SETBYLAYER command, 297 shaded viewport, 795

shading, implying with gradient, 568–573, 570, 572

shadows, 925–926 shapes

drawing, 51 with Direct Input, 54, 54–55 with Fillet command, 58–62,

60, 61 with Offset command, 55–58, 57 with relative Cartesian

coordinates, 50–51 relative polar coordinates for,

53–54 erasing lines, 51–52 extending lines, 64–65 offsetting lines to mark opening,

62–64 trimming lines, 66, 66–69, 67,

68, 69 sharing. See also information

sharing between drawings drawings with previous version

users, 29 Sheet Creation Template property, 730 sheet information block, 713–714, 721 Sheet List palette, 731, 731, 740 Sheet Properties dialog box, 735 sheet set

adding existing drawings, 733–736 arranging sheets in, 738, 739 creating, 728 modifying properties, 732, 732, 733

Sheet Set Manager, 709, 725, 727–740 adding layouts to, 756 context menu, 737 creating drawings with, 737,

737–740 creating new sheet set, 728–732 project name selection, 710 publishing with, 826–828, 827 renaming and renumbering

sheets, 756–759, 757 Sheet List palette, context menu,

733, 734, 735 Sheet Set Properties dialog box, 731 sheet templates

finishing, 721–725, 723 setting up, 714–725

Shift key, and object selection, 263, 264, 274

short distances, dimensions for, 647–650, 648

shortening objects, 196–198, 197, 198 Show/Hide Lineweight button, 13, 13 Show/Hide Transparency button,

13, 13 shutdown. See closing .shx (Compiled Shape) font files,

372, 374 SID files, 687 single-line text, 368, 375

justification options, 377 site plan sheet, setting up, 771–776 site plans, 658–670

dimensions, 665–666 driveway, 663–669, 664, 665 laying out property lines, 660,

660–662 north arrow, 668–669

sizing dynamic blocks, 484, 484 title block

for Imperial Letter page size, 706, 706, 707

for metric A4 page size, 707, 707–708, 708

SLICE command, 894 sliding glass doors, 150–159

in 3D modeling, 871–873, 872, 874 small-format plotters, 781 Snap, drawing with, 87–92 Snap Mode button, 12, 12, 83, 104 Snap To None osnap, 410 snap tracking, to set insertion point,

336–338 soffit, 509 solid-fill hatch, 566–568, 568 source plane, 892 space between stacked dimensions,

adjusting, 644, 645, 646 spacebar, as Enter key, 43 spacing between letters, 433 special characters, 432

adding to dimension text, 641 Specify first fence point, as command

prompt, 67

9 7 9S p e c i f y f i r s t p o i n t • t e x t

Specify first point, as command prompt, 41

Specify next point, as command prompt, 42, 43

Specify offset distance, as command prompt, 55, 56, 58

Specify point on side to offset, as command prompt, 56, 56

spell-check feature, 427–431, 428 for entire drawing, 429–431 tools, 433

Sphere primitive, 903 spline, 913 spotlight, 921 spreadsheets, output of attribute

values to, 468 stairs, 190–195, 194, 527, 527–530,

528, 529 Standard ISO linetypes, 259 Standard text styles, 370

creating, 371 standards

International Organization for Standardization (ISO), layering standard, 252

for lineweights, 806 U. S. National CAD Standard

(NCS), for layer names, 244 starting

AutoCAD, 2–9 Customer Involvement

Program, 4, 5 New Features Workshop, 3, 4 Welcome screen, 2–3, 3

commands, 18 static text styles, 370 status bar, 6, 12, 12–13

Annotation Visibility, 384 Automatically Add Annotative

Scales, 441 Automatically Add Scales, 384 for changing annotation scale,

381–382, 382 Dynamic Input button, 174 effective settings, 311 Grid Display button, 104 Infer Constraints button, 212 Model button, 716

Object Properties button, 287 Object Snap button, 134, 224, 281 Object Snap Tracking tool, 203 Polar Tracking button, 182–183, 234 Quick Properties button, 268 Quick View Layouts button, 716,

754, 802 From Template, 726

Quick Views Drawings button, 30, 30, 30

Selection Cycling button, 221, 457, 548

Snap Mode button, 83, 104 text-based or icons, 13

status of layers, 278 .stb files, 259 .stb pen tables, 795 STRETCH command, 196–198, 197,

198, 512 base point for, 198 for grid symbols, 448, 449 grips and, 514 and text, 385

stretch frame, defining, 476 stringer, 528, 529 studs, 616 STYLE command (ST), 368, 371, 379 styles, multileader, creating,

634–636 subobject, exposing grips, 86, 864 Subscription Center, 10 Subset Properties dialog box, 739 SUBTRACT command, 850–851 subtraction Boolean function, 842 Sun & Sky background, for rendering,

930–931, 932 Sun Properties dialog box, 922 Support folder for AutoCAD 2011, 260 surface-modeling tools, 907–909, 908 Surveyor’s units, 77, 658–662, 659

for angles, 96 setting, 661

Sweep tool, 905, 908 swinging doors, 133–142 switching

between open drawings, 29 workspaces, 6–9, 7

Symbol dialog box, 612, 612

symbols, 433, 435 STRETCH command for, 448, 449

symmetrical method of tolerance display, 609

t Table Cell Format dialog box, 488,

493, 493 Table Cell tab on ribbon, Cell Styles

panel, 492 TABLE command, Data Extraction

feature, 497 Table Style dialog box, 486, 486, 489 tables, 485–503

creating from attributes, 497–503 designing, 489–496, 491 formulas, 493–496 modifying display, 502–503 row for column headers, 491 style definition, 485–489

Tabulated Mesh tool, 906 Task Mask utility, 391 template files

layouts as, 753–756 for plan sheet, 714 for sheet set, 729 title block in, 415

Template Options dialog box, 417, 721 temporary tracking point, 176–177,

207, 228, 336–337 Polar Tracking for, 174 removing, 338

text. See also multiline text; single-line text

adding to title block, 409–415 attribute definitions to replace, 712 copying, 400 in design drawings, uppercase

letters for, 709 editing for attributes, 449–450 erasing from floor plan xref,

750–751 in grid, 392–400 height of letters, 369–370, 372

guidelines, 413 importing, 434

9 8 0 T E X T c o m m a n d • u n i t s

inserting column break, 420, 422 justification, 376, 377, 397–398, 398 moving, 384–385 scale for, 701 spell-check feature, 427–431, 428

for entire drawing, 429–431 uses for, 368

TEXT command, 376, 383 default justification point,

397–398 Text Editor, 419 Text Editor tab on ribbon

Formatting panel, 419 Insert panel, Insert Column

Break, 420 inserting symbols from, 642 Paragraph panel, Bullets and

Numbering drop-down list, 420 Style panel, 419

text insertion point, positioning, 412 Text Override field, for dimensions, 641 Text Style dialog box, 371, 371–373,

373, 379, 381, 409, 410 for dimensions, 601 for table, 487

text styles defining for view titles, 370–374 names for, 370 setting up, 368–377 text size and drawing scale,

369–370 text window, 323–324, 324

vs. Command window, 325 Texture Editor palette, 937, 938 thawing layers, 677, 768 TheCADGeek.com, 25 thickness of lines, 259 three dimensions. See 3D modeling thresholds in cabin, 174–181, 185

dimensions, 175 thumbnails

displaying for selected file, 27, 28 for open drawings, 30, 30 in Quick View Layouts tool, 717

tick mark, 596 .tif files

as external reference, 670 for saved rendering, 941

TIFF Image Options dialog box, 942, 942

tiled viewports, 763 title bar, 9 title block, 404–408, 407, 414

adding text to, 409–415 from AutoCAD, 415–417 base point for, 703 completion from properties in

SSM, 735 defining attributes from, 709–713 preparing, 702–714 reference, 702–714

defining, 702–705 and scale decision, 551 for sheet template, 721, 723 sizing and positioning

for Imperial Letter page size, 706, 706, 707

for metric A4 page size, 707, 707–708, 708

titles of views, placing in drawing, 374–377, 378

tolerance forms, 433 tool palettes, 8, 360–364, 362,

581–588 Architectural tab, 361 Auto-Hide option for, 363, 363 creating, 582, 582–584

for blocks, 583, 583 for commands, 586–588, 588 for hatches, 584–586, 585

Transparent mode of, 363 turning off, 8, 838

Tool Properties dialog box, 584, 584, 585

for commands, 587, 587 for hatch pattern, 586

toolbars, 32, 33 locking location for, 13

Tools menu, 32 ➢ Palettes, ➢ Tool Palettes, 360 ➢ Toolbars, 33 ➢ Toolbars ➢ AutoCAD, ➢ Object

Snap, 176, 184 Tooltip Appearance dialog box, 91, 92 tooltips, for Ribbon tools, 22, 22 Top view, 8, 9 Torus primitive, 904

Transparency dialog box, 361–362, 362 Transparency drawing mode, 795 Transparent mode of palettes, 363 traverse, 659

closing, 662 open, 663

Tree View toggle button (DesignCenter), 351, 357

TRIM command (TR), 66, 66–69, 67, 68, 69, 108–109, 116–117

breaking lines with, 390–391, 391 on construction line, 511 errors with, 132 Fence option, 126, 127, 128, 515, 516 for polylines, 227 with Shift key, 120, 120–121 tips for using, 519–520

trimming lines in elevations, 515–519, 517, 518

.ttf (TrueType) files, 372, 374, 422 Tutorial-iArch template, 416 tutorials, 2 .txt files, 434 TXT2MTXT command, 418

u UCS (User Coordinate System), 534

rotating in viewports, 770 UCS command, 535 UCS dialog box, 80, 538–539, 539 UCS icon, 6, 7, 11, 837

in 3D modeling, 847 displaying, 79–80, 835 model space and, 716, 716

UCSICON command, 80 UI. See user interface (UI) underlined text, 422, 432 UNDO command, 205–206

options, 207 undocking Ribbon, 20, 21 undoing commands, 62, 132, 179 unfreezing layer, 375 union function (Boolean), 842 U. S. National CAD Standard (NCS),

for layer names, 244 U.S. National CAD Standard (NCS), 94 units. See drawing units

U N I T S c o m m a n d • x - a x i s 9 8 1

UNITS command, 674 unreconciled layers, 784 uppercase letters, in design

drawings, 709 USCICON command, 631 User Coordinate System (UCS).

See UCS ... user-defined hatch patterns,

creating, 573–575, 574, 575 user interface (UI), 4–9, 40

with 2D Drafting & Annotation workspace, 6

Application Menu, 25–30. See also Application Menu

Application window, 9–17 Command window, 17–18. See also

Command window drop-down menus, 30–32, 31, 76 keyboard, 34, 172 mouse, 34–35 Ribbon, 18–25. See also Ribbon toolbars, 32, 33

locking location for, 13 workspaces, 33. See also

workspaces USGS Digital Elevation Model

(DEM), 687

V vertex, 48 Vertical constraint tool, 215–216 vertical dimensions, 619–621, 620, 621 video tutorials, 2 View Cube, 6 View Manager, 919, 919, 930 View menu, 32 ➢ Regen All, 469–470

View tab on ribbon Coordinates panel, 79, 80

Show UCS Icon button, 835 UCS Settings arrow button, 538 Z button, 534, 545, 770

Named Views button, 919 Navigate panel, Zoom, 134. See

also ZOOM command (Z)

Palettes panel, 360, 687 DesignCenter, 482 External References palette, 722 Properties button, 325 Sheet Set Manager, 728 Tool Palettes tool, 582

Viewports panel, 744 Views panel, Named Views, 539 Visual Styles panel, 8, 8 Windows panel, Switch Windows

button, 350 view titles, text style definition for,

370–374 viewable area, approximating, 402 ViewCube, 841, 870

for 3D navigation, 869–873 viewports, 30, 701, 721, 741

adjusting contents, 759–779 creating, 744–746, 745 erasing, 720 layer overrides, 819–820 locking, 776–777 printing with multiple, 822–823 scale for, 746–749, 747, 774–776 shaded, 795 turning off, 777–779

Viewports dialog box, 744, 745 views

placing titles in drawing, 374–377, 378

saving, 539 virtual device, DWF plotter as, 785 visibility

of attributes, 467–471 of layers, 243, 277

on plan sheets, 762–763, 763 restoring for all, 280

VISRETAIN variable, 818 Visual Effect Settings dialog box,

53, 53 visual style

2D Wireframe, 8, 8 for 3D workspace, 838–839 Conceptual, 857 Realistic, 937, 939 X-Ray, 839

Visualize tab on ribbon, 921

W walls

3D modeling, 839–842, 841 hatches for, 564–565, 565

WBLOCK command, 358–359, 705, 705, 713

WCS (world coordinate system), 534 restoring as coordinate system, 540

web resources, 816 exercises, 69

weblight, 921 Wedge primitive, 904 Welcome screen, 2–3, 3

disabling, 3 wheel mouse, 232 width of letters, 433 wildcard character, asterisk (*) as, 440 Window menu, 32 windows

in 3D modeling, 842–846, 846, 866 block creation for, 327–331, 329 dimensions, 330 finishing, 339–343, 340 inserting block, 332–343 locking location for, 13 solid-fill hatch for, 566–568, 568

word, adding to dictionary, 429, 429 Workspace Switching drop-down

list, 33 workspaces, 33

for 3D modeling, 833–839 standard, 5 switching, 6–9, 7

world coordinate system (WCS), 534 restoring as coordinate system, 540

Write Block dialog box, 713–714, 714 Quick Select button, 702

Write Block (WBLOCK) operation, 358–359

WSCURRENT command, 7

X X and Y icon. See UCS icon X and Y Offset setting, 794 x-axis, 44, 44

x - c o o r d i n a t e • z o o m w i n d o w9 8 2

x-coordinate displaying, 47, 47 keyboard for entry, 45–46, 46 ordinate dimensions for, 631

X point filter, 199, 201 X-Ray visual style, 839 X scale factor, for block, 334 XLINE (Construction Line)

command, 511, 522 XREF command, 742, 819 xref-dependent layer, 684 xrefs. See external references (xrefs) xy-coordinate system, 44. See also

Cartesian coordinates

Y y-axis, 44, 44 y-coordinate

displaying, 47, 47 keyboard for entry, 45–46, 46 ordinate dimensions for, 631

Y point filter, 199 Y scale factor, for block, 334, 335

Z z-axis, 44, 44, 45, 835 Zero Suppression, 603

ZOOM command (Z), 47, 118–122, 237 All, 83 Realtime operation, 232 Zoom Extents, 115, 179, 226

ViewCube and, 870 Zoom Out, 81 Zoom Previous, 266 Zoom Scale, 115, 115 Zoom Window, 134 zooming in or out, 79

zoom window, 118, 119, 135, 237, 318, 328

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