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MORPHOLOGY – JANUARY 2008 EXAM Duration: 2 hours
1. Name language strata 2. Name the structural units characteristic of each stratum 3. What is morphology? 4. What is grammar? 5. What is inflectional morphology? 6. Illustrate contractiveness in morphology 7. What is a minimal pair? 8. Provide 4 illustrations of minimal pairs in morphology 9. Give 2 examples of multimember paradigms 10. Give sets of words (i.e. lexical paradigms) gathered around the following root
morphemes: hat, do, human, green 11. Give lexical paradigms which share the following prefixes: mis-, dis- 12. Give lexical paradigms which share the following suffixes: -ery, -ness 13. Give a rule-of-thumb definition of a word 14. The morphemes as word constituents appear in a rigidly fixed sequential order.
Explain and illustrate. 15. Words have positional mobility. What does this mean? 16. Idioms are said to be lexically complex and semantically simplex. Use the
following to explain what this means: carbon copy (as in: She is a carbon copy of her mother), worth you weight in gold (as in: People with ideas are worth their weight in gold)
17. Say whether the following words can be classified as simple or complex. State the number of morphemes of which the words consist: chimney-sweeper, fortune- teller, interplanetary, marketing
18. In the following examples say if we are dealing with transparent or opaque lexemes: strawberry, mismanage, bitter, bizarre
19. Identify bases in the following words: carelessness, reinforcement 20. Define and illustrate grammatical valency 21. Name grammatical categories in English 22. Different grammatical categories operate within different parts of speech.
Illustrate 23. Give a list of inflectional morphemes in English 24. What do the terms generic person and generic number mean? 25. What are the exponents of comparative degree? 26. What are the allomorphs which realize the definite and the indefinite article? Give
rules and illustrate 27. Two types of modality can be distinguished: epistemic and deontic. Explain and
illustrate 28. Some verbs in English do not allow the use of progressive. Pinpoint such verbs in
the following group of examples: hop, do, prefer, know, understand, hate 29. What do we mean by the agreement in grammar? 30. Find the examples illustrating government in the following sentences:
From whom did you get it? I got it from her.